Altered microRNA profile during fracture healing in rats with diabetes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-04-07

AUTHORS

Shunsuke Takahara, Sang Yang Lee, Takashi Iwakura, Keisuke Oe, Tomoaki Fukui, Etsuko Okumachi, Michio Arakura, Yoshitada Sakai, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Takehiko Matsushita, Ryosuke Kuroda, Takahiro Niikura

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression. There is increasing evidence that some miRNAs are involved in the pathology of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications. We hypothesized that the functions of certain miRNAs and the changes in their patterns of expression may contribute to the pathogenesis of impaired fractures due to DM. METHODS: In this study, 108 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into DM and control groups. DM rats were created by a single intravenous injection of streptozotocin. Closed transverse femoral shaft fractures were created in both groups. On post-fracture days 5, 7, 11, 14, 21, and 28, miRNA was extracted from the newly generated tissue at the fracture site. Microarray analysis was conducted with miRNA samples from each group on post-fracture days 5 and 11. The microarray findings were validated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis at each time point. RESULTS: Microarray analysis revealed that, on days 5 and 11, 368 and 207 miRNAs, respectively, were upregulated in the DM group, compared with the control group. The top four miRNAs on day 5 were miR-339-3p, miR451-5p, miR-532-5p, and miR-551b-3p. The top four miRNAs on day 11 were miR-221-3p, miR376a-3p, miR-379-3p, and miR-379-5p. Among these miRNAs, miR-221-3p, miR-339-3p, miR-376a-3p, miR-379-5p, and miR-451-5p were validated by real-time PCR analysis. Furthermore, PCR analysis revealed that these five miRNAs were differentially expressed with dynamic expression patterns during fracture healing in the DM group, compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings will aid in understanding the pathology of impaired fracture healing in DM and may support the development of molecular therapies using miRNAs for the treatment of impaired fracture healing in patients with DM. More... »

PAGES

135

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13018-020-01658-x

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-020-01658-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126275179

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32264968


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