Caudal lumbar spinal cysts in two French Bulldogs View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Kiona Sharon de Nies, Ralph Alexander Edwards, Niklas Bergknut, Martijn Beukers, Björn Petrus Meij

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spinal cysts are rare findings in veterinary medicine, but they are increasingly recognized due to the availability of advanced imaging techniques. Extradural meningeal cysts in French Bulldogs have not been reported previously and arachnoid cysts (diverticula) have not been reported at the caudal lumbar (L6-L7) region in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: Two French Bulldogs, aged 5 and 8 years, were referred for evaluation of lower back pain and bilateral hind limb neurological deficits. Neurologic examination revealed ataxia and postural deficits in both dogs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed cauda equina compression due to a cyst-like lesion at the level of L6-L7 in both cases. The dogs underwent dorsal laminectomy and the meningeal cyst was completely removed in one dog and in the other dog the spinal arachnoid diverticula was marsupialized. In Case 1, histopathology of the cysts was performed and MRI was repeated. Both dogs were pain free during follow-up evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: Based on radiological, intra-operative and histopathological findings, the first case was diagnosed as a meningocele connected by a pedicle to the caudal tip of the dural sac forming a dural diverticulum categorized as an extradural spinal cyst type Ib, and Case 2 as a type III intradural arachnoid diverticula. It is concluded that spinal cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis of cauda equina syndrome and lower back pain in French Bulldogs. Results of these cases may be useful for diagnostic and treatment management. More... »

PAGES

14

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13028-018-0368-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0368-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101279277

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29490674


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