Colistin-resistant Escherichia coli with mcr genes in the livestock of rural small-scale farms in Ecuador View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Yoshimasa Yamamoto, Manuel Calvopina, Ricardo Izurieta, Irina Villacres, Ryuji Kawahara, Masahiro Sasaki, Mayumi Yamamoto

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Emergence and dissemination of colistin-resistant (Co-R) bacteria harboring mobile colistin resistance genes pose a threat for treatment of infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. Although the worldwide spread of Co-R bacteria is known, the precise state of Co-R bacterial dissemination in livestock of Andean countries remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated mcr-containing Co-R Escherichia coli dissemination in livestock on small-scale farms in two socioecologically different regions of Ecuador: the Amazonian rain-forest and the Pacific Coast. RESULTS: Sixty-six rectal swab samples from 34 pigs and 32 chickens, from five farms in the two regions, were assessed for the dissemination of Co-R E. coli using the selective medium CHROMagar™ COL-APSE. mcr-containing Co-R E. coli were detected in the specimens at a high rate (47%; 31/66), but the detection rates of the two regions were not statistically different. Both chickens and pigs showed similar detection rates. All Co-R E. coli isolates harbored mcr-1. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of colistin were ≥ 8 mg/L, and 67.7% (21/31) of the Co-R isolates were multi-drug resistant. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed the limited relation between isolates. Thus, we revealed the high rate of widespread dissemination of Co-R bacteria in livestock regardless of the socioecological conditions in Ecuador. More... »

PAGES

121

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112527709

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30832731


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1108", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Osaka University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, 565-0871, Suita, Osaka, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yamamoto", 
        "givenName": "Yoshimasa", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Universidad de Las Am\u00e9ricas", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442184.f", 
          "name": [
            "Universidad De Las Americas, Quito, Ecuador"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Calvopina", 
        "givenName": "Manuel", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of South Florida", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.170693.a", 
          "name": [
            "College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Izurieta", 
        "givenName": "Ricardo", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Universidad de Las Am\u00e9ricas", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442184.f", 
          "name": [
            "Universidad De Las Americas, Quito, Ecuador"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Villacres", 
        "givenName": "Irina", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Osaka Institute of Public Health, Osaka, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kawahara", 
        "givenName": "Ryuji", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Osaka University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, 565-0871, Suita, Osaka, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sasaki", 
        "givenName": "Masahiro", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Gifu University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256342.4", 
          "name": [
            "Health Administration Center, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yamamoto", 
        "givenName": "Mayumi", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03570.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017701285"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(15)00424-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024838418"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.07.020", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030370070"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035145036", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035145036", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159567", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036683968"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2016.09.016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043539808"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0950268816001369", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053974499"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2006.3.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059261397"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2015.1954", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059262620"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.es.2016.21.6.30135", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070926048"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2018.01.023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100775787"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2147/idr.s160489", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101380813"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1466252317000160", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103423810"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fny100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103549747"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105245671", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105245671", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0173", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110039788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0173", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110039788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0173", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110039788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "OBJECTIVE: Emergence and dissemination of colistin-resistant (Co-R) bacteria harboring mobile colistin resistance genes pose a threat for treatment of infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. Although the worldwide spread of Co-R bacteria is known, the precise state of Co-R bacterial dissemination in livestock of Andean countries remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated mcr-containing Co-R Escherichia coli dissemination in livestock on small-scale farms in two socioecologically different regions of Ecuador: the Amazonian rain-forest and the Pacific Coast.\nRESULTS: Sixty-six rectal swab samples from 34 pigs and 32 chickens, from five farms in the two regions, were assessed for the dissemination of Co-R E. coli using the selective medium CHROMagar\u2122 COL-APSE. mcr-containing Co-R E. coli were detected in the specimens at a high rate (47%; 31/66), but the detection rates of the two regions were not statistically different. Both chickens and pigs showed similar detection rates. All Co-R E. coli isolates harbored mcr-1. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of colistin were\u2009\u2265\u20098\u00a0mg/L, and 67.7% (21/31) of the Co-R isolates were multi-drug resistant. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed the limited relation between isolates. Thus, we revealed the high rate of widespread dissemination of Co-R bacteria in livestock regardless of the socioecological conditions in Ecuador.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.6819864", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1039457", 
        "issn": [
          "1756-0500"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Research Notes", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "12"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Colistin-resistant Escherichia coli with mcr genes in the livestock of rural small-scale farms in Ecuador", 
    "pagination": "121", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "492f349d8143d8d7ec8e0e2ba4331e5c098a62adccbe4a4e115aae4f4e0bc278"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30832731"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101462768"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1112527709"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112527709"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:20", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000368_0000000368/records_78968_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs13104-019-4144-0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

166 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      45 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1108
3 schema:author Necebb53f11e94032b527929d343333ec
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y
5 sg:pub.10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.07.020
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2016.09.016
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2018.01.023
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(15)00424-7
10 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0950268816001369
11 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1466252317000160
12 https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2006.3.59
13 https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2015.1954
14 https://doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fny100
15 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03570.x
16 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159567
17 https://doi.org/10.2147/idr.s160489
18 https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.es.2016.21.6.30135
19 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0173
20 schema:datePublished 2019-12
21 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
22 schema:description OBJECTIVE: Emergence and dissemination of colistin-resistant (Co-R) bacteria harboring mobile colistin resistance genes pose a threat for treatment of infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. Although the worldwide spread of Co-R bacteria is known, the precise state of Co-R bacterial dissemination in livestock of Andean countries remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated mcr-containing Co-R Escherichia coli dissemination in livestock on small-scale farms in two socioecologically different regions of Ecuador: the Amazonian rain-forest and the Pacific Coast. RESULTS: Sixty-six rectal swab samples from 34 pigs and 32 chickens, from five farms in the two regions, were assessed for the dissemination of Co-R E. coli using the selective medium CHROMagar™ COL-APSE. mcr-containing Co-R E. coli were detected in the specimens at a high rate (47%; 31/66), but the detection rates of the two regions were not statistically different. Both chickens and pigs showed similar detection rates. All Co-R E. coli isolates harbored mcr-1. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of colistin were ≥ 8 mg/L, and 67.7% (21/31) of the Co-R isolates were multi-drug resistant. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed the limited relation between isolates. Thus, we revealed the high rate of widespread dissemination of Co-R bacteria in livestock regardless of the socioecological conditions in Ecuador.
23 schema:genre research_article
24 schema:inLanguage en
25 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
26 schema:isPartOf Nc321e0c5290d4fa6b9c149f54a95a9f3
27 Ne55044a1365742d38874fc30f3580dbd
28 sg:journal.1039457
29 schema:name Colistin-resistant Escherichia coli with mcr genes in the livestock of rural small-scale farms in Ecuador
30 schema:pagination 121
31 schema:productId N07e673e2cda44f5c81c7cdf4f813cadd
32 N780beeb05aec4afd94f335d6fb5b8be4
33 N8dc2cb921f824d2db07145a583dd18ce
34 Ne865cf1242444f65baf1e777d4d44c8e
35 Nfc7d0845ea674fbabe7400e6b4cc05b5
36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112527709
37 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0
38 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:20
39 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
40 schema:sdPublisher Ndfb1d47a6de243039bac0ef5511a2111
41 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs13104-019-4144-0
42 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
43 sgo:sdDataset articles
44 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
45 N07e673e2cda44f5c81c7cdf4f813cadd schema:name dimensions_id
46 schema:value pub.1112527709
47 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
48 N094c355212e34cde86e67ce6aca89839 schema:name Osaka Institute of Public Health, Osaka, Japan
49 rdf:type schema:Organization
50 N09e9a2e361fb439e8e179a5c6d7c21d3 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.170693.a
51 schema:familyName Izurieta
52 schema:givenName Ricardo
53 rdf:type schema:Person
54 N18cdef60c95a482886edb386c5190e80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256342.4
55 schema:familyName Yamamoto
56 schema:givenName Mayumi
57 rdf:type schema:Person
58 N3bc7ae7ffb614af69b3a870dcca29c7a rdf:first N8ccb716c9b954f9ab2b4b50ed5a5bbfd
59 rdf:rest N72fa8a1d67b2401490ba9651e1284c3e
60 N602df2b1eba5492da57d4a3b02522211 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b
61 schema:familyName Yamamoto
62 schema:givenName Yoshimasa
63 rdf:type schema:Person
64 N715417f0a03a49478c2f47df496384b8 rdf:first Ndcdcd2eb03af45ddae147c94c45fa6a4
65 rdf:rest Ndc94b177988948a7b5d5c8df6f2f2ede
66 N72fa8a1d67b2401490ba9651e1284c3e rdf:first Nfbb73c3708cf4be8bafa16fdf00a0ef1
67 rdf:rest Na657975d637c4a549b027f2f7041b4d6
68 N780beeb05aec4afd94f335d6fb5b8be4 schema:name doi
69 schema:value 10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0
70 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
71 N8ccb716c9b954f9ab2b4b50ed5a5bbfd schema:affiliation N094c355212e34cde86e67ce6aca89839
72 schema:familyName Kawahara
73 schema:givenName Ryuji
74 rdf:type schema:Person
75 N8dc2cb921f824d2db07145a583dd18ce schema:name readcube_id
76 schema:value 492f349d8143d8d7ec8e0e2ba4331e5c098a62adccbe4a4e115aae4f4e0bc278
77 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
78 Na657975d637c4a549b027f2f7041b4d6 rdf:first N18cdef60c95a482886edb386c5190e80
79 rdf:rest rdf:nil
80 Nb580eca3a9f64ac0b5187eb0b2169dfc schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442184.f
81 schema:familyName Villacres
82 schema:givenName Irina
83 rdf:type schema:Person
84 Nc321e0c5290d4fa6b9c149f54a95a9f3 schema:issueNumber 1
85 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
86 Ndc94b177988948a7b5d5c8df6f2f2ede rdf:first N09e9a2e361fb439e8e179a5c6d7c21d3
87 rdf:rest Ne676482622cd4658b5426d46c9f15825
88 Ndcdcd2eb03af45ddae147c94c45fa6a4 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442184.f
89 schema:familyName Calvopina
90 schema:givenName Manuel
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 Ndfb1d47a6de243039bac0ef5511a2111 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
93 rdf:type schema:Organization
94 Ne55044a1365742d38874fc30f3580dbd schema:volumeNumber 12
95 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
96 Ne676482622cd4658b5426d46c9f15825 rdf:first Nb580eca3a9f64ac0b5187eb0b2169dfc
97 rdf:rest N3bc7ae7ffb614af69b3a870dcca29c7a
98 Ne865cf1242444f65baf1e777d4d44c8e schema:name pubmed_id
99 schema:value 30832731
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 Necebb53f11e94032b527929d343333ec rdf:first N602df2b1eba5492da57d4a3b02522211
102 rdf:rest N715417f0a03a49478c2f47df496384b8
103 Nfbb73c3708cf4be8bafa16fdf00a0ef1 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b
104 schema:familyName Sasaki
105 schema:givenName Masahiro
106 rdf:type schema:Person
107 Nfc7d0845ea674fbabe7400e6b4cc05b5 schema:name nlm_unique_id
108 schema:value 101462768
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
111 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
112 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
113 anzsrc-for:1108 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
114 schema:name Medical Microbiology
115 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
116 sg:grant.6819864 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-019-4144-0
117 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
118 sg:journal.1039457 schema:issn 1756-0500
119 schema:name BMC Research Notes
120 rdf:type schema:Periodical
121 sg:pub.10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035145036
122 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1154-y
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 sg:pub.10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105245671
125 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0124-z
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.07.020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030370070
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2016.09.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043539808
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2018.01.023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100775787
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(15)00424-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024838418
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0950268816001369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053974499
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1466252317000160 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103423810
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2006.3.59 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059261397
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2015.1954 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059262620
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fny100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103549747
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2011.03570.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017701285
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159567 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036683968
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 https://doi.org/10.2147/idr.s160489 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101380813
150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
151 https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.es.2016.21.6.30135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070926048
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110039788
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b schema:alternateName Osaka University
156 schema:name Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, 565-0871, Suita, Osaka, Japan
157 rdf:type schema:Organization
158 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.170693.a schema:alternateName University of South Florida
159 schema:name College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
160 rdf:type schema:Organization
161 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256342.4 schema:alternateName Gifu University
162 schema:name Health Administration Center, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan
163 rdf:type schema:Organization
164 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442184.f schema:alternateName Universidad de Las Américas
165 schema:name Universidad De Las Americas, Quito, Ecuador
166 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...