Next-generation sequencing-assisted diagnosis of a case of leprosy misdiagnosed as erythema multiforme View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-09-07

AUTHORS

Yanfang Zhang, Xuezhong Lei, Jiajie Lu

ABSTRACT

BackgroundLeprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis that is mainly transmitted through droplets from the nose and mouth of untreated patients. Owing to the lack of specific serological markers and clinical manifestations, leprosy can be easily confused with other skin lesion-related diseases and is difficult to distinguish.Case presentationThis study introduces and summarises the diagnosis and treatment process of a case of leprosy misdiagnosed as erythema multiforme for a long time. A 43-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of “repeated fever with superficial lymphadenopathy and systemic rash in May”. The diagnosis of the patient was based on the two main clinical characteristics of superficial lymphadenopathy and systemic pleomorphic erythema by using a combination of multiple samples of lymph nodes and skin, routine pathological examination, immunohistochemistry, acid-fast, silver hexamine, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, and second-generation gene sequencing of fresh biopsy tissue. The patient was treated with dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine at the Institute of Dermatology and Venereal Diseases. After treatment for 1 year, her temperature returned to normal, the area of facial erythema decreased, and the volume of axillary lymph nodes had gradually reduced.ConclusionsIn conclusion, special pathological staining and second-generation gene sequencing show promising advantages in distinguishing leprosy from other skin lesion-related diseases. More... »

PAGES

40

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-01-05. Leprosy in Denmark 1980–2010: a review of 15 cases in BMC RESEARCH NOTES
  • 2021-01-29. Erythema Nodosum Leprosum in JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12941-022-00532-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12941-022-00532-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1150834355

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36071525


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