Preoperative anterior coverage of the medial acetabulum can predict postoperative anterior coverage and range of motion after periacetabular osteotomy: a ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-08-10

AUTHORS

Shinya Hayashi, Shingo Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Tomoyuki Kamenaga, Takahiro Niikura, Ryosuke Kuroda

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that preoperative pelvic morphology may affect postoperative anterior coverage and postoperative clinical range of motion (ROM) leading to postoperative pincer type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between preoperative bone morphology and postoperative ROMs to prevent postoperative FAI after periacetabular osteotomy. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients (71 hips) with hip dysplasia participated in this study and underwent curved PAO. The acetabular fragment was usually moved only by lateral rotation of the acetabulum, without intraoperative anterior or posterior rotation. The pre- and postoperative three-dimensional center-edge (CE) angles were measured and compared to the postoperative ROM. RESULTS: Preoperative medial anterior CE angle was significantly associated with postoperative anterior CE angle, and the correlation coefficient of medial anterior CE and postoperative anterior CE was higher than the coefficient of preoperative anterior CE and postoperative anterior CE (preoperative anterior CE, rr = 0.27, p = 0.020; preoperative medial anterior CE, rr = 0.54, p < 0.001). Femoral anteversion correlated with postoperative internal rotation angle at 90° flexion (r = 0.32, p = 0.021). In multiple linear regressions, postoperative internal rotation angle at 90° flexion angle was significantly affected by both medial CE angle through the medial one fourth of femoral head and femoral anteversion. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative medial anterior acetabular coverage was associated with postoperative anterior acetabular coverage. Further, the combination with preoperative medial anterior acetabular coverage and femoral anteversion can predict postoperative internal rotation at 90° flexion. Therefore, the direction of acetabular reorientation should be carefully considered when the patients have high preoperative medial anterior CE angle and small femoral anteversion. More... »

PAGES

312

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13018-020-01818-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-020-01818-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1130021156

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32778126


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