Defective HIV-1 genomes and their potential impact on HIV pathogenesis View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-06-28

AUTHORS

Jeffrey Kuniholm, Carolyn Coote, Andrew J. Henderson

ABSTRACT

Defective HIV-1 proviruses represent a population of viral genomes that are selected for by immune pressures, and clonally expanded to dominate the persistent HIV-1 proviral genome landscape. There are examples of RNA and protein expression from these compromised genomes which are generated by a variety of mechanisms. Despite the evidence that these proviruses are transcribed and translated, their role in HIV pathogenesis has not been fully explored. The potential for these genomes to participate in immune stimulation is particularly relevant considering the accumulation of cells harboring these defective proviruses over the course of antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV. The expression of defective proviruses in different cells and tissues could drive innate sensing mechanisms and inflammation. They may also alter antiviral T cell responses and myeloid cell functions that directly contribute to HIV-1 associated chronic comorbidities. Understanding the impact of these defective proviruses needs to be considered as we advance cure strategies that focus on targeting the diverse population of HIV-1 proviral genomes.Graphical abstract More... »

PAGES

13

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12977-022-00601-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12977-022-00601-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149003889

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35764966


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