Elevated IL-17 levels in semi-immune anaemic mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Gideon Kofi Helegbe, Nguyen Tien Huy, Tetsuo Yanagi, Mohammed Nasir Shuaibu, Mihoko Kikuchi, Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Kenji Hirayama

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alterations in inflammatory cytokines and genetic background of the host contribute to the outcome of malaria infection. Despite the promising protective role of IL-17 in infections, little attention is given to further understand its importance in the pathogenesis of severe malaria anaemia in chronic/endemic situations. The objective of this study, therefore, was to evaluate IL-17 levels in anaemic condition and its association with host genetic factors. METHODS: Two mice strains (Balb/c and CBA) were crossed to get the F1 progeny, and were (F1, Balb/c, CBA) taken through 6 cycles of Plasmodium berghei (ANKA strain) infection and chloroquine/pyrimethamine treatment to generate semi-immune status. Cytokine levels and kinetics of antibody production, CD4+CD25+T regulatory cells were evaluated by bead-based multiplex assay kit, ELISA and FACs, respectively. RESULTS: High survival with high Hb loss at significantly low parasitaemia was observed in Balb/c and F1. Furthermore, IgG levels were two times higher in Balb/c, F1 than CBA. While CD4+CD25+ Treg cells were lower in CBA; IL-4, IFN-γ, IL-12α and IL-17 were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in Balb/c, F1. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, elevated IL-17 levels together with high IL-4, IL-12α and IFN-γ levels may be a marker of protection, and the mechanism may be controlled by host factor (s). Further studies of F2 between the F1 and Balb/c will be informative in evaluating if these genes are segregated or further apart. More... »

PAGES

169

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12936-018-2257-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2257-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103398578

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29665817


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