Lipid compositional changes and oxidation status of ultra-high temperature treated Milk View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-10-02

AUTHORS

Muhammad Ajmal, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Junaid

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Milk fat is one of the complex fat and most sensitive biochemical compounds towards auto-oxidation. To enhance the shelf life, milk is subjected to Ultra-high Temperature (UHT) treatment followed by aseptic packaging. During the storage, several chemical and biochemical changes take place in lipid fraction of UHT milk. In current investigation, the effect of UHT treatment and storage was determined by making a comparison in fatty acid profile, triglyceride composition, organic acids and lipid oxidation of the thermally treated and stored milk with raw milk, which was not reported in earlier investigations. METHODS: Raw milk samples were collected from the bulk storage facility of a dairy industry. The same milk was routed to UHT treatment and aseptically packaged samples were collected. The fatty acid profile, triglyceride composition, organic acids and lipid oxidation was determined in raw and UHT treated milk at 0, 30, 60 and 90 days. Fatty acid and triglyceride profile was determined on GC-MS while organic acids were determined by HPLC. For the measurement of induction period, professional Rancimat was used. Lipid oxidation was characterized through free fatty acids, peroxide value, anisidine value and conjugated dienes. RESULTS: Compositional attributes of milk remain unchanged during the entire length of storage. Concentrations of short-chain fatty acids in raw and UHT milk were 10.49% and 9.62%. UHT treatment resulted in 8.3% loss of short-chain fatty acids. Up to 30 days, storage did not have any significant effect on fatty acid profile of UHT milk. Concentration of medium-chain fatty acids in raw and UHT treated milk was 54.98% and 51.87%. After 30, 60 and 90 days of storage, concentration of medium chain fatty acids was found 51.23%, 47.23% and 42.82%, respectively. Concentration of C18:1 and C18:2 in raw and UHT milk was 26.86% and 25.43%, respectively. The loss of C18:1 and C18:2 in UHT treatment was 5.32%. After 30, 60 and 90 days of storage, the concentrations of C18:1 and C18:2 were 24.6%, 21.06% and 18.66%, respectively. Storage period of 30 days was found non-significant, while noticeable variations were found in triglyceride profile of 60 and 90 days old samples of UHT milk. UHT treatment and storage period significantly affected the concentration of organic acids in milk. After UHT treatment, concentration of lactic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, pyruvic acid, formic acid, succinic acid and oxalic acid increased by 3.45, 0.66, 3.57, 0.68, 2.24, 2.16 and 1.63 mg/100 g. Effect of storage period on the production of organic acids in UHT milk was non-significant up to 30 days. After 60 days of storage period, the increase in concentration of lactic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, pyruvic acid, formic acid, succinic acid and oxalic acid was 3.79, 0.75, 4.69, 0.78, 2.83, 3.03 and 2.38 mg/100 g. After 90 days of storage period, the increase in concentration of lactic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, pyruvic acid, formic acid, succinic acid and oxalic acid was 7.3, 2.18, 9.96, 3.58, 11.37, 5.22 and 5.96%. Free fatty acids content of raw, UHT treated and 90 days old milk were 0.08%, 0.11% and 0.19%. UHT treated version of milk showed similar peroxide value. While, the storage remarkably affected the peroxide value. After 30, 60 and 90 days, peroxide value was 0.42, 0.62 and 1.18 (MeqO2/kg). Induction period of raw, UHT and stored milk was strongly correlated with peroxide value and fatty acid profile. Mean value of lipase activity in raw milk was 0.73 ± 0.06 μmoles/ml. UHT treatment significantly decreased the lipase activity. The lipase activity of milk immediately after the UHT treatment was 0.18 ± 0.02 μmoles/ml. Lipase activity of UHT milk after 30, 60 and 90 days of room temperature storage was 0.44 ± 0.03, 0.95 ± 0.07 and 1.14 ± 0.09 μmoles/ml. Color, flavor and smell score decreased through the storage of UHT milk for 90 days. CONCLUSION: The results of this investigation revealed that fatty acid and triglyceride profile changed after 60 and 90 days of storage. Production of organic acids led to the drop of pH and sensory characteristics in UHT milk during the long-term storage. Induction period can be successfully used for the determination of anticipatory shelf life of UHT milk. More... »

PAGES

227

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12944-018-0869-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12944-018-0869-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107365206

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30285790


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16 schema:description BACKGROUND: Milk fat is one of the complex fat and most sensitive biochemical compounds towards auto-oxidation. To enhance the shelf life, milk is subjected to Ultra-high Temperature (UHT) treatment followed by aseptic packaging. During the storage, several chemical and biochemical changes take place in lipid fraction of UHT milk. In current investigation, the effect of UHT treatment and storage was determined by making a comparison in fatty acid profile, triglyceride composition, organic acids and lipid oxidation of the thermally treated and stored milk with raw milk, which was not reported in earlier investigations. METHODS: Raw milk samples were collected from the bulk storage facility of a dairy industry. The same milk was routed to UHT treatment and aseptically packaged samples were collected. The fatty acid profile, triglyceride composition, organic acids and lipid oxidation was determined in raw and UHT treated milk at 0, 30, 60 and 90 days. Fatty acid and triglyceride profile was determined on GC-MS while organic acids were determined by HPLC. For the measurement of induction period, professional Rancimat was used. Lipid oxidation was characterized through free fatty acids, peroxide value, anisidine value and conjugated dienes. RESULTS: Compositional attributes of milk remain unchanged during the entire length of storage. Concentrations of short-chain fatty acids in raw and UHT milk were 10.49% and 9.62%. UHT treatment resulted in 8.3% loss of short-chain fatty acids. Up to 30 days, storage did not have any significant effect on fatty acid profile of UHT milk. Concentration of medium-chain fatty acids in raw and UHT treated milk was 54.98% and 51.87%. After 30, 60 and 90 days of storage, concentration of medium chain fatty acids was found 51.23%, 47.23% and 42.82%, respectively. Concentration of C<sub>18:1</sub> and C<sub>18:2</sub> in raw and UHT milk was 26.86% and 25.43%, respectively. The loss of C<sub>18:1</sub> and C<sub>18:2</sub> in UHT treatment was 5.32%. After 30, 60 and 90 days of storage, the concentrations of C<sub>18:1</sub> and C<sub>18:2</sub> were 24.6%, 21.06% and 18.66%, respectively. Storage period of 30 days was found non-significant, while noticeable variations were found in triglyceride profile of 60 and 90 days old samples of UHT milk. UHT treatment and storage period significantly affected the concentration of organic acids in milk. After UHT treatment, concentration of lactic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, pyruvic acid, formic acid, succinic acid and oxalic acid increased by 3.45, 0.66, 3.57, 0.68, 2.24, 2.16 and 1.63 mg/100 g. Effect of storage period on the production of organic acids in UHT milk was non-significant up to 30 days. After 60 days of storage period, the increase in concentration of lactic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, pyruvic acid, formic acid, succinic acid and oxalic acid was 3.79, 0.75, 4.69, 0.78, 2.83, 3.03 and 2.38 mg/100 g. After 90 days of storage period, the increase in concentration of lactic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, pyruvic acid, formic acid, succinic acid and oxalic acid was 7.3, 2.18, 9.96, 3.58, 11.37, 5.22 and 5.96%. Free fatty acids content of raw, UHT treated and 90 days old milk were 0.08%, 0.11% and 0.19%. UHT treated version of milk showed similar peroxide value. While, the storage remarkably affected the peroxide value. After 30, 60 and 90 days, peroxide value was 0.42, 0.62 and 1.18 (MeqO<sub>2</sub>/kg). Induction period of raw, UHT and stored milk was strongly correlated with peroxide value and fatty acid profile. Mean value of lipase activity in raw milk was 0.73 ± 0.06 μmoles/ml. UHT treatment significantly decreased the lipase activity. The lipase activity of milk immediately after the UHT treatment was 0.18 ± 0.02 μmoles/ml. Lipase activity of UHT milk after 30, 60 and 90 days of room temperature storage was 0.44 ± 0.03, 0.95 ± 0.07 and 1.14 ± 0.09 μmoles/ml. Color, flavor and smell score decreased through the storage of UHT milk for 90 days. CONCLUSION: The results of this investigation revealed that fatty acid and triglyceride profile changed after 60 and 90 days of storage. Production of organic acids led to the drop of pH and sensory characteristics in UHT milk during the long-term storage. Induction period can be successfully used for the determination of anticipatory shelf life of UHT milk.
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94 mg/100
95 milk
96 milk fat
97 milk samples
98 noticeable variation
99 old milk
100 older samples
101 organic acids
102 oxalic acid
103 oxidation
104 oxidation status
105 pH
106 packaging
107 period
108 peroxide value
109 place
110 production
111 professional Rancimat
112 profile
113 pyruvic acid
114 raw milk
115 raw milk samples
116 results
117 room temperature storage
118 same milk
119 samples
120 scores
121 sensitive biochemical compounds
122 sensory characteristics
123 shelf life
124 short-chain fatty acids
125 significant effect
126 similar peroxide values
127 smell scores
128 status
129 storage
130 storage facilities
131 storage period
132 succinic acid
133 temperature
134 temperature storage
135 temperature treatment
136 treatment
137 triglyceride composition
138 triglyceride profile
139 ultra-high temperature
140 ultra-high temperature (UHT) treatment
141 values
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143 version
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