Apoptosis and failure of checkpoint kinase 1 activation in human induced pluripotent stem cells under replication stress View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Joelle A. Desmarais, Christian Unger, Ivan Damjanov, Mark Meuth, Peter Andrews

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cells have the ability to undergo self-renewal and differentiation similarly to human embryonic stem (hES) cells. We have recently shown that hES cells under replication stress fail to activate checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1). They instead commit to apoptosis, which appears to be a primary defense mechanism against genomic instability. It is not known whether the failure of CHK1 activation and activation of apoptosis under replication stress is solely a feature of hES cells, or if it is a feature that can be extended to hiPS cells. METHODS: Here we generated integration-free hiPS cell lines by mRNA transfection, and characterised the cell lines. To investigate the mechanism of S phase checkpoint activation, we have induced replication stress by adding excess thymidine to the cell culture medium, and performed DNA content analysis, apoptosis assays and immunoblottings. RESULTS: We are showing that hiPS cells similarly to hES cells, fail to activate CHK1 when exposed to DNA replication inhibitors and commit to apoptosis instead. Our findings also suggest the Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated pathway might be responding to DNA replication stress, resulting in apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Together, these data suggest that the apoptotic response was properly restored during reprogramming with mRNA, and that apoptosis is an important mechanism shared by hiPS and hES cells to maintain their genomic integrity when a replication stress occurs. More... »

PAGES

17

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13287-016-0279-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-016-0279-2

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013844951

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26810087


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