Towards a framework for analyzing determinants of performance of community health workers in malaria prevention and control: a systematic review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Helen Mwiinga Chipukuma, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Choolwe Jacobs, Gershom Chongwe, Mumbi Chola, Hikabasa Halwiindi, Jessy Zgambo, Charles Michelo

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are an important human resource in improving coverage of and success to interventions aimed at reducing malaria incidence. Evidence suggests that the performance of CHWs in malaria programs varies in different contexts. However, comprehensive frameworks, based on systematic reviews, to guide the analysis of determinants of performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs are lacking. METHODS: We systematically searched Google Scholar, Science Direct, and PubMed including reference lists that had English language publications. We included 16 full text articles that evaluated CHW performance in malaria control. Search terms were used and studies that had performance as an outcome of interest attributed to community-based interventions done by CHWs were included. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included in the final review and were mostly on malaria Rapid Diagnosis and Treatment, as well as adherence to referral guidelines. Factors determining performance and effective implementation of CHW malaria programs included health system factors such as nature of training of CHWs; type of supervision including feedback process; availability of stocks, supplies, and job aids; nature of work environment and reporting systems; availability of financial resources and transport systems; types of remuneration; health staff confidence in CHWs; and workload. In addition, community dynamics such as nature of community connectedness and support from the community and utilization of services by the community also influenced performance. Furthermore, community health worker characteristics such marital status, sex, and CHW confidence levels also shaped CHW performance. CONCLUSIONS: Effectively analyzing and promoting the performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs may require adopting a framework that considers health systems and community factors as well as community health worker characteristics. More... »

PAGES

22

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-12. Performance of community health workers managing malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea under the community case management programme in central Uganda: a cross sectional study in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-12. Performance of community health workers under integrated community case management of childhood illnesses in eastern Uganda in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2016-12. Evaluation of the operational challenges in implementing reactive screen-and-treat and implications of reactive case detection strategies for malaria elimination in a region of low transmission in southern Zambia in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-12. Scaling-up malaria treatment: a review of the performance of different providers in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2015-12. Utilization of community health workers for malaria treatment: results from a three-year panel study in the districts of Kaya and Zorgho, Burkina Faso in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-12. Scale-up of community-based malaria control can be achieved without degrading community health workers' service quality: the Village Malaria Worker project in Cambodia in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2010-12. Assessing the quality of service of village malaria workers to strengthen community-based malaria control in Cambodia in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2014-12. Comparison of a mobile phone-based malaria reporting system with source participant register data for capturing spatial and temporal trends in epidemiological indicators of malaria transmission collected by community health workers in rural Zambia in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-12. Factors associated with utilization of community health workers in improving access to malaria treatment among children in Kenya in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2015-12. Motivation or demotivation of health workers providing maternal health services in rural areas in Vietnam: findings from a mixed-methods study in HUMAN RESOURCES FOR HEALTH
  • 2015-06. Individual and contextual factors associated with community health workers’ performance in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a multilevel analysis in BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
  • 2011-12. Community case management of malaria using ACT and RDT in two districts in Zambia: achieving high adherence to test results using community health workers in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-12. Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of its causes in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-12. Promoting community knowledge and action for malaria control in rural Cambodia: potential contributions of Village Malaria Workers in BMC RESEARCH NOTES
  • 2014-12. Hope and despair: community health assistants’ experiences of working in a rural district in Zambia in HUMAN RESOURCES FOR HEALTH
  • 2013-12. Developing the national community health assistant strategy in Zambia: a policy analysis in HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS
  • 2009-12. The role of community health workers in improving child health programmes in Mali in BMC INTERNATIONAL HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS
  • 2011-12. Thirty years after Alma-Ata: a systematic review of the impact of community health workers delivering curative interventions against malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea on child mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa in HUMAN RESOURCES FOR HEALTH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103880631

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29739394


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Community Health Workers", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Delivery of Health Care", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Malaria", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Personnel Management", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Professional Competence", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Residence Characteristics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Work Performance", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Health Policy Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chipukuma", 
            "givenName": "Helen Mwiinga", 
            "id": "sg:person.013437566712.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013437566712.11"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Health Promotion Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zulu", 
            "givenName": "Joseph Mumba", 
            "id": "sg:person.01160053151.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160053151.19"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jacobs", 
            "givenName": "Choolwe", 
            "id": "sg:person.0721174106.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0721174106.71"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chongwe", 
            "givenName": "Gershom", 
            "id": "sg:person.01166065110.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166065110.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chola", 
            "givenName": "Mumbi", 
            "id": "sg:person.014225063475.39", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014225063475.39"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Environmental Health Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Halwiindi", 
            "givenName": "Hikabasa", 
            "id": "sg:person.0712765125.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712765125.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zgambo", 
            "givenName": "Jessy", 
            "id": "sg:person.015161570077.32", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015161570077.32"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zambia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Michelo", 
            "givenName": "Charles", 
            "id": "sg:person.0742356725.21", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742356725.21"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-414", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001286483", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-414"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000340", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003738305"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1756-0500-5-405", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003821223", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-5-405"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-10-158", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005601179", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-13-367", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010572372", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-367"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)60325-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010587173"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24085", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018030134"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12960-015-0092-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018842835", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960-015-0092-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0759", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020168429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0759", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020168429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0759", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020168429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0094", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020908891"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0094", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020908891"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0094", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020908891"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021922512", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-9-109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022078551", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-109"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-122", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027562514", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-122"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4505-11-24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033430294", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-11-24"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czu033", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035674255"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019753", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036377462"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-015-1117-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036869114", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-1117-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4491-12-30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038095932", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-12-30"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihs008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038322518"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1472-698x-9-28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038421133", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-698x-9-28"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040255904", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040255904", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-248", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041718246", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-248"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4491-9-27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042672481", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-9-27"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044100416", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044100416", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-13-489", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046783566", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-489"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0800", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052062332"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0800", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052062332"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0800", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052062332"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-282", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052915754", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-282"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068846278"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.91.10.1617", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068877973"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33194", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071273156"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33194", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071273156"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are an important human resource in improving coverage of and success to interventions aimed at reducing malaria incidence. Evidence suggests that the performance of CHWs in malaria programs varies in different contexts. However, comprehensive frameworks, based on systematic reviews, to guide the analysis of determinants of performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs are lacking.\nMETHODS: We systematically searched Google Scholar, Science Direct, and PubMed including reference lists that had English language publications. We included 16 full text articles that evaluated CHW performance in malaria control. Search terms were used and studies that had performance as an outcome of interest attributed to community-based interventions done by CHWs were included.\nRESULTS: Sixteen studies were included in the final review and were mostly on malaria Rapid Diagnosis and Treatment, as well as adherence to referral guidelines. Factors determining performance and effective implementation of CHW malaria programs included health system factors such as nature of training of CHWs; type of supervision including feedback process; availability of stocks, supplies, and job aids; nature of work environment and reporting systems; availability of financial resources and transport systems; types of remuneration; health staff confidence in CHWs; and workload. In addition, community dynamics such as nature of community connectedness and support from the community and utilization of services by the community also influenced performance. Furthermore, community health worker characteristics such marital status, sex, and CHW confidence levels also shaped CHW performance.\nCONCLUSIONS: Effectively analyzing and promoting the performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs may require adopting a framework that considers health systems and community factors as well as community health worker characteristics.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1032052", 
            "issn": [
              "0859-8037", 
              "1478-4491"
            ], 
            "name": "Human Resources for Health", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "16"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Towards a framework for analyzing determinants of performance of community health workers in malaria prevention and control: a systematic review", 
        "pagination": "22", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "6d987d55fa7186f3e805d0ba5563ca1f18f976090825156d0bfaf39860c141d1"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "29739394"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101170535"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1103880631"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103880631"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:04", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89826_00000003.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12960-018-0284-x"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    261 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      67 URIs      29 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x schema:about N4147585d491b4b46a313afd2d34726b1
    2 N42201a14616a45fcaaed62df017b249e
    3 N75c2b294f1d8471e9f8c73b08fc04835
    4 N775228cf6d824a388c971edfc6e82874
    5 N8d040d60d11f4458a289f032075c9471
    6 N948f08c2058447419b54f28e091c7a9e
    7 Ndc7ee6b728134feb867cd373d516fe71
    8 Ne98e4f873c2242a28384cb10ec9a9aab
    9 anzsrc-for:11
    10 anzsrc-for:1117
    11 schema:author Nc30338422ba44a9a9da75ac289c12212
    12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1472-698x-9-28
    13 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-10-158
    14 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-122
    15 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-248
    16 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-282
    17 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-4
    18 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-414
    19 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-13-367
    20 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-13-489
    21 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-9-109
    22 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4491-12-30
    23 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4491-9-27
    24 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4505-11-24
    25 sg:pub.10.1186/1756-0500-5-405
    26 sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-015-1117-4
    27 sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9
    28 sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x
    29 sg:pub.10.1186/s12960-015-0092-5
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)60325-0
    31 https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czu033
    32 https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihs008
    33 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000340
    34 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019753
    35 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301102
    36 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.91.10.1617
    37 https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24085
    38 https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33194
    39 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0094
    40 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0759
    41 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0800
    42 schema:datePublished 2018-12
    43 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
    44 schema:description BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are an important human resource in improving coverage of and success to interventions aimed at reducing malaria incidence. Evidence suggests that the performance of CHWs in malaria programs varies in different contexts. However, comprehensive frameworks, based on systematic reviews, to guide the analysis of determinants of performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs are lacking. METHODS: We systematically searched Google Scholar, Science Direct, and PubMed including reference lists that had English language publications. We included 16 full text articles that evaluated CHW performance in malaria control. Search terms were used and studies that had performance as an outcome of interest attributed to community-based interventions done by CHWs were included. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included in the final review and were mostly on malaria Rapid Diagnosis and Treatment, as well as adherence to referral guidelines. Factors determining performance and effective implementation of CHW malaria programs included health system factors such as nature of training of CHWs; type of supervision including feedback process; availability of stocks, supplies, and job aids; nature of work environment and reporting systems; availability of financial resources and transport systems; types of remuneration; health staff confidence in CHWs; and workload. In addition, community dynamics such as nature of community connectedness and support from the community and utilization of services by the community also influenced performance. Furthermore, community health worker characteristics such marital status, sex, and CHW confidence levels also shaped CHW performance. CONCLUSIONS: Effectively analyzing and promoting the performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs may require adopting a framework that considers health systems and community factors as well as community health worker characteristics.
    45 schema:genre research_article
    46 schema:inLanguage en
    47 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    48 schema:isPartOf N107a5d0468294c0f8fcdf2cec18fcbfd
    49 Nb7ea3695288c493aadb0a616699b783a
    50 sg:journal.1032052
    51 schema:name Towards a framework for analyzing determinants of performance of community health workers in malaria prevention and control: a systematic review
    52 schema:pagination 22
    53 schema:productId N2a38bf4b08564873b8ebf7d6799211df
    54 N4a6487ca9ad04e9e9d2b2c6e2c8c03c8
    55 N5e5dd194d9bd49cea1d92d2b877c8487
    56 Na995db7a6b5d47c2a1624f459ce9201f
    57 Nfd6c3a9c8ee04e4799c0f2d076a49303
    58 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103880631
    59 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x
    60 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:04
    61 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    62 schema:sdPublisher Nffd3d729741147848b95827cb3938052
    63 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12960-018-0284-x
    64 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    65 sgo:sdDataset articles
    66 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    67 N107a5d0468294c0f8fcdf2cec18fcbfd schema:volumeNumber 16
    68 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    69 N2a38bf4b08564873b8ebf7d6799211df schema:name pubmed_id
    70 schema:value 29739394
    71 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    72 N4147585d491b4b46a313afd2d34726b1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    73 schema:name Work Performance
    74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    75 N42201a14616a45fcaaed62df017b249e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    76 schema:name Humans
    77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    78 N4a6487ca9ad04e9e9d2b2c6e2c8c03c8 schema:name dimensions_id
    79 schema:value pub.1103880631
    80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    81 N4ea32f02161a4f9facb930c8d0f47cf9 rdf:first sg:person.014225063475.39
    82 rdf:rest N856c4b94ea00436a8b9b3538ec15a42e
    83 N5e5dd194d9bd49cea1d92d2b877c8487 schema:name readcube_id
    84 schema:value 6d987d55fa7186f3e805d0ba5563ca1f18f976090825156d0bfaf39860c141d1
    85 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    86 N6771f28063694dc4bcd05de427eb8fa4 rdf:first sg:person.0742356725.21
    87 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    88 N75c2b294f1d8471e9f8c73b08fc04835 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    89 schema:name Residence Characteristics
    90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    91 N775228cf6d824a388c971edfc6e82874 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    92 schema:name Community Health Workers
    93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    94 N856c4b94ea00436a8b9b3538ec15a42e rdf:first sg:person.0712765125.87
    95 rdf:rest Nc05866cf72e242d895f6b2429cd1cad0
    96 N8d040d60d11f4458a289f032075c9471 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    97 schema:name Delivery of Health Care
    98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    99 N948f08c2058447419b54f28e091c7a9e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    100 schema:name Professional Competence
    101 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    102 Na995db7a6b5d47c2a1624f459ce9201f schema:name doi
    103 schema:value 10.1186/s12960-018-0284-x
    104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    105 Nb2d3fb1fbf5a407587e4bf7c13d59811 rdf:first sg:person.0721174106.71
    106 rdf:rest Nb2f3683dd1c844cb8d1cb7b8c4753f0a
    107 Nb2f3683dd1c844cb8d1cb7b8c4753f0a rdf:first sg:person.01166065110.51
    108 rdf:rest N4ea32f02161a4f9facb930c8d0f47cf9
    109 Nb7ea3695288c493aadb0a616699b783a schema:issueNumber 1
    110 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    111 Nc05866cf72e242d895f6b2429cd1cad0 rdf:first sg:person.015161570077.32
    112 rdf:rest N6771f28063694dc4bcd05de427eb8fa4
    113 Nc30338422ba44a9a9da75ac289c12212 rdf:first sg:person.013437566712.11
    114 rdf:rest Ncaa5ea3803804e0b8a557f56ef595d96
    115 Ncaa5ea3803804e0b8a557f56ef595d96 rdf:first sg:person.01160053151.19
    116 rdf:rest Nb2d3fb1fbf5a407587e4bf7c13d59811
    117 Ndc7ee6b728134feb867cd373d516fe71 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    118 schema:name Malaria
    119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    120 Ne98e4f873c2242a28384cb10ec9a9aab schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    121 schema:name Personnel Management
    122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    123 Nfd6c3a9c8ee04e4799c0f2d076a49303 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    124 schema:value 101170535
    125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    126 Nffd3d729741147848b95827cb3938052 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    127 rdf:type schema:Organization
    128 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    129 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    131 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    132 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    134 sg:journal.1032052 schema:issn 0859-8037
    135 1478-4491
    136 schema:name Human Resources for Health
    137 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    138 sg:person.01160053151.19 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    139 schema:familyName Zulu
    140 schema:givenName Joseph Mumba
    141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160053151.19
    142 rdf:type schema:Person
    143 sg:person.01166065110.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    144 schema:familyName Chongwe
    145 schema:givenName Gershom
    146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166065110.51
    147 rdf:type schema:Person
    148 sg:person.013437566712.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    149 schema:familyName Chipukuma
    150 schema:givenName Helen Mwiinga
    151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013437566712.11
    152 rdf:type schema:Person
    153 sg:person.014225063475.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    154 schema:familyName Chola
    155 schema:givenName Mumbi
    156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014225063475.39
    157 rdf:type schema:Person
    158 sg:person.015161570077.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    159 schema:familyName Zgambo
    160 schema:givenName Jessy
    161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015161570077.32
    162 rdf:type schema:Person
    163 sg:person.0712765125.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    164 schema:familyName Halwiindi
    165 schema:givenName Hikabasa
    166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712765125.87
    167 rdf:type schema:Person
    168 sg:person.0721174106.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    169 schema:familyName Jacobs
    170 schema:givenName Choolwe
    171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0721174106.71
    172 rdf:type schema:Person
    173 sg:person.0742356725.21 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36
    174 schema:familyName Michelo
    175 schema:givenName Charles
    176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742356725.21
    177 rdf:type schema:Person
    178 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-698x-9-28 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038421133
    179 https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-698x-9-28
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-10-158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005601179
    182 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-158
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027562514
    185 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-122
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041718246
    188 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-248
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-282 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052915754
    191 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-282
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021922512
    194 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-4
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-414 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001286483
    197 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-414
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-13-367 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010572372
    200 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-367
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-13-489 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046783566
    203 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-489
    204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    205 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-9-109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022078551
    206 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-109
    207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    208 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4491-12-30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038095932
    209 https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-12-30
    210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    211 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4491-9-27 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042672481
    212 https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-9-27
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-4505-11-24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033430294
    215 https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-11-24
    216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    217 sg:pub.10.1186/1756-0500-5-405 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003821223
    218 https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-5-405
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-015-1117-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036869114
    221 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-1117-4
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044100416
    224 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-015-0591-9
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 sg:pub.10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040255904
    227 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-016-1460-x
    228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    229 sg:pub.10.1186/s12960-015-0092-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018842835
    230 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960-015-0092-5
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)60325-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010587173
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czu033 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035674255
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihs008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038322518
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000340 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003738305
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019753 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036377462
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068846278
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.91.10.1617 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068877973
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24085 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018030134
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.33194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071273156
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0094 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020908891
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0759 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020168429
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0800 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052062332
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12984.36 schema:alternateName University of Zambia
    257 schema:name Department of Environmental Health Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia
    258 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia
    259 Department of Health Policy Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia
    260 Department of Health Promotion Unit, School of Public Health, University of Zambia, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia
    261 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...