Tissue source determines the differentiation potentials of mesenchymal stem cells: a comparative study of human mesenchymal stem cells from bone ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Liangliang Xu, Yamei Liu, Yuxin Sun, Bin Wang, Yunpu Xiong, Weiping Lin, Qiushi Wei, Haibin Wang, Wei He, Bin Wang, Gang Li

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess intrinsic regeneration capacity as part of the repair process in response to injury, such as fracture or other tissue injury. Bone marrow and adipose tissue are the major sources of MSCs. However, which cell type is more effective and suitable for cell therapy remains to be answered. The intrinsic molecular mechanism supporting the assertion has also been lacking. METHODS: Human bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs) and adipose tissue-derived MSCs (ATSCs) were isolated from bone marrow and adipose tissue obtained after total hip arthroplasty. ATSCs and BMSCs were incubated in standard growth medium. Trilineage differentiation including osteogenesis, adipogenesis, and chondrogenesis was performed by addition of relevant induction mediums. The expression levels of trilineage differentiation marker genes were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR. The methylation status of CpG sites of Runx2, PPARγ, and Sox9 promoters were checked by bisulfite sequencing. In addition, ectopic bone formation and calvarial bone critical defect models were used to evaluate the bone regeneration ability of ATSCs and BMSCs in vivo. RESULTS: The results showed that BMSCs possessed stronger osteogenic and lower adipogenic differentiation potentials compared to ATSCs. There was no significant difference in the chondrogenic differentiation potential. The CpG sites of Runx2 promoter in BMSCs were hypomethylated, while in ATSCs they were hypermethylated. The CpG sites of PPARγ promoter in ATSCs were hypomethylated, while in BMSCs they were hypermethylated. The methylation status of Sox9 promoter in BMSCs was only slightly lower than that in ATSCs. CONCLUSIONS: The epigenetic memory obtained from either bone marrow or adipose tissue favored MSC differentiation along an osteoblastic or adipocytic lineage. The methylation status of the main transcription factors controlling MSC fate contributes to the differential differentiation capacities of different source-derived MSCs. More... »

PAGES

275

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13287-017-0716-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-017-0716-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099696475

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29208029


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