Green synthesis of AgNP–ligand complexes and their toxicological effects on Nilaparvata lugens View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-10-13

AUTHORS

Hatem Fouad, Guiying Yang, Ahmed A. El-Sayed, Guofeng Mao, Diab Khalafallah, Mahmoud Saad, Hassan Ga’al, Ezzeldin Ibrahim, Jianchu Mo

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite developments in nanotechnology for use in the pharmaceutical field, there is still a need for implementation of this technology in agrochemistry. In this study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were successfully prepared by a facile and an eco-friendly route using two different ligands, 2'-amino-1,1':4',1″-terphenyl-3,3″,5,5″-tetracarboxylic acid (H4L) and 1,3,6,8-tetrakis (p-benzoic acid)-pyrene (TBAPy), as reducing agents. The physiochemical properties of the as-obtained AgNPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The toxicity of H4L-AgNP and TBAPy-AgNP against the brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens) was also measured. RESULTS: SEM and TEM analyses demonstrated the formation of quasi-spherical AgNP structures in the presence of H4L and TBAPy. Insecticidal assays showed that TBAPy is less effective against N. lugens, with a median lethal concentration (LC50) of 810 mg/L, while the toxicity of H4L increased and their LC50 reached 786 mg/L 168 h posttreatment at a high concentration of 2000 mg/L. H4L-AgNPs were also highly toxic at a low concentration of 20 mg/L, with LC50 = ~ 3.9 mg/L 168 h posttreatment, while TBAPy-AgNPs exhibited less toxicity at the same concentration, with LC50 = ~ 4.6 mg/L. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the synthesized AgNPs using the two ligands may be a safe and cheaper method compared with chemical insecticides for protection of rice plants from pests and has potential as an effective insecticide in the N. lugens pest management program. More... »

PAGES

318

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12951-021-01068-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12951-021-01068-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141858889

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34645452


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