Temperament and character traits in female adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Taru Tschan, Claudia Peter-Ruf, Marc Schmid, Tina In-Albon

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task. RESULTS: Adolescents with NSSI disorder scored significantly higher on novelty seeking and harm avoidance and lower on persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness than CC. The NSSI + BPD group scored even higher than the NSSI - BPD group on novelty seeking and harm avoidance and lower on persistence and cooperativeness (d ≥ 0.72). Adolescents with NSSI reported higher levels of impulsivity than the CC and NC group. However, this difference was not found in a Go/NoGo task. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide further evidence for a distinct diagnostic entity of NSSI disorder. More... »

PAGES

4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13034-016-0142-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-016-0142-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006599102

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28101133


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