The CSAW Study (Can Shoulder Arthroscopy Work?) – a placebo-controlled surgical intervention trial assessing the clinical and cost effectiveness of ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

David Beard, Jonathan Rees, Ines Rombach, Cushla Cooper, Jonathan Cook, Naomi Merritt, Alastair Gray, Stephen Gwilym, Andrew Judge, Julian Savulescu, Jane Moser, Jenny Donovan, Marcus Jepson, Caroline Wilson, Irene Tracey, Karolina Wartolowska, Benjamin Dean, Andrew Carr, the CSAW Study Group

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASAD) is a commonly performed surgical intervention for shoulder pain. The rationale is that removal of a bony acromial spur relieves symptoms by decompressing rotator cuff tendons passing through the subacromial space. However, the efficacy of this procedure is uncertain. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of ASAD in patients with subacromial pain using appropriate control groups, including placebo intervention. METHODS/DESIGN: The trial is a three-group, parallel design, pragmatic, randomised controlled study. The intervention content for each group (ASAD, active monitoring with specialist reassessment (AMSR) and investigational shoulder arthroscopy only (AO)) enables assessment of (1) the efficacy of the surgery against no surgery; (2) the need for a specific component of the surgery-namely, removal of the bony spur; and (3) quantification of the placebo effect. Concealed allocation was performed using a 1:1:1 randomisation ratio and using age, sex, baseline Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS) and centre as minimisation criteria. The primary outcome measure is the OSS at 6 months post randomisation. A total of 300 patients recruited over 24 months from a minimum of 14 UK shoulder units over 24 months were required to detect a difference of 4.5 points on the OSS (standard deviation, 9) with 90% power and to allow for 15% loss to follow-up. Secondary outcomes include cost-effectiveness, pain, complications and patient satisfaction. A substantial qualitative research component is included. The primary analysis will be conducted on the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Sensitivity analysis will be used to assess the robustness of the results with regard to the underlying assumptions about missing data using multiple imputation. DISCUSSION: This trial uses an innovative design to account for the known placebo effects of surgery, but it also will delineate the mechanism for any benefit from surgery. The investigational AO group is considered a placebo intervention (not sham surgery), as it includes all components of subacromial decompression except the critical surgical element. Some discussion is also dedicated to the challenges of conducting placebo surgery trials. TRIAL REGISTRATIONS: UK Clinical Research Network UKCRN12104. Registered 22 May 2012. International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial ISRCTN33864128 . Registered 22 June 2012. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01623011 . Registered 15 June 2012. More... »

PAGES

210

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025094731

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25956385


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Acromion", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Arthroscopy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Clinical Protocols", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cost-Benefit Analysis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Decompression, Surgical", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health Care Costs", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Intention to Treat Analysis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Osteophyte", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pain Measurement", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Patient Satisfaction", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Postoperative Complications", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Predictive Value of Tests", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Research Design", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sample Size", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Shoulder Pain", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Time Factors", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Treatment Outcome", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "United Kingdom", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Beard", 
        "givenName": "David", 
        "id": "sg:person.0772344450.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0772344450.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rees", 
        "givenName": "Jonathan", 
        "id": "sg:person.0615551316.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0615551316.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rombach", 
        "givenName": "Ines", 
        "id": "sg:person.01023042246.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01023042246.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cooper", 
        "givenName": "Cushla", 
        "id": "sg:person.01132000644.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132000644.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cook", 
        "givenName": "Jonathan", 
        "id": "sg:person.016575411532.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016575411532.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Merritt", 
        "givenName": "Naomi", 
        "id": "sg:person.01234751535.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01234751535.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Roosevelt Drive, OX3 7LF, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gray", 
        "givenName": "Alastair", 
        "id": "sg:person.01307325071.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01307325071.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gwilym", 
        "givenName": "Stephen", 
        "id": "sg:person.01243562257.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01243562257.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Judge", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.011535537277.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011535537277.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute for Science and Ethics, University of Oxford, Suite 8, Littlegate House, 16/17 St Ebbe\u2019s Street, OX1 1PT, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Savulescu", 
        "givenName": "Julian", 
        "id": "sg:person.0642253513.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0642253513.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Moser", 
        "givenName": "Jane", 
        "id": "sg:person.0707745306.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0707745306.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Bristol", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, BS8 2PS, Bristol, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Donovan", 
        "givenName": "Jenny", 
        "id": "sg:person.01002445705.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01002445705.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Bristol", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, BS8 2PS, Bristol, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jepson", 
        "givenName": "Marcus", 
        "id": "sg:person.01173147647.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01173147647.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Bristol", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, BS8 2PS, Bristol, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wilson", 
        "givenName": "Caroline", 
        "id": "sg:person.01210523072.60", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01210523072.60"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Headington, OX3 9DU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tracey", 
        "givenName": "Irene", 
        "id": "sg:person.01017742076.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01017742076.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wartolowska", 
        "givenName": "Karolina", 
        "id": "sg:person.01254415573.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254415573.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dean", 
        "givenName": "Benjamin", 
        "id": "sg:person.01005121325.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01005121325.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oxford", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Carr", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.016312052452.22", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016312052452.22"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "the CSAW Study Group", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.325.7367.766", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000514147"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2009.01.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002045224"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.331.7525.1124", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004079455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-8063(91)90070-e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004201970"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2008.02.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004931405"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3999(01)00296-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008091244"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa013259", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008546556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2004.02.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008904113"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/blo.0b013e31802fc175", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009482717"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/blo.0b013e31802fc175", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009482717"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.88b4.16845", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010040099"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd005619.pub2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012688339"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(06)70576-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013882973"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2008.07.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013897081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2008.03.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015438456"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1185/030079906x132488", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017232437"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g3253", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020203893"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.052183", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021039158"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2007.02.116", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021070435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0749-8063(05)80294-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023794928"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.57.7.433", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023946523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.57.7.433", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023946523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.1100160515", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026179545"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.91b10.22094", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027514815"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.11.850", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028482414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.11.850", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028482414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.91b4.21442", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033982500"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2010.02.029", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036352801"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1058-2746(99)90134-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036948301"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2008.09.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038160318"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.mr000013.pub4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039341847"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2014.03.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043472785"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044046766"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/art.24837", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044898135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/art.24837", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044898135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.57.11.649", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044996064"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kei139", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046913648"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kei139", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046913648"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.92b8.22860", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046987711"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1745-6215-12-78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050865642", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-12-78"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053103755", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053103755", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198701000-00023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060161944"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198701000-00023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060161944"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198701000-00023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060161944"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198710000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060162317"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198710000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060162317"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198710000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060162317"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-200109000-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060168846"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-200109000-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060168846"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-200109000-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060168846"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.79b1.7225", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064885628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200506000-00031", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068896820"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200709000-00004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068897961"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.00990", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901770"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.00990", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901770"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.00990", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901770"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901772"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901772"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901772"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465020300021801", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075019683"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465020300021801", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075019683"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.73b3.1670435", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077242082"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082997870", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083344290", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASAD) is a commonly performed surgical intervention for shoulder pain. The rationale is that removal of a bony acromial spur relieves symptoms by decompressing rotator cuff tendons passing through the subacromial space. However, the efficacy of this procedure is uncertain. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of ASAD in patients with subacromial pain using appropriate control groups, including placebo intervention.\nMETHODS/DESIGN: The trial is a three-group, parallel design, pragmatic, randomised controlled study. The intervention content for each group (ASAD, active monitoring with specialist reassessment (AMSR) and investigational shoulder arthroscopy only (AO)) enables assessment of (1) the efficacy of the surgery against no surgery; (2) the need for a specific component of the surgery-namely, removal of the bony spur; and (3) quantification of the placebo effect. Concealed allocation was performed using a 1:1:1 randomisation ratio and using age, sex, baseline Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS) and centre as minimisation criteria. The primary outcome measure is the OSS at 6 months post randomisation. A total of 300 patients recruited over 24 months from a minimum of 14 UK shoulder units over 24 months were required to detect a difference of 4.5 points on the OSS (standard deviation, 9) with 90% power and to allow for 15% loss to follow-up. Secondary outcomes include cost-effectiveness, pain, complications and patient satisfaction. A substantial qualitative research component is included. The primary analysis will be conducted on the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Sensitivity analysis will be used to assess the robustness of the results with regard to the underlying assumptions about missing data using multiple imputation.\nDISCUSSION: This trial uses an innovative design to account for the known placebo effects of surgery, but it also will delineate the mechanism for any benefit from surgery. The investigational AO group is considered a placebo intervention (not sham surgery), as it includes all components of subacromial decompression except the critical surgical element. Some discussion is also dedicated to the challenges of conducting placebo surgery trials.\nTRIAL REGISTRATIONS: UK Clinical Research Network UKCRN12104. Registered 22 May 2012. International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial ISRCTN33864128 . Registered 22 June 2012. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01623011 . Registered 15 June 2012.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5137570", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2776235", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1297400", 
        "issn": [
          "1468-6708", 
          "1745-6215"
        ], 
        "name": "Trials", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "16"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The CSAW Study (Can Shoulder Arthroscopy Work?) \u2013 a placebo-controlled surgical intervention trial assessing the clinical and cost effectiveness of arthroscopic subacromial decompression for shoulder pain: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial", 
    "pagination": "210", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "778d3cee73c80215155852c8f5c03fa470eb37d6742d811232214d534165c6bf"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "25956385"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101263253"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1025094731"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025094731"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:11", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000367_0000000367/records_88251_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs13063-015-0725-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

431 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      98 URIs      42 LITERALS      30 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y schema:about N07cb582924e34706b432247d4ee85482
2 N07ed365f25b24302a4dd2d5e9256ea3b
3 N2c40e5ca7086471ebc6486143a155a3c
4 N422937ae77c34067b9f2edd9f4acabfe
5 N4247a20f7c344db69c3d8234d3b6ca75
6 N47bec4a897884c30adab673839aa0cdf
7 N49ca2e4c50974972a0435442678990a9
8 N4d002659e01f45599a85137710905c19
9 N56cf534abf1d4561bf648a7f10d98ec6
10 N5fe4616d796b44dcaba61994a1a1120d
11 N6b50f89acecd4567b028bf7aee3dfa53
12 N6f30b99d0256418faa6f57c0840601fc
13 N80428a62735945a0b1e4ee5231a295ed
14 N95359fd9cdfd4b7e9427b3060ec74c99
15 N973c8b9457d143759e488a79fded191c
16 Nb434ef569a6b4dae94877e01a255bd64
17 Nbb92d611f73542d68a640b4eb1d982bb
18 Nc56adf230e824034afaf593b8361bcfd
19 Nd526f4734b0e469db2224b32b68d1b43
20 Nd8cfc73a89dd4a3d9dcb88190b5beb2d
21 Ndbbc6ddf69fd4235830f345cc18d2f09
22 anzsrc-for:11
23 anzsrc-for:1103
24 schema:author N9eeb32d6c1e940d68f46baa4b1c4ab00
25 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7
26 sg:pub.10.1186/1745-6215-12-78
27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082997870
28 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083344290
29 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd005619.pub2
30 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.mr000013.pub4
31 https://doi.org/10.1002/art.24837
32 https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.1100160515
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-8063(91)90070-e
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2010.02.029
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2008.03.003
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2008.07.007
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2008.02.010
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2014.03.010
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2004.02.006
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2007.02.116
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2008.09.005
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2009.01.010
43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.023
44 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3999(01)00296-3
45 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0749-8063(05)80294-4
46 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1058-2746(99)90134-9
47 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(06)70576-9
48 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa013259
49 https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kei139
50 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198701000-00023
51 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198710000-00007
52 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-200109000-00017
53 https://doi.org/10.1097/blo.0b013e31802fc175
54 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.57.11.649
55 https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.052183
56 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.325.7367.766
57 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.331.7525.1124
58 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g3253
59 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.57.7.433
60 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.11.850
61 https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465020300021801
62 https://doi.org/10.1185/030079906x132488
63 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.73b3.1670435
64 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.79b1.7225
65 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.88b4.16845
66 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.91b10.22094
67 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.91b4.21442
68 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.92b8.22860
69 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200506000-00031
70 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200709000-00004
71 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.00990
72 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01003
73 schema:datePublished 2015-12
74 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-12-01
75 schema:description BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASAD) is a commonly performed surgical intervention for shoulder pain. The rationale is that removal of a bony acromial spur relieves symptoms by decompressing rotator cuff tendons passing through the subacromial space. However, the efficacy of this procedure is uncertain. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of ASAD in patients with subacromial pain using appropriate control groups, including placebo intervention. METHODS/DESIGN: The trial is a three-group, parallel design, pragmatic, randomised controlled study. The intervention content for each group (ASAD, active monitoring with specialist reassessment (AMSR) and investigational shoulder arthroscopy only (AO)) enables assessment of (1) the efficacy of the surgery against no surgery; (2) the need for a specific component of the surgery-namely, removal of the bony spur; and (3) quantification of the placebo effect. Concealed allocation was performed using a 1:1:1 randomisation ratio and using age, sex, baseline Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS) and centre as minimisation criteria. The primary outcome measure is the OSS at 6 months post randomisation. A total of 300 patients recruited over 24 months from a minimum of 14 UK shoulder units over 24 months were required to detect a difference of 4.5 points on the OSS (standard deviation, 9) with 90% power and to allow for 15% loss to follow-up. Secondary outcomes include cost-effectiveness, pain, complications and patient satisfaction. A substantial qualitative research component is included. The primary analysis will be conducted on the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Sensitivity analysis will be used to assess the robustness of the results with regard to the underlying assumptions about missing data using multiple imputation. DISCUSSION: This trial uses an innovative design to account for the known placebo effects of surgery, but it also will delineate the mechanism for any benefit from surgery. The investigational AO group is considered a placebo intervention (not sham surgery), as it includes all components of subacromial decompression except the critical surgical element. Some discussion is also dedicated to the challenges of conducting placebo surgery trials. TRIAL REGISTRATIONS: UK Clinical Research Network UKCRN12104. Registered 22 May 2012. International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial ISRCTN33864128 . Registered 22 June 2012. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01623011 . Registered 15 June 2012.
76 schema:genre research_article
77 schema:inLanguage en
78 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
79 schema:isPartOf Nd2e324c733b846e5b1352f7e25dbfa6c
80 Nd4b115f283b14d13871773da2f20f2fc
81 sg:journal.1297400
82 schema:name The CSAW Study (Can Shoulder Arthroscopy Work?) – a placebo-controlled surgical intervention trial assessing the clinical and cost effectiveness of arthroscopic subacromial decompression for shoulder pain: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
83 schema:pagination 210
84 schema:productId N34d942807a204f04abccb8a243f09109
85 N9525e9cf49794572b3d3ec780b1e5b9f
86 Nbac9f23e69a440f68189246fcbaa93f4
87 Ne50e45064d574c7cb70fcf7780070c54
88 Nf180db4b47574d37ab3738d26a240673
89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025094731
90 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y
91 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:11
92 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
93 schema:sdPublisher Nc23411736c0747ae9079959363a1226d
94 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs13063-015-0725-y
95 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
96 sgo:sdDataset articles
97 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
98 N07cb582924e34706b432247d4ee85482 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Male
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N07ed365f25b24302a4dd2d5e9256ea3b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
102 schema:name Health Care Costs
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 N13f2448c39db4d7fa8adfb64ff4a116d rdf:first sg:person.01005121325.50
105 rdf:rest N8a389908e83048d4b2a20ae40561b8ff
106 N1e38d12d2c8b46a9a4de8f04e72b6c4b rdf:first sg:person.01132000644.20
107 rdf:rest Nc1c4627104fe4ddfb22cf36a2ddbc5ad
108 N2c40e5ca7086471ebc6486143a155a3c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Osteophyte
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N34d942807a204f04abccb8a243f09109 schema:name doi
112 schema:value 10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y
113 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
114 N422937ae77c34067b9f2edd9f4acabfe schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
115 schema:name Clinical Protocols
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 N4247a20f7c344db69c3d8234d3b6ca75 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name Arthroscopy
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 N42af44b33a8e4662acba0d3702c0908f rdf:first N517c28d5748f49a4a98712c784c9602e
121 rdf:rest rdf:nil
122 N47bec4a897884c30adab673839aa0cdf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
123 schema:name Decompression, Surgical
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 N49ca2e4c50974972a0435442678990a9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
126 schema:name Patient Satisfaction
127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
128 N4d002659e01f45599a85137710905c19 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Female
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 N517c28d5748f49a4a98712c784c9602e schema:familyName the CSAW Study Group
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 N56cf534abf1d4561bf648a7f10d98ec6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
134 schema:name Humans
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 N5da7c77ee4b44af0bd1b5c3daa3abdd5 rdf:first sg:person.01254415573.65
137 rdf:rest N13f2448c39db4d7fa8adfb64ff4a116d
138 N5fe4616d796b44dcaba61994a1a1120d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
139 schema:name Predictive Value of Tests
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 N6090db6ecb184f969f8de8400f7c864e rdf:first sg:person.011535537277.51
142 rdf:rest N6fd106c849fc437f8e4f42531583fb7b
143 N692566ae2ce045b7b455f4ab1370cfef rdf:first sg:person.0615551316.29
144 rdf:rest Nacce1a5c5faf4414b629f880373751f1
145 N6b50f89acecd4567b028bf7aee3dfa53 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
146 schema:name Research Design
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 N6f30b99d0256418faa6f57c0840601fc schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
149 schema:name Time Factors
150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
151 N6fd106c849fc437f8e4f42531583fb7b rdf:first sg:person.0642253513.50
152 rdf:rest Na929f4d2059141ca85d7ef99cdbdc785
153 N80428a62735945a0b1e4ee5231a295ed schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
154 schema:name Pain Measurement
155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
156 N8a389908e83048d4b2a20ae40561b8ff rdf:first sg:person.016312052452.22
157 rdf:rest N42af44b33a8e4662acba0d3702c0908f
158 N9525e9cf49794572b3d3ec780b1e5b9f schema:name pubmed_id
159 schema:value 25956385
160 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
161 N95359fd9cdfd4b7e9427b3060ec74c99 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
162 schema:name Cost-Benefit Analysis
163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
164 N973c8b9457d143759e488a79fded191c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
165 schema:name Intention to Treat Analysis
166 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
167 N9eeb32d6c1e940d68f46baa4b1c4ab00 rdf:first sg:person.0772344450.10
168 rdf:rest N692566ae2ce045b7b455f4ab1370cfef
169 Na929f4d2059141ca85d7ef99cdbdc785 rdf:first sg:person.0707745306.52
170 rdf:rest Nd05ded0bb031484384fcf52e55f1d0ab
171 Nacce1a5c5faf4414b629f880373751f1 rdf:first sg:person.01023042246.72
172 rdf:rest N1e38d12d2c8b46a9a4de8f04e72b6c4b
173 Nb434ef569a6b4dae94877e01a255bd64 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
174 schema:name Shoulder Pain
175 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
176 Nb55b0778a6534d1eaede2b0d7eb13ba0 schema:name Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Headington, OX3 9DU, Oxford, UK
177 rdf:type schema:Organization
178 Nba0afd6cfa7b4ff080bd32558f1f5698 rdf:first sg:person.01307325071.02
179 rdf:rest Ne9fefc1fd8ab4e9c921f231b640410c6
180 Nbac9f23e69a440f68189246fcbaa93f4 schema:name readcube_id
181 schema:value 778d3cee73c80215155852c8f5c03fa470eb37d6742d811232214d534165c6bf
182 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
183 Nbb92d611f73542d68a640b4eb1d982bb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
184 schema:name Postoperative Complications
185 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
186 Nc1c4627104fe4ddfb22cf36a2ddbc5ad rdf:first sg:person.016575411532.08
187 rdf:rest Nf2e23101747c44bf8f2c59ddaafc2260
188 Nc23411736c0747ae9079959363a1226d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
189 rdf:type schema:Organization
190 Nc56adf230e824034afaf593b8361bcfd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
191 schema:name Treatment Outcome
192 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
193 Nd05ded0bb031484384fcf52e55f1d0ab rdf:first sg:person.01002445705.05
194 rdf:rest Nf5d7d67c07e94df0a8f594646b8f1234
195 Nd2e324c733b846e5b1352f7e25dbfa6c schema:issueNumber 1
196 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
197 Nd4b115f283b14d13871773da2f20f2fc schema:volumeNumber 16
198 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
199 Nd526f4734b0e469db2224b32b68d1b43 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
200 schema:name Acromion
201 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
202 Nd8cfc73a89dd4a3d9dcb88190b5beb2d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
203 schema:name Sample Size
204 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
205 Ndbbc6ddf69fd4235830f345cc18d2f09 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
206 schema:name United Kingdom
207 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
208 Ne3f2d1dc3f024663acfd77e6e5323b54 rdf:first sg:person.01210523072.60
209 rdf:rest Nffb3bebd2ea141a8955c799870f3f406
210 Ne50e45064d574c7cb70fcf7780070c54 schema:name nlm_unique_id
211 schema:value 101263253
212 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
213 Ne9fefc1fd8ab4e9c921f231b640410c6 rdf:first sg:person.01243562257.02
214 rdf:rest N6090db6ecb184f969f8de8400f7c864e
215 Nf180db4b47574d37ab3738d26a240673 schema:name dimensions_id
216 schema:value pub.1025094731
217 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
218 Nf2e23101747c44bf8f2c59ddaafc2260 rdf:first sg:person.01234751535.50
219 rdf:rest Nba0afd6cfa7b4ff080bd32558f1f5698
220 Nf5d7d67c07e94df0a8f594646b8f1234 rdf:first sg:person.01173147647.20
221 rdf:rest Ne3f2d1dc3f024663acfd77e6e5323b54
222 Nffb3bebd2ea141a8955c799870f3f406 rdf:first sg:person.01017742076.63
223 rdf:rest N5da7c77ee4b44af0bd1b5c3daa3abdd5
224 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
225 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
226 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
227 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
228 schema:name Clinical Sciences
229 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
230 sg:grant.2776235 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y
231 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
232 sg:grant.5137570 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s13063-015-0725-y
233 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
234 sg:journal.1297400 schema:issn 1468-6708
235 1745-6215
236 schema:name Trials
237 rdf:type schema:Periodical
238 sg:person.01002445705.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2
239 schema:familyName Donovan
240 schema:givenName Jenny
241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01002445705.05
242 rdf:type schema:Person
243 sg:person.01005121325.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
244 schema:familyName Dean
245 schema:givenName Benjamin
246 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01005121325.50
247 rdf:type schema:Person
248 sg:person.01017742076.63 schema:affiliation Nb55b0778a6534d1eaede2b0d7eb13ba0
249 schema:familyName Tracey
250 schema:givenName Irene
251 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01017742076.63
252 rdf:type schema:Person
253 sg:person.01023042246.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
254 schema:familyName Rombach
255 schema:givenName Ines
256 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01023042246.72
257 rdf:type schema:Person
258 sg:person.01132000644.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
259 schema:familyName Cooper
260 schema:givenName Cushla
261 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132000644.20
262 rdf:type schema:Person
263 sg:person.011535537277.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
264 schema:familyName Judge
265 schema:givenName Andrew
266 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011535537277.51
267 rdf:type schema:Person
268 sg:person.01173147647.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2
269 schema:familyName Jepson
270 schema:givenName Marcus
271 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01173147647.20
272 rdf:type schema:Person
273 sg:person.01210523072.60 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2
274 schema:familyName Wilson
275 schema:givenName Caroline
276 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01210523072.60
277 rdf:type schema:Person
278 sg:person.01234751535.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
279 schema:familyName Merritt
280 schema:givenName Naomi
281 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01234751535.50
282 rdf:type schema:Person
283 sg:person.01243562257.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
284 schema:familyName Gwilym
285 schema:givenName Stephen
286 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01243562257.02
287 rdf:type schema:Person
288 sg:person.01254415573.65 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
289 schema:familyName Wartolowska
290 schema:givenName Karolina
291 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254415573.65
292 rdf:type schema:Person
293 sg:person.01307325071.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
294 schema:familyName Gray
295 schema:givenName Alastair
296 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01307325071.02
297 rdf:type schema:Person
298 sg:person.016312052452.22 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
299 schema:familyName Carr
300 schema:givenName Andrew
301 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016312052452.22
302 rdf:type schema:Person
303 sg:person.016575411532.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
304 schema:familyName Cook
305 schema:givenName Jonathan
306 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016575411532.08
307 rdf:type schema:Person
308 sg:person.0615551316.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
309 schema:familyName Rees
310 schema:givenName Jonathan
311 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0615551316.29
312 rdf:type schema:Person
313 sg:person.0642253513.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
314 schema:familyName Savulescu
315 schema:givenName Julian
316 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0642253513.50
317 rdf:type schema:Person
318 sg:person.0707745306.52 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
319 schema:familyName Moser
320 schema:givenName Jane
321 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0707745306.52
322 rdf:type schema:Person
323 sg:person.0772344450.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5
324 schema:familyName Beard
325 schema:givenName David
326 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0772344450.10
327 rdf:type schema:Person
328 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053103755
329 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0549-7
330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
331 sg:pub.10.1186/1745-6215-12-78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050865642
332 https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-12-78
333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
334 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082997870 schema:CreativeWork
335 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083344290 schema:CreativeWork
336 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd005619.pub2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012688339
337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
338 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.mr000013.pub4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039341847
339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
340 https://doi.org/10.1002/art.24837 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044898135
341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
342 https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.1100160515 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026179545
343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
344 https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-8063(91)90070-e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004201970
345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
346 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2010.02.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036352801
347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
348 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2008.03.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015438456
349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
350 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2008.07.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013897081
351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
352 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2008.02.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004931405
353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
354 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2014.03.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043472785
355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
356 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2004.02.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008904113
357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
358 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2007.02.116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021070435
359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
360 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2008.09.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038160318
361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
362 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2009.01.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002045224
363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
364 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044046766
365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
366 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3999(01)00296-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008091244
367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
368 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0749-8063(05)80294-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023794928
369 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
370 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1058-2746(99)90134-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036948301
371 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
372 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(06)70576-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013882973
373 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
374 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa013259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008546556
375 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
376 https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kei139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046913648
377 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
378 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198701000-00023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060161944
379 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
380 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198710000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060162317
381 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
382 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-200109000-00017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060168846
383 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
384 https://doi.org/10.1097/blo.0b013e31802fc175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009482717
385 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
386 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.57.11.649 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044996064
387 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
388 https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.052183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021039158
389 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
390 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.325.7367.766 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000514147
391 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
392 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.331.7525.1124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004079455
393 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
394 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g3253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020203893
395 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
396 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.57.7.433 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023946523
397 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
398 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.11.850 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028482414
399 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
400 https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465020300021801 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075019683
401 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
402 https://doi.org/10.1185/030079906x132488 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017232437
403 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
404 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.73b3.1670435 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077242082
405 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
406 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.79b1.7225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064885628
407 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
408 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.88b4.16845 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010040099
409 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
410 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.91b10.22094 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027514815
411 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
412 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.91b4.21442 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033982500
413 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
414 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.92b8.22860 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046987711
415 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
416 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200506000-00031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068896820
417 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
418 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200709000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068897961
419 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
420 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.00990 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901770
421 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
422 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901772
423 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
424 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5 schema:alternateName University of Oxford
425 schema:name Institute for Science and Ethics, University of Oxford, Suite 8, Littlegate House, 16/17 St Ebbe’s Street, OX1 1PT, Oxford, UK
426 Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, The Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7LD, Oxford, UK
427 Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Roosevelt Drive, OX3 7LF, Oxford, UK
428 rdf:type schema:Organization
429 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2 schema:alternateName University of Bristol
430 schema:name School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, BS8 2PS, Bristol, UK
431 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...