Assessing national and subnational inequalities in medical care utilization and financial risk protection in Rwanda View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Kai Liu, S. V. Subramanian, Chunling Lu

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ensuring equitable access to medical care with financial risk protection has been at the center of achieving universal health coverage. In this paper, we assess the levels and trends of inequalities in medical care utilization and household catastrophic health spending (HCHS) at the national and sub-national levels in Rwanda. METHODS: Using the Rwanda Integrated Living Conditions Surveys of 2005, 2010, 2014, and 2016, we applied multivariable logit models to generate the levels and trends of adjusted inequalities in medical care utilization and HCHS across the four survey years by four socio-demographic dimensions: poverty, gender, education, and residence. We measured the national- and district-level inequalities in both absolute and relative terms. RESULTS: At the national level, after controlling for other factors, we found significant inequalities in medical care utilization by poverty and education and -in HCHS by poverty in all four years. From 2005 to 2016, inequalities in medical care utilization by the four dimensions did not change significantly, while the inequality in HCHS by poverty was reduced significantly. At the district level, inequalities in both medical care utilization and HCHS were larger than zero in all four years and decreased over time. CONCLUSIONS: Poverty and poor education were significant contributors to inequalities in medical care utilization and HCHS in Rwanda. Policies or interventions targeting poor households or households headed by persons receiving no education are needed in order to effectively reduce inequalities in medical care utilization and HCHS. More... »

PAGES

51

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12939-019-0953-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0953-y

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113041463

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30917822


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44 schema:description BACKGROUND: Ensuring equitable access to medical care with financial risk protection has been at the center of achieving universal health coverage. In this paper, we assess the levels and trends of inequalities in medical care utilization and household catastrophic health spending (HCHS) at the national and sub-national levels in Rwanda. METHODS: Using the Rwanda Integrated Living Conditions Surveys of 2005, 2010, 2014, and 2016, we applied multivariable logit models to generate the levels and trends of adjusted inequalities in medical care utilization and HCHS across the four survey years by four socio-demographic dimensions: poverty, gender, education, and residence. We measured the national- and district-level inequalities in both absolute and relative terms. RESULTS: At the national level, after controlling for other factors, we found significant inequalities in medical care utilization by poverty and education and -in HCHS by poverty in all four years. From 2005 to 2016, inequalities in medical care utilization by the four dimensions did not change significantly, while the inequality in HCHS by poverty was reduced significantly. At the district level, inequalities in both medical care utilization and HCHS were larger than zero in all four years and decreased over time. CONCLUSIONS: Poverty and poor education were significant contributors to inequalities in medical care utilization and HCHS in Rwanda. Policies or interventions targeting poor households or households headed by persons receiving no education are needed in order to effectively reduce inequalities in medical care utilization and HCHS.
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