Effects of lifetime cumulative ginseng intake on cognitive function in late life View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-05-24

AUTHORS

Silvia Kyungjin Lho, Tae Hui Kim, Kyung Phil Kwak, Kayoung Kim, Bong Jo Kim, Shin Gyeom Kim, Jeong Lan Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Seok Woo Moon, Jae Young Park, Joon Hyuk Park, Seonjeong Byun, Seung Wan Suh, Ji Young Seo, Yoonseop So, Seung-Ho Ryu, Jong Chul Youn, Kyoung Hwan Lee, Dong Young Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Ju Ri Lee, Hyeon Jeong, Hyun-Ghang Jeong, Jin Hyeong Jhoo, Kyuhee Han, Jong Woo Hong, Ji Won Han, Ki Woong Kim

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of lifetime cumulative ginseng intake on cognitive function in a community-dwelling population-based prospective cohort of Korean elders. METHODS: Community-dwelling elders (N = 6422; mean age = 70.2 ± 6.9 years, education = 8.0 ± 5.3 years, female = 56.8%) from the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia were included. Among them, 3918 participants (61.0%) completed the 2-year and 4-year follow-up evaluations. Subjects were categorized according to cumulative ginseng intake at baseline evaluation; no use group, low use (< 5 years) group, and high use (≥ 5 years) group. One-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to compare the impact of cumulative ginseng intake on baseline Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet neuropsychological battery total score (CERAD total score) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score among the three groups while adjusting for potential covariates. A repeated-measures ANCOVA was performed to investigate the impacts on the changes in CERAD total scores and MMSE scores during the 4 years of follow-up. RESULTS: The high use group showed higher CERAD total scores compared to the no use group after controlling for age, sex, education years, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol intake, presence of hypertension, stroke history, Geriatric Depression Scale, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale, and presence of the APOE e4 allele (F(2, 4762) = 3.978, p = 0.019). The changes of CERAD total score for 2 or 4 years of follow-up did not differ according to the use of ginseng. CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative ginseng use for longer than 5 years may be beneficial to cognitive function in late life. More... »

PAGES

50

Journal

TITLE

Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

10

Author Affiliations

  • Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 166 Gumiro, Bundanggu, Seongnamsi, Gyeonggido 463-707 Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju, Gangwon-do Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital, Gyeongju, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea
  • Department of Neuropsychiatry, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon-si, Gyeonggi-do Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Chungju, Korea
  • Department of Neuropsychiatry, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea
  • Department of Neuropsychiatry, Changwon Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kyunggi Provincial Hospital for the Elderly, Yongin, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Bongseng Memorial Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • Department of Neuropsychiatry, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Chungcheongnam-do Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • Department of Psychiatry, Kangwon National University, School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea
  • Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Seoul National University College of Natural Sciences, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Korea
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13195-018-0380-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13195-018-0380-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104168574

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29793529


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