Molecular determination of O25b/ST131 clone type among extended spectrum β-lactamases production Escherichia coli recovering from urinary tract infection isolates View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-08-04

AUTHORS

Amin Khoshbayan, Rezvan Golmoradi Zadeh, Majid Taati Moghadam, Shiva Mirkalantari, Atieh Darbandi

ABSTRACT

BackgroundEscherichia coli (E. coli) O25b/ST131 clone causes urinary tract infection (UTI) and is associated with a broad spectrum of other infections, such as intra-abdominal and soft tissue infections, that can be affecting bloodstream infections. Therefore, since O25b/ST131 has been reported in several studies from Iran, in the current study, we have investigated the molecular characteristics, typing, and biofilm formation of O25b/ST131 clone type E. coli collected from UTI specimens.MethodsA total of 173 E. coli isolates from UTI were collected. The susceptibility to all fourth generations of cephalosporins (cefazolin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefepime) and ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam and aztreonam was determined. Class A ESBLs, class D ESBL and the presence of pabB gene screenings to detect of O25b/ST131 clone type were performed by using of PCR. Biofilm formation was compared between O25b/ST131 isolates and non-O25b/ST131 isolates. Finally, ERIC-PCR was used for typing of ESBL positive isolates.ResultsNinety-four ESBL positive were detected of which 79 of them were O25b/ST131. Antimicrobial susceptibility test data showed that most antibiotics had a higher rate of resistance in isolates of the O25b/ST131 clonal type. Biofilm formation showed that there was a weak association between O25b/ST131 clone type isolates and the level of the biofilm formation. ERIC-PCR results showed that E. coli isolates were genetically diverse and classified into 14 groups.ConclusionOur results demonstrated the importance and high prevalence of E. coli O25b/ST131 among UTI isolates with the ability to spread fast and disseminate antibiotic resistance genes. More... »

PAGES

35

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12941-022-00526-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12941-022-00526-2

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149983913

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35927655


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