The characterization and manipulation of the bacterial microbiome of the Rocky Mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Katie A. Clayton, Cory A. Gall, Katheen L. Mason, Glen A. Scoles, Kelly A. Brayton

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In North America, ticks are the most economically impactful vectors of human and animal pathogens. The Rocky Mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni (Acari: Ixodidae), transmits Rickettsia rickettsii and Anaplasma marginale to humans and cattle, respectively. In recent years, studies have shown that symbiotic organisms are involved in a number of biochemical and physiological functions. Characterizing the bacterial microbiome of D. andersoni is a pivotal step towards understanding symbiont-host interactions. FINDINGS: In this study, we have shown by high-throughput sequence analysis that the composition of endosymbionts in the midgut and salivary glands in adult ticks is dynamic over three generations. Four Proteobacteria genera, Rickettsia, Francisella, Arsenophonus, and Acinetobacter, were identified as predominant symbionts in these two tissues. Exposure to therapeutic doses of the broad-spectrum antibiotic, oxytetracycline, affected both proportions of predominant genera and significantly reduced reproductive fitness. Additionally, Acinetobacter, a free-living ubiquitous microbe, invaded the bacterial microbiome at different proportions based on antibiotic treatment status suggesting that microbiome composition may have a role in susceptibility to environmental contaminants. CONCLUSIONS: This study characterized the bacterial microbiome in D. andersoni and determined the generational variability within this tick. Furthermore, this study confirmed that microbiome manipulation is associated with tick fitness and may be a potential method for biocontrol. More... »

PAGES

632

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13071-015-1245-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-1245-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023414808

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26653035


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