New insights into the heterogeneity of Th17 subsets contributing to HIV-1 persistence during antiretroviral therapy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-08-24

AUTHORS

Vanessa Sue Wacleche, Jean-Philippe Goulet, Annie Gosselin, Patricia Monteiro, Hugo Soudeyns, Rémi Fromentin, Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Shant Vartanian, Steven G. Deeks, Nicolas Chomont, Jean-Pierre Routy, Petronela Ancuta

ABSTRACT

BackgroundTh17 cells are permissive to HIV-1 infection and their depletion from the gut of infected individuals leads to microbial translocation, a major cause for non-AIDS co-morbidities. Most recent evidence supports the contribution of long-lived Th17 cells to HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the identity of long-lived Th17 cells remains unknown.ResultsHere, we performed an in-depth transcriptional and functional characterization of four distinct Th17 subsets and investigated their contribution to HIV reservoir persistence during ART. In addition to the previously characterized CCR6+CCR4+ (Th17) and CCR6+CXCR3+ (Th1Th17) subsets, we reveal the existence of two novel CCR6+ subsets, lacking (double negative, CCR6+DN) or co-expressing CXCR3 and CCR4 (double positive, CCR6+DP). The four subsets shared multiple Th17-polarization markers, a fraction of cells proliferated in response to C. albicans, and exhibited lineage commitment and plasticity when cultured under Th17 and Th1 conditions, respectively. Of note, fractions of CCR6+DN and Th17 demonstrated stable Th17-lineage commitment under Th1-polarization conditions. Among the four subsets, CCR6+DN expressed a unique transcriptional signature indicative of early Th17 development (IL-17F, STAT3), lymph-node homing (CCR7, CD62L), follicular help (CXCR5, BCL6, ASCL2), and self-renewal (LEFI, MYC, TERC). Cross sectional and longitudinal studies demonstrated that CCR6+DN cells were the most predominant CCR6+ subset in the blood before and after ART initiation; high frequencies of these cells were similarly observed in inguinal lymph nodes of individuals receiving long-term ART. Importantly, replication competent HIV was isolated from CCR6+DN of ART-treated individuals.ConclusionsTogether, these results provide new insights into the functional heterogeneity of Th17-polarized CCR6+CD4+ T-cells and support the major contribution of CCR6+DN cells to HIV persistence during ART. More... »

PAGES

59

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12977-016-0293-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12977-016-0293-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036953841

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27553844


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        "description": "BackgroundTh17 cells are permissive to HIV-1 infection and their depletion from the gut of infected individuals leads to microbial translocation, a major cause for non-AIDS co-morbidities. Most recent evidence supports the contribution of long-lived Th17 cells to HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the identity of long-lived Th17 cells remains unknown.ResultsHere, we performed an in-depth transcriptional and functional characterization of four distinct Th17 subsets and investigated their contribution to HIV reservoir persistence during ART. In addition to the previously characterized CCR6+CCR4+ (Th17) and CCR6+CXCR3+ (Th1Th17) subsets, we reveal the existence of two novel CCR6+ subsets, lacking (double negative, CCR6+DN) or co-expressing CXCR3 and CCR4 (double positive, CCR6+DP). The four subsets shared multiple Th17-polarization markers, a fraction of cells proliferated in response to C. albicans, and exhibited lineage commitment and plasticity when cultured under Th17 and Th1 conditions, respectively. Of note, fractions of CCR6+DN and Th17 demonstrated stable Th17-lineage commitment under Th1-polarization conditions. Among the four subsets, CCR6+DN expressed a unique transcriptional signature indicative of early Th17 development (IL-17F, STAT3), lymph-node homing (CCR7, CD62L), follicular help (CXCR5, BCL6, ASCL2), and self-renewal (LEFI, MYC, TERC). Cross sectional and longitudinal studies demonstrated that CCR6+DN cells were the most predominant CCR6+ subset in the blood before and after ART initiation; high frequencies of these cells were similarly observed in inguinal lymph nodes of individuals receiving long-term ART. Importantly, replication competent HIV was isolated from CCR6+DN of ART-treated individuals.ConclusionsTogether, these results provide new insights into the functional heterogeneity of Th17-polarized CCR6+CD4+ T-cells and support the major contribution of CCR6+DN cells to HIV persistence during ART.", 
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