Imaging of cranial nerves: a pictorial overview View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Nicola Romano, Margherita Federici, Antonio Castaldi

ABSTRACT

The human body has 12 pairs of cranial nerves that control motor and sensory functions of the head and neck. The anatomy of cranial nerves is complex and its knowledge is crucial to detect pathological alterations in case of nervous disorders. Therefore, it is necessary to know the most frequent pathologies that may involve cranial nerves and recognize their typical characteristics of imaging. Cranial nerve dysfunctions may be the result of pathological processes of the cranial nerve itself or be related to tumors, inflammation, infectious processes, or traumatic injuries of adjacent structures. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the gold standard in the study of the cranial nerves. Computed tomography (CT) allows, usually, an indirect view of the nerve and is useful to demonstrate the intraosseous segments of cranial nerves, the foramina through which they exit skull base and their pathologic changes. The article is a complete pictorial overview of the imaging of cranial nerves, with anatomic and pathologic descriptions and great attention to illustrative depiction. We believe that it could be a useful guide for radiologists and neuroradiologists to review the anatomy and the most important pathologies that involve cranial nerves and their differential diagnosis. More... »

PAGES

33

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13244-019-0719-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0719-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112775978

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30877408


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