Hematological abnormalities in patients with malaria and typhoid in Tamale Metropolis of Ghana View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Nsoh Godwin Anabire, Paul Armah Aryee, Gideon Kofi Helegbe

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Anemia, Leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are commonly observed hematological abnormalities in malaria and typhoid patients. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of cytopenias in patients with mono-infections of plasmodium parasites (malaria group) or salmonella bacteria (typhoid group). Full blood counts from 79 patients (age ranging from 18 to 77 years) categorized into malaria and typhoid groups at the Tamale Central Hospital were assessed. RESULTS: Data generated were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 and Graphpad Prism 6. Values were observed to be significant at p < 0.05. The prevalence of cytopenias were; 29.6, 48.0% for anemia, 38.9, 12.0% for thrombocytopenia, 20.4, 12.0% for leukopenia, 13.0, 8.0% for bicytopenia and 5.6, 4.0% for pancytopenia in both malaria and typhoid groups respectively. Between the two groups of patients, thrombocytopenia was significantly associated with those in the malaria group (χ2 = 5.84, p < 0.016). No association was found between cytopenias and gender in patients in the malaria group; however, the middle aged group, 36-55 years, was significantly associated with anemia (χ2 = 12.97, p < 0.002). Cytopenias were not associated with gender, and with different age categories in patients in the typhoid group. More... »

PAGES

353

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-018-3456-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3456-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104403916

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29871667


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61 schema:description OBJECTIVE: Anemia, Leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are commonly observed hematological abnormalities in malaria and typhoid patients. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of cytopenias in patients with mono-infections of plasmodium parasites (malaria group) or salmonella bacteria (typhoid group). Full blood counts from 79 patients (age ranging from 18 to 77 years) categorized into malaria and typhoid groups at the Tamale Central Hospital were assessed. RESULTS: Data generated were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 and Graphpad Prism 6. Values were observed to be significant at p < 0.05. The prevalence of cytopenias were; 29.6, 48.0% for anemia, 38.9, 12.0% for thrombocytopenia, 20.4, 12.0% for leukopenia, 13.0, 8.0% for bicytopenia and 5.6, 4.0% for pancytopenia in both malaria and typhoid groups respectively. Between the two groups of patients, thrombocytopenia was significantly associated with those in the malaria group (χ2 = 5.84, p < 0.016). No association was found between cytopenias and gender in patients in the malaria group; however, the middle aged group, 36-55 years, was significantly associated with anemia (χ2 = 12.97, p < 0.002). Cytopenias were not associated with gender, and with different age categories in patients in the typhoid group.
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