Saliva cortisol in relation to aircraft noise exposure: pooled-analysis results from seven European countries View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-11-27

AUTHORS

Clémence Baudin, Marie Lefèvre, Jenny Selander, Wolfgang Babisch, Ennio Cadum, Marie-Christine Carlier, Patricia Champelovier, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Danny Huithuijs, Jacques Lambert, Bernard Laumon, Göran Pershagen, Töres Theorell, Venetia Velonaki, Anna Hansell, Anne-Sophie Evrard

ABSTRACT

BackgroundMany studies have demonstrated adverse effects of exposure to aircraft noise on health. Possible biological pathways for these effects include hormonal disturbances. Few studies deal with aircraft noise effects on saliva cortisol in adults, and results are inconsistent.ObjectiveWe aimed to assess the effects of aircraft noise exposure on saliva cortisol levels and its variation in people living near airports.MethodsThis study focused on the 1300 residents included in the HYENA and DEBATS cross-sectional studies, with complete information on cortisol sampling. All the participants followed a similar procedure aiming to collect both a morning and an evening saliva cortisol samples. Socioeconomic and lifestyle information were obtained during a face-to-face interview. Outdoor aircraft noise exposure was estimated for each participant’s home address. Associations between aircraft noise exposure and cortisol outcomes were investigated a priori for male and female separately, using linear regression models adjusted for relevant confounders. Different approaches were used to characterize cortisol levels, such as morning and evening cortisol concentrations and the absolute and relative variations between morning and evening levels.ResultsStatistically significant increases of evening cortisol levels were shown in women with a 10-dB(A) increase in aircraft noise exposure in terms of LAeq, 16h (exp(β) = 1.08; CI95% = 1.00–1.16), Lden (exp(β) = 1.09; CI95% = 1.01–1.18), Lnight (exp(β) = 1.11; CI95% = 1.02–1.20). A statistically significant association was also found in women between a 10-dB(A) increase in terms of Lnight and the absolute variation per hour (exp(β) = 0.90; CI95% = 0.80–1.00). Statistically significant decreases in relative variation per hour were also evidenced in women, with stronger effects with the Lnight (exp(β) = 0.89; CI95% = 0.83–0.96) than with other noise indicators. The morning cortisol levels were unchanged whatever noise exposure indicator considered. There was no statistically significant association between aircraft noise exposure and cortisol outcomes in men.ConclusionsThe results of the present study show statistically significant associations between aircraft noise exposure and evening cortisol levels and related flattening in the (absolute and relative) variations per hour in women. Further biological research is needed to deepen knowledge of the pathway between noise exposure and disturbed hormonal regulation, and specially the difference in effects between genders. More... »

PAGES

102

Journal

TITLE

Environmental Health

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

18

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12940-019-0540-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0540-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122954152

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31775752


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20 schema:description BackgroundMany studies have demonstrated adverse effects of exposure to aircraft noise on health. Possible biological pathways for these effects include hormonal disturbances. Few studies deal with aircraft noise effects on saliva cortisol in adults, and results are inconsistent.ObjectiveWe aimed to assess the effects of aircraft noise exposure on saliva cortisol levels and its variation in people living near airports.MethodsThis study focused on the 1300 residents included in the HYENA and DEBATS cross-sectional studies, with complete information on cortisol sampling. All the participants followed a similar procedure aiming to collect both a morning and an evening saliva cortisol samples. Socioeconomic and lifestyle information were obtained during a face-to-face interview. Outdoor aircraft noise exposure was estimated for each participant’s home address. Associations between aircraft noise exposure and cortisol outcomes were investigated a priori for male and female separately, using linear regression models adjusted for relevant confounders. Different approaches were used to characterize cortisol levels, such as morning and evening cortisol concentrations and the absolute and relative variations between morning and evening levels.ResultsStatistically significant increases of evening cortisol levels were shown in women with a 10-dB(A) increase in aircraft noise exposure in terms of LAeq, 16h (exp(β) = 1.08; CI95% = 1.00–1.16), Lden (exp(β) = 1.09; CI95% = 1.01–1.18), Lnight (exp(β) = 1.11; CI95% = 1.02–1.20). A statistically significant association was also found in women between a 10-dB(A) increase in terms of Lnight and the absolute variation per hour (exp(β) = 0.90; CI95% = 0.80–1.00). Statistically significant decreases in relative variation per hour were also evidenced in women, with stronger effects with the Lnight (exp(β) = 0.89; CI95% = 0.83–0.96) than with other noise indicators. The morning cortisol levels were unchanged whatever noise exposure indicator considered. There was no statistically significant association between aircraft noise exposure and cortisol outcomes in men.ConclusionsThe results of the present study show statistically significant associations between aircraft noise exposure and evening cortisol levels and related flattening in the (absolute and relative) variations per hour in women. Further biological research is needed to deepen knowledge of the pathway between noise exposure and disturbed hormonal regulation, and specially the difference in effects between genders.
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26 schema:keywords BackgroundMany studies
27 ConclusionsThe results
28 European countries
29 LAeq
30 Lden
31 Lnight
32 MethodsThis study
33 ObjectiveWe
34 Outdoor aircraft noise exposure
35 ResultsStatistically significant increase
36 absolute variation
37 address
38 adults
39 adverse effects
40 aircraft noise
41 aircraft noise effects
42 aircraft noise exposure
43 airports
44 approach
45 association
46 biological pathways
47 biological research
48 complete information
49 concentration
50 confounders
51 cortisol
52 cortisol concentrations
53 cortisol levels
54 cortisol outcomes
55 cortisol samples
56 cortisol sampling
57 countries
58 cross-sectional study
59 decrease
60 differences
61 different approaches
62 disturbances
63 effect
64 evening
65 evening cortisol concentrations
66 evening cortisol levels
67 evening levels
68 exposure
69 exposure indicators
70 face
71 face interviews
72 flattening
73 further biological research
74 gender
75 health
76 home address
77 hormonal disturbances
78 hormonal regulation
79 hours
80 hyenas
81 increase
82 indicators
83 information
84 interviews
85 knowledge
86 levels
87 lifestyle information
88 linear regression models
89 men
90 model
91 morning
92 morning cortisol levels
93 noise
94 noise effects
95 noise exposure
96 noise indicators
97 outcomes
98 participant's home address
99 participants
100 pathway
101 people
102 possible biological pathways
103 present study show
104 procedure
105 regression models
106 regulation
107 relation
108 relative variation
109 relevant confounders
110 research
111 residents
112 results
113 saliva cortisol
114 saliva cortisol levels
115 samples
116 sampling
117 show
118 significant association
119 significant decrease
120 significant increase
121 similar procedure
122 strong effect
123 study
124 study show
125 terms
126 variation
127 women
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