Reduction of the contaminant fraction of DNA obtained from an ancient giant panda bone View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Nikolas Basler, Georgios Xenikoudakis, Michael V. Westbury, Lingfeng Song, Guilian Sheng, Axel Barlow

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A key challenge in ancient DNA research is massive microbial DNA contamination from the deposition site which accumulates post mortem in the study organism's remains. Two simple and cost-effective methods to enrich the relative endogenous fraction of DNA in ancient samples involve treatment of sample powder with either bleach or Proteinase K pre-digestion prior to DNA extraction. Both approaches have yielded promising but varying results in other studies. Here, we contribute data on the performance of these methods using a comprehensive and systematic series of experiments applied to a single ancient bone fragment from a giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). RESULTS: Bleach and pre-digestion treatments increased the endogenous DNA content up to ninefold. However, the absolute amount of DNA retrieved was dramatically reduced by all treatments. We also observed reduced DNA damage patterns in pre-treated libraries compared to untreated ones, resulting in longer mean fragment lengths and reduced thymine over-representation at fragment ends. Guanine-cytosine (GC) contents of both mapped and total reads are consistent between treatments and conform to general expectations, indicating no obvious biasing effect of the applied methods. Our results therefore confirm the value of bleach and pre-digestion as tools in palaeogenomic studies, providing sufficient material is available. More... »

PAGES

754

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13104-017-3061-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-3061-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099733837

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29262846


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