Effects of stable ectopic expression of the primary sex determination gene Yob in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12-24

AUTHORS

Elzbieta Krzywinska, Jaroslaw Krzywinski

ABSTRACT

BackgroundMosquito-borne diseases, such as malaria, are controlled primarily by suppressing mosquito vector populations using insecticides. The current control programmes are seriously threatened by the emergence and rapid spread of resistance to approved insecticides. Genetic approaches proposed to complement the existing control efforts may be a more sustainable solution to mosquito control. All such approaches would rely on releases of modified male mosquitoes, because released females would contribute to biting and pathogen transmission. However, no sufficiently large-scale methods for sex separation in mosquitoes exist.ResultsHere we exploited the female embryo-killing property of the sex determining gene Yob from the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, to evaluate the feasibility of creating transgenic An. gambiae sexing strains with a male-only phenotype. We generated An. gambiae lines with Yob expression, in both sexes, controlled by the vas2 promoter. Penetrance of the female-lethal phenotype was highly dependent on the location of the transgenic construct within the genome. A strong male bias was observed in one of the lines. All the females that survived to adulthood in that line possessed masculinized head appendages and terminal abdominal segments. They did not feed on blood, lacked host-seeking behavior, and thus were effectively sterile. Males, however, were not affected by Yob overexpression.ConclusionsOur study demonstrates that ectopic expression of Yob results in a recovery of viable, fertile males, and in death, or otherwise strongly deleterious effects, in females. This result shows potential for generation of transgenic sexing strains of Anopheles gambiae with a conditional male-only phenotype. More... »

PAGES

648

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13071-018-3211-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3211-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110894189

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30583747


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