Diarrheal disease outbreak in Gaidatar village of Rautahat District, Nepal View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Kul Raj Rai, Reena Kiran Mukhiya, Santosh Thapa, Ganesh Rai, Sabina KC, Phanu Maya Thapa, Prasha Shrestha, Shiba Kumar Rai

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Diarrheal diseases, including cholera, remain a major public health concern in developing countries like Nepal. This study investigated a diarrheal outbreak that affected over 1500 people in Gaidatar village of Rautahat district in central Nepal and sought to identify the source and causation of the disease. Stool samples were collected from individuals with acute diarrheal illness (n = 16) and healthy non-diarrheal children (n = 39), along with samples from local drinking water sources (n = 8) and their sewage system (n = 10). None of the individuals were sampled multiple times. Diarrheic stool and sewage samples were analysed for the presence of Vibrio cholerae, while coliforms were tested in drinking water samples following standard microbiological protocols. Enteric parasites were tested in both diarrheic and non-diarrheic stool samples. RESULTS: Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa serotype was isolated in 18.7% of the diarrheic stool and 20.0% of the sewage. Coliforms were found in all drinking water samples, with 87.5% testing positive for fecal coliform. Additionally, 43.6% of the stool samples (n = 55) had at least one of the intestinal parasites tested, primarily Giardia lamblia (21.8%). However, almost all parasites were found in non-diarrheal stool. Taken together, our results provide evidence that the diarrheal outbreak was associated with V. cholerae O1 Ogawa serotype, possibly transmitted through the drinking water sources contaminated with fecal matters from their sewage (drainage) system. These findings warrant regular surveillance of drinking water sources to help prevent future outbreaks. More... »

PAGES

124

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4156-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4156-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112646021

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30850018


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