Markers of acute kidney injury in patients with sepsis: the role of soluble thrombomodulin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Shinshu Katayama, Shin Nunomiya, Kansuke Koyama, Masahiko Wada, Toshitaka Koinuma, Yuya Goto, Ken Tonai, Jun Shima

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endothelial activation and damage occur early during sepsis, with activated coagulopathy and playing a major role in the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to compare the various biomarkers of endothelial injury with the biomarkers of coagulation and inflammation and to determine a significant predictor of AKI in patients with sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective, observational study on patients with sepsis fulfilling the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock criteria admitted to an adult intensive care unit (ICU) at a university hospital from June 2011 to December 2016. Levels of 13 biomarkers were measured on ICU admission, including markers of endothelial injury (soluble thrombomodulin [sTM], E-selectin, protein C, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1]) and markers of coagulation derangement (platelet count, fibrin degradation product [FDP], prothrombin time [PT], fibrinogen, α2-plasminogen inhibitor [α2-PI], antithrombin III [AT III], plasminogen, thrombin-antithrombin complex, and plasmin-α2-plasmin inhibitor complex). All patients with sepsis were reviewed, and the development of AKI was evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify significant independent predictive factors for AKI. RESULTS: Of the 514 patients admitted with sepsis, 351 (68.3%) developed AKI. Compared with the non-AKI group, all the endothelial biomarkers were significantly different in the AKI group (sTM [23.6 vs. 15.6 U/ml, P < 0.0001], E-selectin [65.5 vs. 46.2 ng/ml, P = 0.0497], PAI-1 [180.4 vs. 75.3 ng/ml, P = 0.018], and protein C [45.9 vs. 58.7 ng/ml, P < 0.0001]). Biomarkers of coagulopathy and inflammation, platelet counts, FDP, PT, α2-PI, AT III, plasminogen, and C-reactive protein were significantly different between the two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that sTM was an independent predictive factor of AKI, with an AUROC of 0.758 (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Endothelial biomarkers were significantly changed in the sepsis patients with AKI. Particularly, sTM was an independent predictive biomarker for the development of AKI that outperformed other coagulation and inflammation biomarkers as well as organ function in patients with sepsis. More... »

PAGES

229

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13054-017-1815-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-017-1815-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091353348

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28841902


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