Gender difference in early initiation of methamphetamine use among current methamphetamine users in Muse, Northern Shan State, Myanmar View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-08

AUTHORS

Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Junko Yasuoka, Nyein Chan, Nang Pann Ei Kham, Wint Khine, Su Myat Cho, Masamine Jimba

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGlobally, methamphetamine (MA) use is a significant public health concern due to unprecedented health effects of its use. However, gender similarities and differences in early age of MA initiation and its risk factors among current MA users have been understudied in a developing country setting.MethodsA community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted using a computer assisted self-interviewing program from January to March 2013 in Muse, Northern Shan State, Myanmar. A total of 1362 (775 male and 587 female) self-reported current MA users aged between 18 and 35 years were recruited using respondent-driven sampling. Two gender-stratified multiple logistic regression models (models I and II) were done for analysis.ResultsFor similarities, 73.0% of males and 60.5% of females initiated MA before their 18th birthday. The early age of MA initiation was positively associated with the reasons and places of the first time MA use among both genders. For differences, males [hazard ratio 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.18–1.54] had a significantly higher risk than females to initiate MA at earlier age. Among male users, participants who had bisexual/homosexual preferences were more likely to initiate MA use earlier. In contrast, female users who exchanged sex for money and/or drugs were more likely to initiate MA in earlier age.ConclusionsMore than 60.0% of male and female participants initiated MA use early; however, males initiated use earlier than females. Although similarities were found among both genders, differences found in key risk factors for early age MA initiation suggest that gender-specific, MA prevention programs are urgently needed in Myanmar. More... »

PAGES

21

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12954-017-0147-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-017-0147-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085211176

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28482847


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