Native strains of Beauveria bassiana for the control of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-02-05

AUTHORS

Claudia Cafarchia, Davide Immediato, Roberta Iatta, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Riccardo Paolo Lia, Daniele Porretta, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Domenico Otranto

ABSTRACT

BackgroundRhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato ticks are widespread worldwide due to their adaptability to survive under different environmental conditions. They may act as vectors of a wide range of pathogens to humans and animals and their control is based on the use of chemical products on dogs and in the environment. Alternative control strategies, such as the use of entomopathogenic fungi as bio-control agents have also been investigated. The ability of native strains of Beauveria bassiana sensu lato in causing mortality in different tick species (e.g., Amblyomma cajennense and Rhipicephalus microplus) has been demonstrated. However, limited studies have assessed the use of B. bassiana for the control of R. sanguineus s.l. and none of them have employed native strains of this fungus. Here we investigated the pathogenicity of a native strain of B. bassiana (CD1123) against all developmental stages of R. sanguineus s.l..MethodsBatches of eggs, larvae, nymphs and adult ticks were immersed in a suspension of 107 conidia/ml of B. bassiana s.l., isolated from a R. sanguineus s.l. engorged female. All treatment and control groups were observed for 20 days, and the biological parameters (i.e., mortality, hatching, moulting percentage, pre-oviposition period, oviposition period and rate, eggs production efficiency, reproductive efficiency and fitness indexes) were assessed.ResultsThe effect of the B. bassiana strain tested herein on eggs, larvae, nymphs and adults showed a significantly higher mortality than those of the control groups (p < 0.05) at 5 days post-infection. No infected eggs hatched and no infected larvae moulted. Only 15% of infected nymphs moulted into adults. All biological parameters of treated groups differed significantly (p < 0.001) from those of control groups.ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that a suspension containing 107 conidia/ml of a native B. bassiana strain is highly virulent towards all life-cycle developmental stages of R. sanguineus s.l. and may be of potential interest as a biological control agent against these ticks. More... »

PAGES

80

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13071-015-0693-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0693-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037995736

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25651851


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