Long contiguous stretches of homozygosity detected by chromosomal microarrays (CMA) in patients with neurodevelopmental disorders in the South of Brazil View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-12

AUTHORS

Tiago Fernando Chaves, Luan Freitas Oliveira, Maristela Ocampos, Ingrid Tremel Barbato, Gisele Rozone de Luca, Jorge Humbeto Barbato Filho, Louise Lapagesse de Camargo Pinto, Pricila Bernardi, Angelica Francesca Maris

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, chromosomal microarrays (CMA) are recommended as first-tier test in the investigation of developmental disorders to examine copy number variations. The modern platforms also include probes for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that detect homozygous regions in the genome, such as long contiguous stretches of homozygosity (LCSH) also named runs of homozygosity (ROH). LCHS are chromosomal segments resulting from complete or segmental chromosomal homozygosity, which may be indicative of uniparental disomy (UPD), consanguinity, as well as replicative DNA repair events, however also are common findings in normal populations. Knowing common LCSH of a population, which probably represent ancestral haplotypes of low-recombination regions in the genome, facilitates the interpretation of LCSH found in patients, allowing to prioritize those with possible clinical significance. However, population records of ancestral haplotype derived LCSH by SNP arrays are still scarce, particularly for countries such as Brazil where even for the clinic, microarrays that include SNPs are difficult to request due to their high cost. METHODS: In this study, we evaluate the frequencies and implications of LCSH detected by Affymetrix CytoScan® HD or 750 K platforms in 430 patients with neurodevelopmental disorders in southern Brazil. LCSH were analyzed in the context of pathogenic significance and also explored to identify ancestral haplotype derived LCSH. The criteria for considering a region as LCSH was homozygosis ≥3 Mbp on an autosome. RESULTS: In 95% of the patients, at least one LCSH was detected, a total of 1478 LCSH in 407 patients. In 2.6%, the findings were suggestive of UPD. For about 8.5% LCSH suggest offspring from first to fifth grade, more likely to have a clinical impact. Considering recurrent LCSH found at a frequency of 5% or more, we outline 11 regions as potentially representing ancestral haplotypes in our population. The region most involved with homozygosity was 16p11.2p11.1 (49%), followed by 1q21.2q21.3 (21%), 11p11.2p11.12 (19%), 3p21.31p21.2 (16%), 15q15 1q33p32.3 (12%), 2q11.1q12.1 (9%), 1p33p32.3 (6%), 20q11.21q11.23 (6%), 10q22.1q23.31 (5%), 6p22.2p22 (5%), and 7q11.22q11.23 (5%). CONCLUSIONS: In this work, we show the importance and usefulness of interpreting LCSH in the results of CMA wich incorporate SNPs. More... »

PAGES

50

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    BMC Medical Genomics

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    12

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12920-019-0496-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12920-019-0496-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112739114

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30866944


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