Reassortment process after co-infection of pigs with avian H1N1 and swine H3N2 influenza viruses View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-07-08

AUTHORS

Kinga Urbaniak, Iwona Markowska-Daniel, Andrzej Kowalczyk, Krzysztof Kwit, Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól, Barbara Frącek, Zygmunt Pejsak

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe influenza A virus is highly variable, which, to some degree, is caused by the reassortment of viral genetic material. This process plays a major role in the generation of novel influenza virus strains that can emerge in a new host population. Due to the susceptibility of pigs to infections with avian, swine and human influenza viruses, they are considered intermediate hosts for the adaptation of the avian influenza virus to humans. In order to test the reassortment process in pigs, they were co-infected with H3N2 A/swine/Gent/172/2008 (Gent/08) and H1N1 A/duck/Italy/1447/2005 (Italy/05) and co-housed with a group of naïve piglets.ResultsThe Gent/08 strains dominated over Italy/05, but reassortment occurred. The reassortant strains of the H1N1 subtype (12.5%) with one gene (NP or M) of swine-origin were identified in the nasal discharge of the contact-exposed piglets.ConclusionsThese results demonstrate that despite their low efficiency, genotypically and phenotypically different influenza A viruses can undergo genetic exchange during co-infection of pigs. More... »

PAGES

215

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12917-017-1137-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-017-1137-x

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090383468

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28688454


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