Rats as potential reservoirs for neglected zoonotic Bartonella species in Flanders, Belgium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-05-07

AUTHORS

Maria Krügel, Martin Pfeffer, Nina Król, Christian Imholt, Kristof Baert, Rainer G. Ulrich, Anna Obiegala

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bartonella spp. are vector-borne pathogens transmitted to humans via blood-sucking arthropods. Rodents such as the black rat (Rattus rattus) and Norway rat (R. norvegicus) are thought to be the main reservoirs. An infection with rodent-associated Bartonella spp. may cause severe symptoms in humans such as endocarditis and neuroretinitis. The current knowledge of Bartonella prevalence in rats from western Europe is scarce. METHODS: Rats and a few other rodent by-catches were trapped in the context of a rodenticide resistance study at different sites in Flanders, Belgium. During dissection, biometric data were collected, and spleen tissues were taken. DNA was extracted from spleen samples and tested for Bartonella spp. by conventional generic polymerase chain reaction (PCR). To determine the Bartonella species, a selected number of amplicons were sequenced and compared with GenBank entries. RESULTS: In total, 1123 rodents were trapped. The predominate species was R. norvegicus (99.64%). Other rodents trapped included: two water voles (Arvicola amphibius, 0.18%); one colour rat (R. norvegicus forma domestica, 0.09%); and one muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus, 0.09%). PCR analysis of 1097 rodents resulted in 410 (37.37%, 95% CI: 34.50-40.31%) Bartonella spp. DNA-positive samples. Bartonella tribocorum (94.68%, 95% CI: 88.02-98.25%) was the most frequently detected Bartonella species, followed by B. grahamii (3.19%, 95% CI: 0.66-9.04%) and B. doshiae (1.06%, 95% CI: 0.03-5.79%). An uncultured Bartonella species occurred in one water vole (1.06%, 95% CI: 0.03-5.79%). There was a significantly higher Bartonella prevalence in older rats compared to juveniles and a significant difference in Bartonella prevalence concerning the localisation of trapping sites. In contrast, there was no statistically significant difference in Bartonella prevalence regarding sex, degree of urbanisation and season. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the high prevalence found, we conclude that the Norway rat seems to be a key reservoir host for zoonotic B. tribocorum in Belgium. More... »

PAGES

235

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13071-020-04098-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-020-04098-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127451770

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32381113


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78 juveniles
79 key reservoir hosts
80 knowledge
81 localisation
82 main reservoir
83 muskrats
84 neuroretinitis
85 norvegicus
86 number
87 number of amplicons
88 old rats
89 pathogens
90 polymerase chain reaction
91 potential reservoir
92 predominate species
93 prevalence
94 rats
95 reaction
96 reservoir
97 reservoir hosts
98 resistance studies
99 rodent-associated Bartonella spp
100 rodenticide resistance study
101 rodents
102 samples
103 season
104 severe symptoms
105 sex
106 significant differences
107 sites
108 species
109 spleen samples
110 spleen tissue
111 spp
112 study
113 symptoms
114 tissue
115 total
116 tribocorum
117 uncultured Bartonella species
118 urbanisation
119 vector-borne pathogens
120 voles
121 water voles
122 zoonotic B. tribocorum
123 zoonotic Bartonella species
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