Comprehensive methylation analysis of imprinting-associated differentially methylated regions in colorectal cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12-04

AUTHORS

Hidenori Hidaka, Ken Higashimoto, Saori Aoki, Hiroyuki Mishima, Chisa Hayashida, Toshiyuki Maeda, Yasuo Koga, Hitomi Yatsuki, Keiichiro Joh, Hirokazu Noshiro, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Koh-ichiro Yoshiura, Kazuma Fujimoto, Hidenobu Soejima

ABSTRACT

BackgroundImprinted genes are regulated by DNA methylation at imprinting-associated differentially methylated regions (iDMRs). Abnormal expression of imprinted genes is implicated in imprinting disorders and tumors. In colorectal cancer (CRC), methylation and imprinting status of the IGF2/H19 domain have been studied. However, no comprehensive methylation analysis of iDMRs in CRC has been reported. Furthermore, the relationship between iDMR methylation status and other methylation-related issues, such as CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and long interspersed element-1 (LINE-1) methylation, remains unclear.ResultsWe analyzed the methylation status of 38 iDMRs in 106 CRC patients. We also investigated CIMP, LINE-1 methylation, KRAS and BRAF gene mutations, and loss of imprinting (LOI) of IGF2. We further examined the relationship between these factors and clinicopathological factors. The overall trend in iDMR methylation was towards hypermethylation, and iDMRs could be grouped into three categories: susceptible, resistant, and intermediate-to-aberrant methylation. The susceptible and resistant iDMRs consisted of all types of iDMR (gametic and somatic, maternally and paternally methylated). Hypermethylation of multiple iDMRs (HyMiD)-positive status was statistically associated with CIMP-positive status, but not associated with mutations in the BRAF and KRAS genes. HyMiD-positive status was inversely associated with LINE-1 methylation. Among four iDMRs within the IGF2/H19 domain, IGF2-DMR0 hypomethylation occurred most frequently, but was not associated with IGF2 LOI. Finally, we statistically calculated predictive prognostic scores based on aberrant methylation status of three iDMRs.ConclusionIn CRC tissues, some iDMRs were susceptible to hypermethylation independent of the type of iDMR and genomic sequence. Although HyMiD-positive status was associated with CIMP-positive status, this was independent of the BRAF and KRAS pathways, which are responsible for CIMP. Since IGF2-DMR0 hypomethylation and aberrant methylation of other iDMRs within the IGF2/H19 domain were not associated with IGF2 LOI, dysfunction of any of the molecular components related to imprinting regulation may be involved in IGF2 LOI. The prognostic score calculated based on aberrant methylation of three iDMRs has potential clinical applications as a prognostic predictor in patients. Further study is required to understand the biological significance of, and mechanisms behind, aberrant methylation of iDMRs and IGF2 LOI in CRCs. More... »

PAGES

150

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13148-018-0578-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13148-018-0578-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110351863

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30509319


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26 schema:description BackgroundImprinted genes are regulated by DNA methylation at imprinting-associated differentially methylated regions (iDMRs). Abnormal expression of imprinted genes is implicated in imprinting disorders and tumors. In colorectal cancer (CRC), methylation and imprinting status of the IGF2/H19 domain have been studied. However, no comprehensive methylation analysis of iDMRs in CRC has been reported. Furthermore, the relationship between iDMR methylation status and other methylation-related issues, such as CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and long interspersed element-1 (LINE-1) methylation, remains unclear.ResultsWe analyzed the methylation status of 38 iDMRs in 106 CRC patients. We also investigated CIMP, LINE-1 methylation, KRAS and BRAF gene mutations, and loss of imprinting (LOI) of IGF2. We further examined the relationship between these factors and clinicopathological factors. The overall trend in iDMR methylation was towards hypermethylation, and iDMRs could be grouped into three categories: susceptible, resistant, and intermediate-to-aberrant methylation. The susceptible and resistant iDMRs consisted of all types of iDMR (gametic and somatic, maternally and paternally methylated). Hypermethylation of multiple iDMRs (HyMiD)-positive status was statistically associated with CIMP-positive status, but not associated with mutations in the BRAF and KRAS genes. HyMiD-positive status was inversely associated with LINE-1 methylation. Among four iDMRs within the IGF2/H19 domain, IGF2-DMR0 hypomethylation occurred most frequently, but was not associated with IGF2 LOI. Finally, we statistically calculated predictive prognostic scores based on aberrant methylation status of three iDMRs.ConclusionIn CRC tissues, some iDMRs were susceptible to hypermethylation independent of the type of iDMR and genomic sequence. Although HyMiD-positive status was associated with CIMP-positive status, this was independent of the BRAF and KRAS pathways, which are responsible for CIMP. Since IGF2-DMR0 hypomethylation and aberrant methylation of other iDMRs within the IGF2/H19 domain were not associated with IGF2 LOI, dysfunction of any of the molecular components related to imprinting regulation may be involved in IGF2 LOI. The prognostic score calculated based on aberrant methylation of three iDMRs has potential clinical applications as a prognostic predictor in patients. Further study is required to understand the biological significance of, and mechanisms behind, aberrant methylation of iDMRs and IGF2 LOI in CRCs.
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