What alternative and innovative domestic methods of healthcare financing can be explored to fix the current claims reimbursement challenges by ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-10-09

AUTHORS

Alexander Suuk Laar, Michael Asare, Philip Ayizem Dalinjong

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Low-and-middle -income countries (LMICs), to achieve sustainable universal health coverage (UHC) governments are implementing local and sustainable methods of healthcare financing. However, in Ghana, there is limited evidence on these local methods for healthcare financing to inform policy. This study aimed at exploring health managers views on alternative domestic and sustainable methods of healthcare financing for UHC under the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). METHODS: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 16 health facility managers were held. The health facilities and participants were selected using convenience and purposive sampling methods. A written consent was obtained from participants prior to participation in the interview. Data was transcribed verbatim and analyzed using thematic framework approach. RESULTS: Health managers across all the health facilities mentioned delayed and erratic claims reimbursement to health facilities as the main challenge. Participants attributed the main reason to lack of funds by the National Health Insurance Authority (NHIA). They said the delayed and irregular payments has been a challenge to efficient delivery of quality healthcare to clients. That in some instances they have been compelled to demand cash or out-of-pocket payment from insured clients or insurance card bearers to be able to render needed healthcare services to them. Participants think that to ensure regular reimbursement of claims to the health facilities by the NHIA, the managers think alternative local sources of funding need to be explored to fill the funding gap. To put in place this, they suggested the need to start levying special taxes on natural resources such as crude oil and gas, gold, bauxite, cocoa, mobile money transfers, airtime and increasing the proportion of levies on the existing Value Added Tax (VAT). CONCLUSION: The study provides important insights into potential innovative alternative domestic sources for raising additional funds to finance healthcare services in Ghana. Despite the potential of these sources, it is important for governments and health policy makers in Ghana and other LMICs who are working towards implementing innovative local methods using special levies on mobile communication services and natural resources to finance their UHC, to implement those that best suit their economies to ensure equity for better health. More... »

PAGES

69

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12962-021-00323-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12962-021-00323-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141760197

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34627287


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