Malnutrition, morbidity and infection in the informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: an epidemiological study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Maria Vittoria De Vita, Carlo Scolfaro, Bruna Santini, Antonella Lezo, Federico Gobbi, Dora Buonfrate, Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage, Teresiah Macharia, Milka Wanjohi, Jacopo Mattia Rovarini, Gianfranco Morino

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition constitutes one of the major public health challenges throughout the developing world. Urban poverty and malnutrition have been on the rise, with an increased rate of morbidity. We herein explore the relationship between infections and nutritional status and the related association with hygienic conditions as risk of infection in children residing in the slums of Nairobi. METHODS: Case-control study based on a secondary analysis of quantitative data collected from a cluster randomized trial carried out in two slums of Nairobi. The following information about resident children were selected: babies' anthropometric measurements, related life conditions, data on infant-feeding practices, food security, hygiene, immunization coverage and morbidity were collected and updated with structured questionnaires until 12 months of life. Prevalence of malnutrition was calculated, then both bivariate and multivariate analysis were used to explore the relationship between malnutrition and its determinants. RESULTS: The study involved a total of 1119 babies registered at birth (51.28% male and 48.03% female infants). Overall the prevalence of malnutrition was high, with 26.3% of the children being stunted, 6.3% wasted and 13.16% underweight. Prevalence of wasting was higher in the first months of life, while in older children more case of stunting and underweight were captured. Wasted infants were significantly associated with common childhood illnesses: with cough and rapid breathing as well as with diarrhea (p-value< 0.05). Stunting was associated with hygienic conditions (p-value< 0.05 in households that did not perform any water treatment and for children that had a toilet within the house compound), immunization program and low-birth-weight. Moreover, regression analysis showed that significant determinants of stunting were sex and feeding practices. Underweight was significantly associated with socio-demographic factors. CONCLUSIONS: In the specific environment where the study was conducted acute malnutrition is correlated with acute infections, while chronic malnutrition is more influenced by WASH conditions. Therefore, our findings suggest that one cannot separate infection and its risk factors as determinants of the whole malnutrition burden. More... »

PAGES

12

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111399807

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30642368


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Turin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7605.4", 
          "name": [
            "Amici del Mondo - World Friends Onlus / Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, P.O. Box 39433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya", 
            "Department of Pediatrics - Infectious Diseases Unit - Regina Margherita Children\u2019s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy", 
            "World Friends (Kenya) @ Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, Off Thika Rd, opp. Safari Park Hotel, P.O. Box 29433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "De Vita", 
        "givenName": "Maria Vittoria", 
        "id": "sg:person.014710524002.26", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014710524002.26"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Turin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7605.4", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pediatrics - Infectious Diseases Unit - Regina Margherita Children\u2019s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Scolfaro", 
        "givenName": "Carlo", 
        "id": "sg:person.01063757176.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01063757176.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Division of Nutrition, Regina Margherita Children\u2019s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Santini", 
        "givenName": "Bruna", 
        "id": "sg:person.0667406443.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667406443.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Division of Nutrition, Regina Margherita Children\u2019s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lezo", 
        "givenName": "Antonella", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416422.7", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Tropical Diseases, IRCCS-Ospedale Sacro Cuore don Calabria, Negrar, 37024, Verona, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gobbi", 
        "givenName": "Federico", 
        "id": "sg:person.0742733737.13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742733737.13"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416422.7", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Tropical Diseases, IRCCS-Ospedale Sacro Cuore don Calabria, Negrar, 37024, Verona, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Buonfrate", 
        "givenName": "Dora", 
        "id": "sg:person.01301150067.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301150067.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "African Population and Health Research Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5", 
          "name": [
            "African Population and Health Research Centre, APHRC Campus, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kimani-Murage", 
        "givenName": "Elizabeth W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01206351504.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01206351504.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "African Population and Health Research Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5", 
          "name": [
            "African Population and Health Research Centre, APHRC Campus, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Macharia", 
        "givenName": "Teresiah", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "African Population and Health Research Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5", 
          "name": [
            "African Population and Health Research Centre, APHRC Campus, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wanjohi", 
        "givenName": "Milka", 
        "id": "sg:person.0747562360.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0747562360.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Amici del Mondo - World Friends Onlus / Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, P.O. Box 39433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rovarini", 
        "givenName": "Jacopo Mattia", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Amici del Mondo - World Friends Onlus / Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, P.O. Box 39433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Morino", 
        "givenName": "Gianfranco", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.12.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002915575"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1745-6215-14-445", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003280505", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-14-445"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd009382.pub2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003900102"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60549-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007075286"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129943", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012183127"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.06.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013208303"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203756171", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016119723"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02378.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018624896"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02378.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018624896"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/bjn19960057", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019895193"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/bjn19960057", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019895193"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/15648265140352s110", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030101655"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/15648265140352s110", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030101655"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-14-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030129977", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-011-9594-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033930146", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-011-9594-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980000000069", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038806986"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086928", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044931214"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-011-9595-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045256796", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-011-9595-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045472978", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045472978", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493508096206", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045524046"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493508096206", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045524046"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ejcn.2010.197", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046784887", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.197"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60937-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048756359"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0549", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049656795"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0549", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049656795"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0549", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049656795"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-010-9462-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051563137", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-010-9462-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s2040174415007941", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054959191"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.07.044529", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070836973"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33163", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071273154"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33163", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071273154"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.5.1592s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075280877"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1992.47.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077150749"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079782926", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099719716", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099719716", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Malnutrition constitutes one of the major public health challenges throughout the developing world. Urban poverty and malnutrition have been on the rise, with an increased rate of morbidity. We herein explore the relationship between infections and nutritional status and the related association with hygienic conditions as risk of infection in children residing in the slums of Nairobi.\nMETHODS: Case-control study based on a secondary analysis of quantitative data collected from a cluster randomized trial carried out in two slums of Nairobi. The following information about resident children were selected: babies' anthropometric measurements, related life conditions, data on infant-feeding practices, food security, hygiene, immunization coverage and morbidity were collected and updated with structured questionnaires until 12\u2009months of life. Prevalence of malnutrition was calculated, then both bivariate and multivariate analysis were used to explore the relationship between malnutrition and its determinants.\nRESULTS: The study involved a total of 1119 babies registered at birth (51.28% male and 48.03% female infants). Overall the prevalence of malnutrition was high, with 26.3% of the children being stunted, 6.3% wasted and 13.16% underweight. Prevalence of wasting was higher in the first months of life, while in older children more case of stunting and underweight were captured. Wasted infants were significantly associated with common childhood illnesses: with cough and rapid breathing as well as with diarrhea (p-value<\u20090.05). Stunting was associated with hygienic conditions (p-value<\u20090.05 in households that did not perform any water treatment and for children that had a toilet within the house compound), immunization program and low-birth-weight. Moreover, regression analysis showed that significant determinants of stunting were sex and feeding practices. Underweight was significantly associated with socio-demographic factors.\nCONCLUSIONS: In the specific environment where the study was conducted acute malnutrition is correlated with acute infections, while chronic malnutrition is more influenced by WASH conditions. Therefore, our findings suggest that one cannot separate infection and its risk factors as determinants of the whole malnutrition burden.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3638722", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1320494", 
        "issn": [
          "1720-8424", 
          "1824-7288"
        ], 
        "name": "Italian Journal of Pediatrics", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "45"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Malnutrition, morbidity and infection in the informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: an epidemiological study", 
    "pagination": "12", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "034c93d7cf15b7a7c2615dc8aeaccd64529aec073b14b377442a6c626a4b61b5"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30642368"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101510759"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111399807"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111399807"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:41", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000320_0000000320/records_101399_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs13052-019-0607-0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

244 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      57 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author Nc2063ec8ea0f4161aac3c6d3423c6441
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-010-9462-4
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-011-9594-1
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-011-9595-0
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3
8 sg:pub.10.1038/ejcn.2010.197
9 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-14-5
10 sg:pub.10.1186/1745-6215-14-445
11 sg:pub.10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9
12 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079782926
13 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd009382.pub2
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.12.003
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.06.003
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60549-1
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60937-x
18 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980000000069
19 https://doi.org/10.1017/s2040174415007941
20 https://doi.org/10.1079/bjn19960057
21 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.5.1592s
22 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02378.x
23 https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493508096206
24 https://doi.org/10.1177/15648265140352s110
25 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086928
26 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129943
27 https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.07.044529
28 https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33163
29 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1992.47.28
30 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0549
31 https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203756171
32 schema:datePublished 2019-12
33 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
34 schema:description BACKGROUND: Malnutrition constitutes one of the major public health challenges throughout the developing world. Urban poverty and malnutrition have been on the rise, with an increased rate of morbidity. We herein explore the relationship between infections and nutritional status and the related association with hygienic conditions as risk of infection in children residing in the slums of Nairobi. METHODS: Case-control study based on a secondary analysis of quantitative data collected from a cluster randomized trial carried out in two slums of Nairobi. The following information about resident children were selected: babies' anthropometric measurements, related life conditions, data on infant-feeding practices, food security, hygiene, immunization coverage and morbidity were collected and updated with structured questionnaires until 12 months of life. Prevalence of malnutrition was calculated, then both bivariate and multivariate analysis were used to explore the relationship between malnutrition and its determinants. RESULTS: The study involved a total of 1119 babies registered at birth (51.28% male and 48.03% female infants). Overall the prevalence of malnutrition was high, with 26.3% of the children being stunted, 6.3% wasted and 13.16% underweight. Prevalence of wasting was higher in the first months of life, while in older children more case of stunting and underweight were captured. Wasted infants were significantly associated with common childhood illnesses: with cough and rapid breathing as well as with diarrhea (p-value< 0.05). Stunting was associated with hygienic conditions (p-value< 0.05 in households that did not perform any water treatment and for children that had a toilet within the house compound), immunization program and low-birth-weight. Moreover, regression analysis showed that significant determinants of stunting were sex and feeding practices. Underweight was significantly associated with socio-demographic factors. CONCLUSIONS: In the specific environment where the study was conducted acute malnutrition is correlated with acute infections, while chronic malnutrition is more influenced by WASH conditions. Therefore, our findings suggest that one cannot separate infection and its risk factors as determinants of the whole malnutrition burden.
35 schema:genre research_article
36 schema:inLanguage en
37 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
38 schema:isPartOf Nc51d8f56bb8f4da6b7ecd5e28f317058
39 Nd178006d14b74da6bdd547c3a850b7ba
40 sg:journal.1320494
41 schema:name Malnutrition, morbidity and infection in the informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: an epidemiological study
42 schema:pagination 12
43 schema:productId N20dd2cde8a244489a023217e1c3f6bd0
44 N4f2dc2a14bfa40c39bb50aabb8b50211
45 N50dfbf5856e7465f86638a95c10dd592
46 N6ccda82c3b6e4ed1a36e0c15495dbe0c
47 Nf9a524bd34224e0b9877fcb895e3c88e
48 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111399807
49 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0
50 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:41
51 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
52 schema:sdPublisher N0f0c5e9828eb435dace374dab0063465
53 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs13052-019-0607-0
54 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
55 sgo:sdDataset articles
56 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
57 N07e5f94b6c854c69a65bb57fb139d30f schema:name Division of Nutrition, Regina Margherita Children’s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
58 rdf:type schema:Organization
59 N09e0a9417115447db1124857db18c18a rdf:first N2b4fd49deb124935a44c0c234d905f25
60 rdf:rest N39d3432fe8e3410db78552d2e4713f79
61 N0f0c5e9828eb435dace374dab0063465 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
62 rdf:type schema:Organization
63 N16da5732e0f744e48da117f02a4a30bf rdf:first Nf520143d54334cf09784733fd3555353
64 rdf:rest Ne65b40b11bd84075a9e7e788f0480c80
65 N20dd2cde8a244489a023217e1c3f6bd0 schema:name pubmed_id
66 schema:value 30642368
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 N2b4fd49deb124935a44c0c234d905f25 schema:affiliation N485c9d918e174bd5bed8a6fe79777a72
69 schema:familyName Rovarini
70 schema:givenName Jacopo Mattia
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 N39d3432fe8e3410db78552d2e4713f79 rdf:first Na33d9ec3e4cd486cb85c53064b66d30b
73 rdf:rest rdf:nil
74 N485c9d918e174bd5bed8a6fe79777a72 schema:name Amici del Mondo - World Friends Onlus / Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, P.O. Box 39433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya
75 rdf:type schema:Organization
76 N4f2dc2a14bfa40c39bb50aabb8b50211 schema:name nlm_unique_id
77 schema:value 101510759
78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
79 N50dfbf5856e7465f86638a95c10dd592 schema:name readcube_id
80 schema:value 034c93d7cf15b7a7c2615dc8aeaccd64529aec073b14b377442a6c626a4b61b5
81 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
82 N6ccda82c3b6e4ed1a36e0c15495dbe0c schema:name doi
83 schema:value 10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0
84 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
85 N86eb0c5ed7304bfd905a64b467d29706 rdf:first sg:person.0742733737.13
86 rdf:rest Nd996554150584f70be1f309cfeee6806
87 N9b270226759640a988b8b36bc03b01ab schema:name Amici del Mondo - World Friends Onlus / Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, P.O. Box 39433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya
88 rdf:type schema:Organization
89 Na33d9ec3e4cd486cb85c53064b66d30b schema:affiliation N9b270226759640a988b8b36bc03b01ab
90 schema:familyName Morino
91 schema:givenName Gianfranco
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 Nacbd406dc38a46288a3783b9e15a3edd schema:name Division of Nutrition, Regina Margherita Children’s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
94 rdf:type schema:Organization
95 Nc2063ec8ea0f4161aac3c6d3423c6441 rdf:first sg:person.014710524002.26
96 rdf:rest Nc386a2aafd7644ee8be0049341c44401
97 Nc386a2aafd7644ee8be0049341c44401 rdf:first sg:person.01063757176.14
98 rdf:rest Nf76021440dbf4305a359232b76be8ba3
99 Nc4ba35247fb84414984bb93cb428caa8 schema:affiliation N07e5f94b6c854c69a65bb57fb139d30f
100 schema:familyName Lezo
101 schema:givenName Antonella
102 rdf:type schema:Person
103 Nc51d8f56bb8f4da6b7ecd5e28f317058 schema:issueNumber 1
104 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
105 Nce87f46bac5244eea68e57f9c047f56b rdf:first Nc4ba35247fb84414984bb93cb428caa8
106 rdf:rest N86eb0c5ed7304bfd905a64b467d29706
107 Nd178006d14b74da6bdd547c3a850b7ba schema:volumeNumber 45
108 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
109 Nd5f9f7108aba471aa37f93d27d6c345e rdf:first sg:person.01206351504.08
110 rdf:rest N16da5732e0f744e48da117f02a4a30bf
111 Nd996554150584f70be1f309cfeee6806 rdf:first sg:person.01301150067.65
112 rdf:rest Nd5f9f7108aba471aa37f93d27d6c345e
113 Ne65b40b11bd84075a9e7e788f0480c80 rdf:first sg:person.0747562360.07
114 rdf:rest N09e0a9417115447db1124857db18c18a
115 Nf520143d54334cf09784733fd3555353 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5
116 schema:familyName Macharia
117 schema:givenName Teresiah
118 rdf:type schema:Person
119 Nf76021440dbf4305a359232b76be8ba3 rdf:first sg:person.0667406443.54
120 rdf:rest Nce87f46bac5244eea68e57f9c047f56b
121 Nf9a524bd34224e0b9877fcb895e3c88e schema:name dimensions_id
122 schema:value pub.1111399807
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
125 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
128 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 sg:grant.3638722 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s13052-019-0607-0
131 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
132 sg:journal.1320494 schema:issn 1720-8424
133 1824-7288
134 schema:name Italian Journal of Pediatrics
135 rdf:type schema:Periodical
136 sg:person.01063757176.14 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7605.4
137 schema:familyName Scolfaro
138 schema:givenName Carlo
139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01063757176.14
140 rdf:type schema:Person
141 sg:person.01206351504.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5
142 schema:familyName Kimani-Murage
143 schema:givenName Elizabeth W.
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01206351504.08
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:person.01301150067.65 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416422.7
147 schema:familyName Buonfrate
148 schema:givenName Dora
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301150067.65
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.014710524002.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7605.4
152 schema:familyName De Vita
153 schema:givenName Maria Vittoria
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014710524002.26
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:person.0667406443.54 schema:affiliation Nacbd406dc38a46288a3783b9e15a3edd
157 schema:familyName Santini
158 schema:givenName Bruna
159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667406443.54
160 rdf:type schema:Person
161 sg:person.0742733737.13 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416422.7
162 schema:familyName Gobbi
163 schema:givenName Federico
164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742733737.13
165 rdf:type schema:Person
166 sg:person.0747562360.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5
167 schema:familyName Wanjohi
168 schema:givenName Milka
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0747562360.07
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-010-9462-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051563137
172 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-010-9462-4
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-011-9594-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033930146
175 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-011-9594-1
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-011-9595-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045256796
178 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-011-9595-0
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 sg:pub.10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045472978
181 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9894-3
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 sg:pub.10.1038/ejcn.2010.197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046784887
184 https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.197
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-14-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030129977
187 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-5
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 sg:pub.10.1186/1745-6215-14-445 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003280505
190 https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-14-445
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 sg:pub.10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099719716
193 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079782926 schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd009382.pub2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003900102
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.12.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002915575
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.06.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013208303
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60549-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007075286
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60937-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048756359
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
206 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980000000069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038806986
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 https://doi.org/10.1017/s2040174415007941 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054959191
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 https://doi.org/10.1079/bjn19960057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019895193
211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
212 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.5.1592s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075280877
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02378.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018624896
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493508096206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045524046
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1177/15648265140352s110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030101655
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086928 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044931214
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129943 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012183127
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.07.044529 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070836973
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071273154
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1992.47.28 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077150749
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0549 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049656795
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203756171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016119723
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413355.5 schema:alternateName African Population and Health Research Center
235 schema:name African Population and Health Research Centre, APHRC Campus, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
236 rdf:type schema:Organization
237 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416422.7 schema:alternateName Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria
238 schema:name Centre for Tropical Diseases, IRCCS-Ospedale Sacro Cuore don Calabria, Negrar, 37024, Verona, Italy
239 rdf:type schema:Organization
240 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7605.4 schema:alternateName University of Turin
241 schema:name Amici del Mondo - World Friends Onlus / Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, P.O. Box 39433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya
242 Department of Pediatrics - Infectious Diseases Unit - Regina Margherita Children’s Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
243 World Friends (Kenya) @ Ruaraka Uhai Neema Hospital, Off Thika Rd, opp. Safari Park Hotel, P.O. Box 29433-00623, Nairobi, Kenya
244 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...