Building health research systems: WHO is generating global perspectives, and who’s celebrating national successes? View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Stephen R. Hanney, Miguel A. González-Block

ABSTRACT

In 2016, England's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) celebrated its tenth anniversary as an innovative national health research system with a focus on meeting patients' needs. This provides a good opportunity to reflect on how the creation of the NIHR has greatly enhanced important work, started in 1991, to develop a health research system in England that is embedded in the National Health Service.In 2004, WHO identified a range of functions that a national health research system should undertake to improve the health of populations. Health Research Policy and Systems (HRPS) has taken particular interest in the pioneering developments in the English health research system, where the comprehensive approach has covered most, if not all, of the functions identified by WHO. Furthermore, several significant recent developments in thinking about health research are relevant for the NIHR and have informed accounts of its achievements. These include recognition of the need to combat waste in health research, which had been identified as a global problem in successive papers in the Lancet, and an increasing emphasis on demonstrating impact. Here, pioneering evaluation of United Kingdom research, conducted through the impact case studies of the Research Excellence Framework, is particularly important. Analyses informed by these and other approaches identified many aspects of NIHR's progress in combating waste, building and sustaining research capacity, creating centres of research excellence linked to leading healthcare institutions, developing research networks, involving patients and others in identifying research needs, and producing and adopting research findings that are improving health outcomes.The NIHR's overall success, and an analysis of the remaining problems, might have lessons for other systems, notwithstanding important advances in many countries, as described in papers in HRPS and elsewhere. WHO's recently established Global Observatory for Health Research and Development provides an opportunity to promote some of these lessons. To inform its work, the Observatory is sponsoring a thematic series of papers in HRPS focusing on health research issues such as funding flows, priority setting, capacity building, utilisation and equity. While important papers on these have been published, this series is still open to new submissions. More... »

PAGES

90

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-12. Informing the establishment of the WHO Global Observatory on Health Research and Development: a call for papers in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. The West African Health Organization’s experience in improving the health research environment in the ECOWAS region in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2015-12. How long does biomedical research take? Studying the time taken between biomedical and health research and its translation into products, policy, and practice in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. A global call for action to include gender in research impact assessment in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Dengue research networks: building evidence for policy and planning in Brazil in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2015-12. Health research improves healthcare: now we have the evidence and the chance to help the WHO spread such benefits globally in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2015-12. Comparing research investment to United Kingdom institutions and published outputs for tuberculosis, HIV and malaria: a systematic analysis across 1997–2013 in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2010-12. Who needs what from a national health research system:lessons from reforms to the English Department of Health's R&D system in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2015-12. The development of ORACLe: a measure of an organisation’s capacity to engage in evidence-informed health policy in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Developing the African national health research systems barometer in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2014-12. Features of successful bids for funding of applied health research: a cohort study in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Research ethics committees in the regulation of clinical research: comparison of Finland to England, Canada, and the United States in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Implementing a national health research for development platform in a low-income country – a review of Malawi’s Health Research Capacity Strengthening Initiative in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. The 10 largest public and philanthropic funders of health research in the world: what they fund and how they distribute their funds in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2012-12. Studying policy implementation using a macro, meso and micro frame analysis: the case of the Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research & Care (CLAHRC) programme nationally and in North West London in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Health systems research in fragile and conflict-affected states: a research agenda-setting exercise in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Health policy and systems research and analysis in Nigeria: examining health policymakers’ and researchers’ capacity assets, needs and perspectives in south-east Nigeria in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. United Kingdom health research analyses and the benefits of shared data in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Global health equity in United Kingdom university research: a landscape of current policies and practices in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2015-12. The NIHR Public Health Research Programme: responding to local authority research needs in the United Kingdom in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2016-12. Integrating and evaluating sex and gender in health research in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2013-12. Organising health research systems as a key to improving health: the World Health Report 2013 and how to make further progress in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
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    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12961-016-0160-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020123401

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28031041


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    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0160-x'

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