Socioeconomic inequality in stunting among under-5 children in Ethiopia: a decomposition analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Fatima Muhammad, Reza Pakzad, Shahab Alizadeh

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Ethiopia bears a high stunting burden. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the socioeconomic inequalities of stunting in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was aimed to determine the degree of socioeconomic inequality in stunting and decompose it to the social determinants of stunting. We used a nationally representative sample of 8855 children, aged below 5 years, from the Ethiopian demographic and health survey, conducted in 2016. Subjects were recruited following a two-stage cluster sampling. The socioeconomic status was measured by the household wealth index, categorized into quantiles. The inequality in stunting between the poorest and the richest socioeconomic groups was decomposed into its contributing social factors following the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition approach. RESULT: The overall prevalence of stunting was 38%, with a significant pro-poor socioeconomic inequality. The prevalence of stunting among the poorest and the richest socioeconomic categories was 45.1% and 26.9%, respectively. Caregivers education status was the main contributor, accounting alone for 33% of the socioeconomic inequality in stunting, followed by region of residence (11%) and birth size (6%). Equity sensitive interventions, which prioritize the vulnerable groups might help to narrow the socioeconomic inequality as well as fasten the progress towards the goal of stunting reduction. More... »

PAGES

184

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4229-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4229-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113063241

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30922416


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