Financing and collaboration on research and development for nodding syndrome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Christine Årdal, John-Arne Røttingen

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nodding syndrome is a neurological disease with no known cure or treatment, impacting children aged 3-18 years old, mainly in East Africa. Children progressively develop varying degrees of cognitive impairment which may lead to severe wasting, a vegetative state and, eventually, death. Despite its 50-year existence, little is known about its cause, risk factors and prognosis. It is a disease where markets will not provide solutions because the patients are both too few and too poor, making it especially neglected. Open source innovation has been recommended as an approach to neglected disease research in order to maximize available funding through greater collaboration and openness to results. Nodding syndrome is a useful case to examine the relevance of open source innovation. METHODS: We assessed the magnitude of research related to nodding syndrome, its availability, financing and the amount of collaboration. We surveyed researchers regarding their motivations, attitudes toward open source innovation concepts and barriers to greater collaboration. RESULTS: Little research is occurring for nodding syndrome, but it is openly available and researchers are highly collaborative. The disease is largely unknown, which is partly attributed to WHO not classifying nodding syndrome as a neglected tropical disease and not including it in any formal programme. Impacted countries, particularly Uganda, demonstrate a strong degree of ownership through both authorship and research financing. Nodding syndrome researchers have been allocated a total of €5 million from 2013 to 2019 in grant funding. Annual financing, due to three new grants, doubled from 2014 to 2015. CONCLUSIONS: Nodding syndrome, a disease previously ignored by the international community, is starting to receive greater attention, although financing remains modest. If infectious, a larger epidemic could take the world by surprise. Open source innovation can likely help by sharing research protocols (to avoid duplication) and early research results (to adjust to the findings of others). The existing scientists have already endorsed open source innovation, but increased financing is needed. The support of just a few high-income countries could reap a large impact. More... »

PAGES

19

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026535778

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26983551


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Africa, Eastern", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biomedical Research", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cooperative Behavior", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Information Dissemination", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Neglected Diseases", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nodding Syndrome", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Research Design", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Norwegian Institute of Public Health", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418193.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of International Public Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "\u00c5rdal", 
        "givenName": "Christine", 
        "id": "sg:person.0657474211.42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0657474211.42"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Harvard University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c", 
          "name": [
            "Infection Control and Environmental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway", 
            "Department of Health Management and Health Economics, Institute for Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway", 
            "Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "R\u00f8ttingen", 
        "givenName": "John-Arne", 
        "id": "sg:person.01207073626.16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207073626.16"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mde.1360", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001932344"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.10.027", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007397776"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1965.tb04970.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021671940"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6296(91)90001-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022500596"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2015.11.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023423255"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i2.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026645155"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i2.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026645155"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.12483", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028409672"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4505-9-36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037221172", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-9-36"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12421", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039319327"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0838", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043842501"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002540", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047380440"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117150", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050194783"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117150", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050194783"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12417", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050451477"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.9734/bjmmr/2015/14595", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074134023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078942732", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Nodding syndrome is a neurological disease with no known cure or treatment, impacting children aged 3-18 years old, mainly in East Africa. Children progressively develop varying degrees of cognitive impairment which may lead to severe wasting, a vegetative state and, eventually, death. Despite its 50-year existence, little is known about its cause, risk factors and prognosis. It is a disease where markets will not provide solutions because the patients are both too few and too poor, making it especially neglected. Open source innovation has been recommended as an approach to neglected disease research in order to maximize available funding through greater collaboration and openness to results. Nodding syndrome is a useful case to examine the relevance of open source innovation.\nMETHODS: We assessed the magnitude of research related to nodding syndrome, its availability, financing and the amount of collaboration. We surveyed researchers regarding their motivations, attitudes toward open source innovation concepts and barriers to greater collaboration.\nRESULTS: Little research is occurring for nodding syndrome, but it is openly available and researchers are highly collaborative. The disease is largely unknown, which is partly attributed to WHO not classifying nodding syndrome as a neglected tropical disease and not including it in any formal programme. Impacted countries, particularly Uganda, demonstrate a strong degree of ownership through both authorship and research financing. Nodding syndrome researchers have been allocated a total of \u20ac5 million from 2013 to 2019 in grant funding. Annual financing, due to three new grants, doubled from 2014 to 2015.\nCONCLUSIONS: Nodding syndrome, a disease previously ignored by the international community, is starting to receive greater attention, although financing remains modest. If infectious, a larger epidemic could take the world by surprise. Open source innovation can likely help by sharing research protocols (to avoid duplication) and early research results (to adjust to the findings of others). The existing scientists have already endorsed open source innovation, but increased financing is needed. The support of just a few high-income countries could reap a large impact.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.4674892", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1032049", 
        "issn": [
          "1478-4505"
        ], 
        "name": "Health Research Policy and Systems", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "14"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Financing and collaboration on research and development for nodding syndrome", 
    "pagination": "19", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "7e6b06bead3fa4e1de44b728dd830279f3f1e1e38e5a24450ebd2ba7b9e78a41"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "26983551"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101170481"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1026535778"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026535778"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T13:25", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8659_00000550.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12961-016-0091-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

159 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      52 URIs      29 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6 schema:about N07f2210b33c54aa2905988f8c18400b0
2 N0b8f1949a6014309a5f16200363ed4e9
3 N18ee56847d2746c5b5ddb1701345600e
4 N4bc88dcc457d4a7fa4ef302980040696
5 N60dc6be81379453ba688d9fba266cce5
6 N9a96b9b840044b108390a2f2e982159c
7 Na64713b84930408390428d11ae826a1c
8 Nfc6e34a6d40b431a97e0b3bb03ff22fb
9 anzsrc-for:11
10 anzsrc-for:1117
11 schema:author N7d31599501d046bfa8b55b9d5ef5bdca
12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4505-9-36
13 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078942732
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/mde.1360
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6296(91)90001-4
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2015.11.001
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.10.027
18 https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.12483
19 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1965.tb04970.x
20 https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12417
21 https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12421
22 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002540
23 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117150
24 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0838
25 https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i2.1
26 https://doi.org/10.9734/bjmmr/2015/14595
27 schema:datePublished 2016-12
28 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-12-01
29 schema:description BACKGROUND: Nodding syndrome is a neurological disease with no known cure or treatment, impacting children aged 3-18 years old, mainly in East Africa. Children progressively develop varying degrees of cognitive impairment which may lead to severe wasting, a vegetative state and, eventually, death. Despite its 50-year existence, little is known about its cause, risk factors and prognosis. It is a disease where markets will not provide solutions because the patients are both too few and too poor, making it especially neglected. Open source innovation has been recommended as an approach to neglected disease research in order to maximize available funding through greater collaboration and openness to results. Nodding syndrome is a useful case to examine the relevance of open source innovation. METHODS: We assessed the magnitude of research related to nodding syndrome, its availability, financing and the amount of collaboration. We surveyed researchers regarding their motivations, attitudes toward open source innovation concepts and barriers to greater collaboration. RESULTS: Little research is occurring for nodding syndrome, but it is openly available and researchers are highly collaborative. The disease is largely unknown, which is partly attributed to WHO not classifying nodding syndrome as a neglected tropical disease and not including it in any formal programme. Impacted countries, particularly Uganda, demonstrate a strong degree of ownership through both authorship and research financing. Nodding syndrome researchers have been allocated a total of €5 million from 2013 to 2019 in grant funding. Annual financing, due to three new grants, doubled from 2014 to 2015. CONCLUSIONS: Nodding syndrome, a disease previously ignored by the international community, is starting to receive greater attention, although financing remains modest. If infectious, a larger epidemic could take the world by surprise. Open source innovation can likely help by sharing research protocols (to avoid duplication) and early research results (to adjust to the findings of others). The existing scientists have already endorsed open source innovation, but increased financing is needed. The support of just a few high-income countries could reap a large impact.
30 schema:genre research_article
31 schema:inLanguage en
32 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
33 schema:isPartOf Nd1221cc7812a4eaea15d6f1bd6e8357a
34 Nf075e23fd7cf485a923d034fa92c5885
35 sg:journal.1032049
36 schema:name Financing and collaboration on research and development for nodding syndrome
37 schema:pagination 19
38 schema:productId N37e2efa8951f4089af5a39e0f0b0096f
39 N4c0231beb0c141ecb1c3b7d3ff569d8f
40 N5c7c7fb583e5493da340a30a3151c3b8
41 N63e4a88f1dbb4a92b43e0bf0a168ac07
42 Ne854e22a029747ae8ca3b757927ccb5b
43 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026535778
44 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6
45 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T13:25
46 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
47 schema:sdPublisher Nca82a13d546944699e944dc5a42948c3
48 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12961-016-0091-6
49 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
50 sgo:sdDataset articles
51 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
52 N07f2210b33c54aa2905988f8c18400b0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
53 schema:name Neglected Diseases
54 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
55 N0b8f1949a6014309a5f16200363ed4e9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
56 schema:name Nodding Syndrome
57 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
58 N18ee56847d2746c5b5ddb1701345600e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
59 schema:name Cooperative Behavior
60 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
61 N37e2efa8951f4089af5a39e0f0b0096f schema:name pubmed_id
62 schema:value 26983551
63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
64 N4bc88dcc457d4a7fa4ef302980040696 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
65 schema:name Biomedical Research
66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
67 N4c0231beb0c141ecb1c3b7d3ff569d8f schema:name readcube_id
68 schema:value 7e6b06bead3fa4e1de44b728dd830279f3f1e1e38e5a24450ebd2ba7b9e78a41
69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
70 N5c7c7fb583e5493da340a30a3151c3b8 schema:name nlm_unique_id
71 schema:value 101170481
72 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
73 N60dc6be81379453ba688d9fba266cce5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
74 schema:name Humans
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 N63e4a88f1dbb4a92b43e0bf0a168ac07 schema:name doi
77 schema:value 10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6
78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
79 N7d31599501d046bfa8b55b9d5ef5bdca rdf:first sg:person.0657474211.42
80 rdf:rest Nc861da0a4fec49e3bc67ea7e8f5e9802
81 N9a96b9b840044b108390a2f2e982159c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
82 schema:name Africa, Eastern
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 Na64713b84930408390428d11ae826a1c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Information Dissemination
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 Nc861da0a4fec49e3bc67ea7e8f5e9802 rdf:first sg:person.01207073626.16
88 rdf:rest rdf:nil
89 Nca82a13d546944699e944dc5a42948c3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
90 rdf:type schema:Organization
91 Nd1221cc7812a4eaea15d6f1bd6e8357a schema:issueNumber 1
92 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
93 Ne854e22a029747ae8ca3b757927ccb5b schema:name dimensions_id
94 schema:value pub.1026535778
95 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
96 Nf075e23fd7cf485a923d034fa92c5885 schema:volumeNumber 14
97 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
98 Nfc6e34a6d40b431a97e0b3bb03ff22fb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Research Design
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
102 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
105 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 sg:grant.4674892 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12961-016-0091-6
108 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
109 sg:journal.1032049 schema:issn 1478-4505
110 schema:name Health Research Policy and Systems
111 rdf:type schema:Periodical
112 sg:person.01207073626.16 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c
113 schema:familyName Røttingen
114 schema:givenName John-Arne
115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207073626.16
116 rdf:type schema:Person
117 sg:person.0657474211.42 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418193.6
118 schema:familyName Årdal
119 schema:givenName Christine
120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0657474211.42
121 rdf:type schema:Person
122 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4505-9-36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037221172
123 https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-9-36
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078942732 schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1002/mde.1360 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001932344
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6296(91)90001-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022500596
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2015.11.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023423255
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.10.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007397776
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.12483 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028409672
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1965.tb04970.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021671940
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12417 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050451477
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12421 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039319327
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002540 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047380440
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050194783
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0838 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043842501
147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
148 https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i2.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026645155
149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
150 https://doi.org/10.9734/bjmmr/2015/14595 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074134023
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c schema:alternateName Harvard University
153 schema:name Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
154 Department of Health Management and Health Economics, Institute for Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
155 Infection Control and Environmental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
156 rdf:type schema:Organization
157 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418193.6 schema:alternateName Norwegian Institute of Public Health
158 schema:name Department of International Public Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
159 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...