Comparison of cost effectiveness between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (vats) and open lobectomy: a retrospective study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-08-28

AUTHORS

Wei Chen, Zhanwu Yu, Yichen Zhang, Hongxu Liu

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is highly prevalent in Chinese population. The association of operative approach with economic burden in these patients remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This institution-level cohort study aimed to compare the cost-related clinical outcomes and health care costs among patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open lobectomy, and to investigate the factors associated with the costs. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients who underwent VATS or open lobectomy in a provincial referral cancer center in China in 2018. Propensity score matching (PSM) method was applied to balance the baseline characteristics in VATS lobectomy and open lobectomy group. Clinical effectiveness measures included post-operative blood transfusion, lung infection, and length of stay (LOS). Hospitalization costs were extracted from hospital information system to assess economic burden. Multivariable generalized linear model (GLM) with gamma probability distribution and log-link was used to analyze the factors associated with total costs. RESULTS: After PSM, 376 patients were selected in the analytic sample. Compared to open lobectomy group, the VATS lobectomy group had a lower blood transfusion rate (2.13% vs. 3.19%, P = 0.75), lower lung infection rate (21.28% vs. 39.89%, P < 0.001) and shorter post-operative LOS (9.4 ± 3.22 days vs. 10.86 ± 4.69 days, P < 0.001). Total hospitalization costs of VATS lobectomy group and open lobectomy were similar: Renminbi (RMB) 84398.03 ± 13616.13, RMB 81,964.92 ± 16748.11, respectively (P = 0.12). Total non-surgery costs were significantly lower in the VATS lobectomy group than in the open lobectomy group: RMB 41948.40 ± 7747.54 vs. RMB 45752.36 ± 10346.42 (P < 0.001). VATS approach, lung infection, longer post-operative length of stay, health insurance coverage, and lung cancer diagnosis were associated with higher total hospitalization costs (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: VATS lobectomy has a lower lung infection rate, and shorter post-operative LOS than open lobectomy. Future studies are needed to investigate other aspects of clinical effectiveness and the economic burden from a societal perspective. More... »

PAGES

55

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12962-021-00307-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12962-021-00307-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140708663

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34454507


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