Post-radiation sinusitis is associated with recurrence in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Chih-Jen Huang, Ming-Yii Huang, Ming-Chen Paul Shih, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Ka-Wo Lee, Tzu-Ying Lu, Shyng-Shiou Yuan, Pen-Tzu Fang

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of post-radiation sinusitis on the prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). METHODS: Two hundred and thirty patients with non-metastatic NPC were analyzed in terms of freedom from local failure (FFLF), freedom from distant failure (FFDF), overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS). For each patient, the status of the sinus mucosa was flexibly assessed by documenting mucosal changes as indicated by differences between images obtained before radiotherapy and more than 6 months post-radiation. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 39.7 months (8 to 81 months), 19 (8.26%) patients relapsed locally, 13 (5.65%) patients failed in the neck, and 26 (11.3%) patients developed distant metastases. The presence of sinusitis noted in images post-radiation was a significant predictor for DFS (p = 0.001), FFLF (p = 0.004), and FFDF (p = 0.015), in addition to having high negative predictive value for local relapse (97.5%). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to investigate the prognostic value of post-radiation sinusitis in NPC patients treated with IMRT. Post-radiation sinusitis was found to be a significant predictor for DFS, FFLF, and FFDF, and was also found to have high negative predictive value for local recurrence (97.5%). It may thus be used as an additional tool for clinicians to determine the possibility of recurrence. More... »

PAGES

61

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13014-019-1261-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13014-019-1261-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113355614

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30971260


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37 schema:description BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of post-radiation sinusitis on the prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). METHODS: Two hundred and thirty patients with non-metastatic NPC were analyzed in terms of freedom from local failure (FFLF), freedom from distant failure (FFDF), overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS). For each patient, the status of the sinus mucosa was flexibly assessed by documenting mucosal changes as indicated by differences between images obtained before radiotherapy and more than 6 months post-radiation. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 39.7 months (8 to 81 months), 19 (8.26%) patients relapsed locally, 13 (5.65%) patients failed in the neck, and 26 (11.3%) patients developed distant metastases. The presence of sinusitis noted in images post-radiation was a significant predictor for DFS (p = 0.001), FFLF (p = 0.004), and FFDF (p = 0.015), in addition to having high negative predictive value for local relapse (97.5%). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to investigate the prognostic value of post-radiation sinusitis in NPC patients treated with IMRT. Post-radiation sinusitis was found to be a significant predictor for DFS, FFLF, and FFDF, and was also found to have high negative predictive value for local recurrence (97.5%). It may thus be used as an additional tool for clinicians to determine the possibility of recurrence.
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