Hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of extracts from Salvia—Nelumbinis naturalis against nonalcoholic steatohepatitis induced by methionine- and choline-deficient diet in mice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

Yang Liu, Haiyan Song, Lei Wang, Hanchen Xu, Xiangbing Shu, Li Zhang, Ying Li, Dongfei Li, Guang Ji

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the advanced stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease that is characterized by both steatosis and severe injury in liver, still lacks efficient treatment. The traditional Chinese formula Salvia-Nelumbinis naturalis (SNN) is effectively applied to improve the symptoms of nonalcoholic simple fatty liver (NAFL) patients. Previous studies have confirmed that SNN could reduce the liver lipid deposition and serum transaminases of NAFL experimental models. This study aims to determine whether SNN is effective for murine NASH model and investigate the underlying pharmacological mechanisms. METHODS: C57BL/6 J mice were fed with methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet for six weeks to induce NASH. Simultaneously, SNN or saline was intragastrically administered daily to the mice in the SNN or model group, respectively. A standard diet was given to the control mice. Serum biochemical indices and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured. Liver histopathology was observed, and the contents of triglycerides and lipid peroxide malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver homogenates were evaluated. The hepatic expression and/or activation of genes associated with inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress were determined by quantitative RT-PCR or Western blot analysis. RESULTS: The prominent liver steatosis displayed in the NASH model was prevented by SNN. The liver injury of NASH mice was obviously manifested by the increased levels of serum transaminases and bilirubin, as well as the lobular inflammation, elevated pro-inflammatory cytokines, and upregulated apoptosis in liver tissues. SNN administration improved the aforementioned pathological changes. The increased hepatic levels of MDA and cytochrome P450 2E1 of the model confirmed the unregulated balance of oxidative stress. The hepatic expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and its target genes decreased, whereas c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation in the model mice increased. Treating the mice with SNN significantly improved oxidative stress-related harmful factors. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that SNN can protect the liver from severe steatosis and damage induced by MCD diet, which suggests the potential use of SNN on the treatment of NASH patient. The results also indicate that improving the hepatic antioxidant capability of the liver may contribute to the underlying hepatoprotective mechanism. More... »

PAGES

315

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12967-014-0315-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12967-014-0315-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006246415

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25406833


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