Cerebrospinal fluid level of Nogo receptor 1 antagonist lateral olfactory tract usher substance (LOTUS) correlates inversely with the extent of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-02-17

AUTHORS

Keita Takahashi, Hideyuki Takeuchi, Yuji Kurihara, Hiroshi Doi, Misako Kunii, Kenichi Tanaka, Haruko Nakamura, Ryoko Fukai, Atsuko Tomita-Katsumoto, Mikiko Tada, Yuichi Higashiyama, Hideto Joki, Shigeru Koyano, Kohtaro Takei, Fumiaki Tanaka

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although inflammation in the central nervous system is responsible for multiple neurological diseases, the lack of appropriate biomarkers makes it difficult to evaluate inflammatory activities in these diseases. Therefore, a new biomarker reflecting neuroinflammation is required for accurate diagnosis, appropriate therapy, and comprehension of pathogenesis of these neurological disorders. We previously reported that the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of lateral olfactory tract usher substance (LOTUS), which promotes axonal growth as a Nogo receptor 1 antagonist, negatively correlates with disease activity in multiple sclerosis, suggesting that variation in LOTUS reflects the inflammatory activities and is a useful biomarker to evaluate the disease activity. To extend this observation, we analyzed the variation of LOTUS in the CSF of patients with bacterial and viral meningitis, which are the most common neuroinflammatory diseases. METHODS: CSF samples were retrospectively obtained from patients with meningitis (n = 40), who were followed up by CSF study at least twice, and from healthy controls (n = 27). Patients were divided into bacterial (n = 14) and viral meningitis (n = 18) after exclusion of eight patients according to the criteria of this study. LOTUS concentrations, total protein levels, and CSF cell counts in the acute and recovery phases were analyzed chronologically. We also used lipopolysaccharide-injected mice as a model of neuroinflammation to evaluate LOTUS mRNA and protein expression in the brain. RESULTS: Regardless of whether meningitis was viral or bacterial, LOTUS concentrations in the CSF of patients in acute phase were lower than those of healthy controls. As the patients recovered from meningitis, LOTUS levels in the CSF returned to the normal range. Lipopolysaccharide-injected mice also exhibited reduced LOTUS mRNA and protein expression in the brain. CONCLUSIONS: CSF levels of LOTUS correlated inversely with disease activity in both bacterial and viral meningitis, as well as in multiple sclerosis, because neuroinflammation downregulated LOTUS expression. Our data strongly suggest that variation of CSF LOTUS is associated with neuroinflammation and is useful as a biomarker for a broader range of neuroinflammatory diseases. More... »

PAGES

46

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12974-018-1084-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12974-018-1084-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101082198

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29454354


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