Women and barriers to harm reduction services: a literature review and initial findings from a qualitative study in Barcelona, Spain View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-10-19

AUTHORS

Sam Shirley-Beavan, Aura Roig, Naomi Burke-Shyne, Colleen Daniels, Robert Csak

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThere are an estimated 3.2 million women who inject drugs worldwide, constituting 20% of all people who inject drugs. The limited data that are available suggest that women who inject drugs are at greater risk of HIV and viral hepatitis acquisition than men who inject drugs. This increased vulnerability is a product of a range of environmental, social and individual factors affecting women, which also affect their ability to engage in health promoting services such as harm reduction.MethodsThe researchers undertook a narrative literature review examining access to harm reduction services for women who use drugs in Europe and conducted semi-structured focus groups with women who use drugs and harm reduction and prison health workers in Barcelona, Spain.ResultsWomen who use drugs face multiple barriers to accessing harm reduction services. These include stigma, both in society in general and from health and harm reduction workers in prisons and in the community; gender-based violence and a lack of services that are equipped to address the interaction between drug use and experiences of violence; criminalisation in the form of legal barriers to access, arrest and harassment from law enforcement, and incarceration; and a lack of services focused on the specific needs of women, notably sexual and reproductive health services and childcare. In Barcelona, participants reported experiencing all these barriers, and that their engagement with the Metzineres harm reduction centre had to some extent mitigated them. However, women continued to experience structural barriers to harm reduction service access.ConclusionsWomen and gender non-conforming people who use drugs face unique barriers to accessing harm reduction services. While services such as Metzineres can be life changing and life affirming for its members, it is incumbent on states to act to address the structural barriers to health faced by women who use drugs. More... »

PAGES

78

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-12-27. The Paradigm of Universal Access to HIV-Treatment and Human Rights Violation: How Do We Treat HIV-Positive People Who Use Drugs? in CURRENT HIV/AIDS REPORTS
  • 2009-10-24. Survey of abuses against injecting drug users in Indonesia in HARM REDUCTION JOURNAL
  • 2016-06-16. A qualitative study of how Danish drug consumption rooms influence health and well-being among people who use drugs in HARM REDUCTION JOURNAL
  • 2019-05-09. Testing for Hepatitis C in Pregnancy: the Time Has Come for Routine Rather than Risk-Based in CURRENT HEPATOLOGY REPORTS
  • 2019-02-15. Stigma in health facilities: why it matters and how we can change it in BMC MEDICINE
  • 2009-07-28. From Conceptualizing to Measuring HIV Stigma: A Review of HIV Stigma Mechanism Measures in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2015-10-16. Social context, diversity and risk among women who inject drugs in Vietnam: descriptive findings from a cross-sectional survey in HARM REDUCTION JOURNAL
  • 2019-02-15. The Health Stigma and Discrimination Framework: a global, crosscutting framework to inform research, intervention development, and policy on health-related stigmas in BMC MEDICINE
  • 2017-04-12. Making connections across silos: intimate partner violence, mental health, and substance use in BMC WOMEN'S HEALTH
  • 2009-11-20. Integrated programs for women with substance use issues and their children: a qualitative meta-synthesis of processes and outcomes in HARM REDUCTION JOURNAL
  • 2014-04-18. “Amar te Duele” (“Love Hurts”): Sexual Relationship Power, Intimate Partner Violence, Depression Symptoms and HIV Risk Among Female Sex Workers Who Use Drugs and Their Non-commercial, Steady Partners in Mexico in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131885644

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33076931


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Female", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "HIV Infections", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Harm Reduction", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Health Services Accessibility", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Interviews as Topic", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Male", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Qualitative Research", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Social Stigma", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Spain", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Substance Abuse, Intravenous", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Vulnerable Populations", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Women's Health", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Women's Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shirley-Beavan", 
            "givenName": "Sam", 
            "id": "sg:person.015624306615.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015624306615.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Metzineres. Environments of Shelter for Womxn Who Use Drugs Surviving Violence, c/o ICEERS, Carrer de Sep\u00falveda, 65, Oficina 2, 08015, Barcelona, Spain", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Metzineres. Environments of Shelter for Womxn Who Use Drugs Surviving Violence, c/o ICEERS, Carrer de Sep\u00falveda, 65, Oficina 2, 08015, Barcelona, Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Roig", 
            "givenName": "Aura", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Burke-Shyne", 
            "givenName": "Naomi", 
            "id": "sg:person.010667134413.18", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010667134413.18"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Daniels", 
            "givenName": "Colleen", 
            "id": "sg:person.07577512707.22", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07577512707.22"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Csak", 
            "givenName": "Robert", 
            "id": "sg:person.010375073307.28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010375073307.28"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-6-32", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032768321", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-32"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-019-1271-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112139020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1271-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112139003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12905-017-0372-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084770443", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-017-0372-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-009-9593-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027650254", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-009-9593-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-6-28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019113110", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-28"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11901-019-00468-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113997430", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11901-019-00468-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-015-0067-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035765751", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-015-0067-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019714736", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-016-0109-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036259991", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-016-0109-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11904-013-0196-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012648445", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-013-0196-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2020-10-19", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2020-10-19", 
        "description": "BackgroundThere are an estimated 3.2 million women who inject drugs worldwide, constituting 20% of all people who inject drugs. The limited data that are available suggest that women who inject drugs are at greater risk of HIV and viral hepatitis acquisition than men who inject drugs. This increased vulnerability is a product of a range of environmental, social and individual factors affecting women, which also affect their ability to engage in health promoting services such as harm reduction.MethodsThe researchers undertook a narrative literature review examining access to harm reduction services for women who use drugs in Europe and conducted semi-structured focus groups with women who use drugs and harm reduction and prison health workers in Barcelona, Spain.ResultsWomen who use drugs face multiple barriers to accessing harm reduction services. These include stigma, both in society in general and from health and harm reduction workers in prisons and in the community; gender-based violence and a lack of services that are equipped to address the interaction between drug use and experiences of violence; criminalisation in the form of legal barriers to access, arrest and harassment from law enforcement, and incarceration; and a lack of services focused on the specific needs of women, notably sexual and reproductive health services and childcare. In Barcelona, participants reported experiencing all these barriers, and that their engagement with the Metzineres harm reduction centre had to some extent mitigated them. However, women continued to experience structural barriers to harm reduction service access.ConclusionsWomen and gender non-conforming people who use drugs face unique barriers to accessing harm reduction services. While services such as Metzineres can be life changing and life affirming for its members, it is incumbent on states to act to address the structural barriers to health faced by women who use drugs.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1031325", 
            "issn": [
              "1477-7517"
            ], 
            "name": "Harm Reduction Journal", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "17"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "harm reduction services", 
          "lack of services", 
          "reduction services", 
          "structural barriers", 
          "gender non-conforming people", 
          "gender-based violence", 
          "harm reduction", 
          "experiences of violence", 
          "harm reduction workers", 
          "reproductive health services", 
          "semi-structured focus groups", 
          "law enforcement", 
          "legal barriers", 
          "reduction workers", 
          "qualitative study", 
          "unique barriers", 
          "focus groups", 
          "harm reduction centers", 
          "service access", 
          "violence", 
          "multiple barriers", 
          "literature review", 
          "narrative literature review", 
          "health workers", 
          "MethodsThe researchers", 
          "Barcelona", 
          "drug use", 
          "health services", 
          "workers", 
          "services", 
          "greater risk", 
          "specific needs", 
          "people", 
          "women", 
          "drugs", 
          "individual factors", 
          "criminalisation", 
          "limited data", 
          "access", 
          "initial findings", 
          "harassment", 
          "childcare", 
          "prison", 
          "incarceration", 
          "barriers", 
          "enforcement", 
          "Spain", 
          "health", 
          "society", 
          "available suggests", 
          "life", 
          "engagement", 
          "community", 
          "stigma", 
          "Europe", 
          "reduction centers", 
          "ConclusionsWomen", 
          "HIV", 
          "vulnerability", 
          "ResultsWomen", 
          "experience", 
          "review", 
          "BackgroundThere", 
          "lack", 
          "members", 
          "men", 
          "researchers", 
          "arrest", 
          "risk", 
          "need", 
          "state", 
          "reduction", 
          "participants", 
          "group", 
          "extent", 
          "findings", 
          "form", 
          "factors", 
          "center", 
          "study", 
          "suggests", 
          "use", 
          "ability", 
          "data", 
          "acquisition", 
          "interaction", 
          "products", 
          "range"
        ], 
        "name": "Women and barriers to harm reduction services: a literature review and initial findings from a qualitative study in Barcelona, Spain", 
        "pagination": "78", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1131885644"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "33076931"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131885644"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:41", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_859.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    277 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      138 URIs      119 LITERALS      21 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5 schema:about N1015536fd33347fd9e4a4b59530bd370
    2 N2882e998cde94e5cb32008d8f2739aab
    3 N405f2c428b734565895e53520e6b77e2
    4 N4252c1a3dbc94485802f1cb71431a25a
    5 N4ca9ec3b9a224e09ac49fa8b679d7096
    6 N502d23751f354469b68da22a123d80c4
    7 N7d9fb13b2efd42999be0057e4bc90bf0
    8 N94cfc252b5f84298add29b93750238d5
    9 Na085c8200d3e487daf74509d25e7577b
    10 Nc7ae2af3950945db9a7e09d5d1302ae1
    11 Nf54f6e7282f74db2904e98f7aeae93ae
    12 Nf5f75db9b5cc434ab0ae09c1e091751e
    13 Nfce78f8181bf42439f940c4b835b81ff
    14 Nfe9579017fcd4f88bf131c8def94574d
    15 anzsrc-for:11
    16 anzsrc-for:1117
    17 schema:author N69995053be2c44c180bde84701462d2d
    18 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-009-9593-3
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s11901-019-00468-y
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s11904-013-0196-2
    22 sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-6-28
    23 sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-6-32
    24 sg:pub.10.1186/s12905-017-0372-4
    25 sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2
    26 sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-019-1271-3
    27 sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-015-0067-9
    28 sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-016-0109-y
    29 schema:datePublished 2020-10-19
    30 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-10-19
    31 schema:description BackgroundThere are an estimated 3.2 million women who inject drugs worldwide, constituting 20% of all people who inject drugs. The limited data that are available suggest that women who inject drugs are at greater risk of HIV and viral hepatitis acquisition than men who inject drugs. This increased vulnerability is a product of a range of environmental, social and individual factors affecting women, which also affect their ability to engage in health promoting services such as harm reduction.MethodsThe researchers undertook a narrative literature review examining access to harm reduction services for women who use drugs in Europe and conducted semi-structured focus groups with women who use drugs and harm reduction and prison health workers in Barcelona, Spain.ResultsWomen who use drugs face multiple barriers to accessing harm reduction services. These include stigma, both in society in general and from health and harm reduction workers in prisons and in the community; gender-based violence and a lack of services that are equipped to address the interaction between drug use and experiences of violence; criminalisation in the form of legal barriers to access, arrest and harassment from law enforcement, and incarceration; and a lack of services focused on the specific needs of women, notably sexual and reproductive health services and childcare. In Barcelona, participants reported experiencing all these barriers, and that their engagement with the Metzineres harm reduction centre had to some extent mitigated them. However, women continued to experience structural barriers to harm reduction service access.ConclusionsWomen and gender non-conforming people who use drugs face unique barriers to accessing harm reduction services. While services such as Metzineres can be life changing and life affirming for its members, it is incumbent on states to act to address the structural barriers to health faced by women who use drugs.
    32 schema:genre article
    33 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    34 schema:isPartOf N0238bdb797094af1a5a8321387cd2bd1
    35 Necfc1a59233143a5b8ecf31b6900632b
    36 sg:journal.1031325
    37 schema:keywords BackgroundThere
    38 Barcelona
    39 ConclusionsWomen
    40 Europe
    41 HIV
    42 MethodsThe researchers
    43 ResultsWomen
    44 Spain
    45 ability
    46 access
    47 acquisition
    48 arrest
    49 available suggests
    50 barriers
    51 center
    52 childcare
    53 community
    54 criminalisation
    55 data
    56 drug use
    57 drugs
    58 enforcement
    59 engagement
    60 experience
    61 experiences of violence
    62 extent
    63 factors
    64 findings
    65 focus groups
    66 form
    67 gender non-conforming people
    68 gender-based violence
    69 greater risk
    70 group
    71 harassment
    72 harm reduction
    73 harm reduction centers
    74 harm reduction services
    75 harm reduction workers
    76 health
    77 health services
    78 health workers
    79 incarceration
    80 individual factors
    81 initial findings
    82 interaction
    83 lack
    84 lack of services
    85 law enforcement
    86 legal barriers
    87 life
    88 limited data
    89 literature review
    90 members
    91 men
    92 multiple barriers
    93 narrative literature review
    94 need
    95 participants
    96 people
    97 prison
    98 products
    99 qualitative study
    100 range
    101 reduction
    102 reduction centers
    103 reduction services
    104 reduction workers
    105 reproductive health services
    106 researchers
    107 review
    108 risk
    109 semi-structured focus groups
    110 service access
    111 services
    112 society
    113 specific needs
    114 state
    115 stigma
    116 structural barriers
    117 study
    118 suggests
    119 unique barriers
    120 use
    121 violence
    122 vulnerability
    123 women
    124 workers
    125 schema:name Women and barriers to harm reduction services: a literature review and initial findings from a qualitative study in Barcelona, Spain
    126 schema:pagination 78
    127 schema:productId N0cd5704e17cd485393a1be5fe45ebf8e
    128 N994f34f14b564a5abb295c1f3f3f2295
    129 Ndbaac35257434f2eb8795a38792ea030
    130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131885644
    131 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5
    132 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:41
    133 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    134 schema:sdPublisher Nd280c466a58044339042eb56402ca5b6
    135 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5
    136 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    137 sgo:sdDataset articles
    138 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    139 N0238bdb797094af1a5a8321387cd2bd1 schema:issueNumber 1
    140 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    141 N055c134e58d6499abbebda48ad4b2877 rdf:first sg:person.010667134413.18
    142 rdf:rest N0671cac841e54775a70d3d55b37f51a1
    143 N0671cac841e54775a70d3d55b37f51a1 rdf:first sg:person.07577512707.22
    144 rdf:rest Nbcc02b1c25964420a5219b1e1317e3fd
    145 N0cd5704e17cd485393a1be5fe45ebf8e schema:name pubmed_id
    146 schema:value 33076931
    147 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    148 N1015536fd33347fd9e4a4b59530bd370 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    149 schema:name Women's Health
    150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    151 N2882e998cde94e5cb32008d8f2739aab schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    152 schema:name Female
    153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    154 N405f2c428b734565895e53520e6b77e2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    155 schema:name Qualitative Research
    156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    157 N4252c1a3dbc94485802f1cb71431a25a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    158 schema:name Humans
    159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    160 N4ca9ec3b9a224e09ac49fa8b679d7096 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    161 schema:name Spain
    162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    163 N502d23751f354469b68da22a123d80c4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    164 schema:name Harm Reduction
    165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    166 N69995053be2c44c180bde84701462d2d rdf:first sg:person.015624306615.43
    167 rdf:rest N8f5e975cf7684351a643ef36fdf9ce7c
    168 N7d9fb13b2efd42999be0057e4bc90bf0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    169 schema:name Social Stigma
    170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    171 N8f5e975cf7684351a643ef36fdf9ce7c rdf:first Nfaee433a9b6a42edad200d76d034af1f
    172 rdf:rest N055c134e58d6499abbebda48ad4b2877
    173 N94cfc252b5f84298add29b93750238d5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    174 schema:name Male
    175 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    176 N994f34f14b564a5abb295c1f3f3f2295 schema:name dimensions_id
    177 schema:value pub.1131885644
    178 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    179 Na085c8200d3e487daf74509d25e7577b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    180 schema:name Women's Health Services
    181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    182 Nbcc02b1c25964420a5219b1e1317e3fd rdf:first sg:person.010375073307.28
    183 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    184 Nc7ae2af3950945db9a7e09d5d1302ae1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    185 schema:name Substance Abuse, Intravenous
    186 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    187 Nd280c466a58044339042eb56402ca5b6 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    188 rdf:type schema:Organization
    189 Ndbaac35257434f2eb8795a38792ea030 schema:name doi
    190 schema:value 10.1186/s12954-020-00429-5
    191 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    192 Necfc1a59233143a5b8ecf31b6900632b schema:volumeNumber 17
    193 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    194 Nf54f6e7282f74db2904e98f7aeae93ae schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    195 schema:name Vulnerable Populations
    196 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    197 Nf5f75db9b5cc434ab0ae09c1e091751e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    198 schema:name Health Services Accessibility
    199 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    200 Nfaee433a9b6a42edad200d76d034af1f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    201 schema:familyName Roig
    202 schema:givenName Aura
    203 rdf:type schema:Person
    204 Nfce78f8181bf42439f940c4b835b81ff schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    205 schema:name Interviews as Topic
    206 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    207 Nfe9579017fcd4f88bf131c8def94574d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    208 schema:name HIV Infections
    209 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    210 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    211 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    212 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    213 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    214 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    215 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    216 sg:journal.1031325 schema:issn 1477-7517
    217 schema:name Harm Reduction Journal
    218 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    219 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    220 sg:person.010375073307.28 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    221 schema:familyName Csak
    222 schema:givenName Robert
    223 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010375073307.28
    224 rdf:type schema:Person
    225 sg:person.010667134413.18 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    226 schema:familyName Burke-Shyne
    227 schema:givenName Naomi
    228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010667134413.18
    229 rdf:type schema:Person
    230 sg:person.015624306615.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    231 schema:familyName Shirley-Beavan
    232 schema:givenName Sam
    233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015624306615.43
    234 rdf:type schema:Person
    235 sg:person.07577512707.22 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    236 schema:familyName Daniels
    237 schema:givenName Colleen
    238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07577512707.22
    239 rdf:type schema:Person
    240 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-009-9593-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027650254
    241 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-009-9593-3
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019714736
    244 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 sg:pub.10.1007/s11901-019-00468-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113997430
    247 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11901-019-00468-y
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 sg:pub.10.1007/s11904-013-0196-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012648445
    250 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-013-0196-2
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-6-28 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019113110
    253 https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-28
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-6-32 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032768321
    256 https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-32
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 sg:pub.10.1186/s12905-017-0372-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084770443
    259 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-017-0372-4
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112139003
    262 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1256-2
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-019-1271-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112139020
    265 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1271-3
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-015-0067-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035765751
    268 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-015-0067-9
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 sg:pub.10.1186/s12954-016-0109-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036259991
    271 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-016-0109-y
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK
    274 Metzineres. Environments of Shelter for Womxn Who Use Drugs Surviving Violence, c/o ICEERS, Carrer de Sepúlveda, 65, Oficina 2, 08015, Barcelona, Spain
    275 schema:name Harm Reduction International, 61 Mansell Street, E1 8AN, London, UK
    276 Metzineres. Environments of Shelter for Womxn Who Use Drugs Surviving Violence, c/o ICEERS, Carrer de Sepúlveda, 65, Oficina 2, 08015, Barcelona, Spain
    277 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...