Retrospective epidemiological study of canine epilepsy in Japan using the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force classification 2015 (2003–2013): etiological distribution, ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-11-09

AUTHORS

Yuji Hamamoto, Daisuke Hasegawa, Shunta Mizoguchi, Yoshihiko Yu, Masae Wada, Takayuki Kuwabara, Aki Fujiwara-Igarashi, Michio Fujita

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disease in veterinary practice. However, contrary to human medicine, epilepsy classification in veterinary medicine had not been clearly defined until recently. A number of reports on canine epilepsy have been published, reflecting in part updated proposals from the human epilepsy organization, the International League Against Epilepsy. In 2015, the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force (IVETF) published a consensus report on the classification and definition of canine epilepsy. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the etiological distribution, survival time of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IdE) and structural epilepsy (StE), and risk factors for survival time, according to the recently published IVETF classification. We investigated canine cases with epilepsy that were referred to our teaching hospital in Japan during the past 10 years, and which encompassed a different breed population from Western countries. RESULTS: A total of 358 dogs with epilepsy satisfied our etiological study criteria. Of these, 172 dogs (48 %) were classified as IdE and 76 dogs (21 %) as StE. Of these dogs, 100 dogs (consisting of 65 with IdE and 35 with StE) were included in our survival study. Median survival time from the initial epileptic seizure in dogs with IdE and StE was 10.4 and 4.5 years, respectively. Median lifespan of dogs with IdE and StE was 13.5 and 10.9 years, respectively. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that risk factors for survival time in IdE were high seizure frequency (≥0.3 seizures/month) and focal epileptic seizures. CONCLUSIONS: Focal epileptic seizures were identified as a risk factor for survival time in IdE. Clinicians should carefully differentiate seizure type as it is difficult to identify focal epileptic seizures. With good seizure control, dogs with IdE can survive for nearly the same lifespan as the general dog population. Our results using the IVETF classification are similar to previous studies, although some features were noted in our Japanese canine population (which was composed of mainly small-breed dogs), including a longer lifespan in dogs with epilepsy and a larger percentage of meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin in dogs with StE. More... »

PAGES

248

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12917-016-0877-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-016-0877-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035293235

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27829458


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28 schema:description BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disease in veterinary practice. However, contrary to human medicine, epilepsy classification in veterinary medicine had not been clearly defined until recently. A number of reports on canine epilepsy have been published, reflecting in part updated proposals from the human epilepsy organization, the International League Against Epilepsy. In 2015, the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force (IVETF) published a consensus report on the classification and definition of canine epilepsy. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the etiological distribution, survival time of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IdE) and structural epilepsy (StE), and risk factors for survival time, according to the recently published IVETF classification. We investigated canine cases with epilepsy that were referred to our teaching hospital in Japan during the past 10 years, and which encompassed a different breed population from Western countries. RESULTS: A total of 358 dogs with epilepsy satisfied our etiological study criteria. Of these, 172 dogs (48 %) were classified as IdE and 76 dogs (21 %) as StE. Of these dogs, 100 dogs (consisting of 65 with IdE and 35 with StE) were included in our survival study. Median survival time from the initial epileptic seizure in dogs with IdE and StE was 10.4 and 4.5 years, respectively. Median lifespan of dogs with IdE and StE was 13.5 and 10.9 years, respectively. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that risk factors for survival time in IdE were high seizure frequency (≥0.3 seizures/month) and focal epileptic seizures. CONCLUSIONS: Focal epileptic seizures were identified as a risk factor for survival time in IdE. Clinicians should carefully differentiate seizure type as it is difficult to identify focal epileptic seizures. With good seizure control, dogs with IdE can survive for nearly the same lifespan as the general dog population. Our results using the IVETF classification are similar to previous studies, although some features were noted in our Japanese canine population (which was composed of mainly small-breed dogs), including a longer lifespan in dogs with epilepsy and a larger percentage of meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin in dogs with StE.
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36 Epilepsy Task Force classification 2015
37 Force classification 2015
38 IDE
39 IVETF classification
40 International League
41 International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force
42 International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force classification 2015
43 Japan
44 Japanese canine population
45 League
46 STE
47 StE.
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52 Western countries
53 analysis
54 breed populations
55 canine cases
56 canine epilepsy
57 canine population
58 cases
59 classification
60 classification 2015
61 clinicians
62 common neurological diseases
63 consensus report
64 control
65 countries
66 criteria
67 definition
68 different breed population
69 disease
70 distribution
71 dog population
72 dogs
73 epidemiological studies
74 epilepsy
75 epilepsy classification
76 epilepsy organisations
77 epileptic seizures
78 etiological distribution
79 etiological study criteria
80 factors
81 features
82 focal epileptic seizures
83 force
84 frequency
85 general dog population
86 good seizure control
87 high seizure frequency
88 hospital
89 human epilepsy organization
90 human medicine
91 idiopathic epilepsy
92 initial epileptic seizure
93 large percentage
94 lifespan
95 long lifespan
96 median lifespan
97 median survival time
98 medicine
99 meningoencephalomyelitis
100 multivariable analysis
101 neurological diseases
102 number
103 number of reports
104 organization
105 origin
106 part
107 percentage
108 population
109 practice
110 previous studies
111 proposal
112 purpose
113 report
114 results
115 retrospective epidemiological study
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117 risk factors
118 same lifespan
119 seizure control
120 seizure frequency
121 seizure types
122 seizures
123 structural epilepsy
124 study
125 study criteria
126 survival studies
127 survival time
128 teaching hospital
129 time
130 total
131 types
132 unknown origin
133 veterinary medicine
134 veterinary practice
135 years
136 schema:name Retrospective epidemiological study of canine epilepsy in Japan using the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force classification 2015 (2003–2013): etiological distribution, risk factors, survival time, and lifespan
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