Unspecified opioids among opioid overdoses in Oslo, Norway View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-04-09

AUTHORS

Zahra Zeineb Iqbal, Thanh Mai Thi Nguyen, Mette Brekke, Odd Martin Vallersnes

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Since 2017, an increasing number of opioid overdoses in Oslo, Norway, has been categorized as involving unspecified opioids, as noted in the patient records by the doctor treating the patient. In this study we compare the characteristics of overdoses involving unspecified opioids, long-acting opioids, and heroin. Data on patients presenting with opioid overdose was retrospectively collected from 1 October 2013 to 31 December 2019 at the Oslo Accident and Emergency Outpatient Clinic. RESULTS: Among 2381 included cases, 459 (19.3%) involved unspecified opioids, 134 (5.6%) long-acting opioids, and 1788 (75.1%) heroin. Overdoses involving unspecified opioids needed longer observation, median 5 h 29 min vs. 4 h 54 min (long-acting opioids) and 4 h 49 min (heroin) (p < 0.001), and had a lower Glasgow coma scale score, median 10 vs. 13 in both the other groups (p < 0.001). Naloxone was given in 23.3% of cases involving unspecified opioids, vs. 12.7% involving long-acting opioids and 30.2% involving heroin (p < 0.001). A larger proportion of patients were transferred to hospital care when unspecified or long-acting opioids were involved compared to heroin, 16.3% and 18.7% respectively vs. 10.1% (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that the category "unspecified opioids" encompasses a substantial proportion of opioids acting longer than heroin. More... »

PAGES

134

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-05-21. Outpatient treatment of acute poisoning by substances of abuse: a prospective observational cohort study in SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF TRAUMA, RESUSCITATION AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-022-06022-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-022-06022-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1146938008

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35397589


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