KAI1(CD82) is a key molecule to control angiogenesis and switch angiogenic milieu to quiescent state View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-09-16

AUTHORS

Jin-Woo Lee, Jin Hur, Yoo-Wook Kwon, Cheong-Whan Chae, Jae-Il Choi, Injoo Hwang, Ji-Yeon Yun, Jin-A Kang, Young-Eun Choi, Young Hyun Kim, Sang Eun Lee, Cheol Lee, Dong Hyun Jo, Heeyoung Seok, Byong Seung Cho, Sung Hee Baek, Hyo-Soo Kim

ABSTRACT

BackgroundLittle is known about endogenous inhibitors of angiogenic growth factors. In this study, we identified a novel endogenous anti-angiogenic factor expressed in pericytes and clarified its underlying mechanism and clinical significance.MethodsHerein, we found Kai1 knockout mice showed significantly enhanced angiogenesis. Then, we investigated the anti-angiogenic roll of Kai1 in vitro and in vivo.ResultsKAI1 was mainly expressed in pericytes rather than in endothelial cells. It localized at the membrane surface after palmitoylation by zDHHC4 enzyme and induced LIF through the Src/p53 pathway. LIF released from pericytes in turn suppressed angiogenic factors in endothelial cells as well as in pericytes themselves, leading to inhibition of angiogenesis. Interestingly, KAI1 had another mechanism to inhibit angiogenesis: It directly bound to VEGF and PDGF and inhibited activation of their receptors. In the two different in vivo cancer models, KAI1 supplementation significantly inhibited tumor angiogenesis and growth. A peptide derived from the large extracellular loop of KAI1 has been shown to have anti-angiogenic effects to block the progression of breast cancer and retinal neovascularization in vivo.ConclusionsKAI1 from PC is a novel molecular regulator that counterbalances the effect of angiogenic factors. More... »

PAGES

148

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Journal of Hematology & Oncology

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    14

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13045-021-01147-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13045-021-01147-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141170935

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34530889


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