Challenges and opportunities in examining and addressing intersectional stigma and health View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Janet M. Turan, Melissa A. Elafros, Carmen H. Logie, Swagata Banik, Bulent Turan, Kaylee B. Crockett, Bernice Pescosolido, Sarah M. Murray

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 'Intersectional stigma' is a concept that has emerged to characterize the convergence of multiple stigmatized identities within a person or group, and to address their joint effects on health and wellbeing. While enquiry into the intersections of race, class, and gender serves as the historical and theoretical basis for intersectional stigma, there is little consensus on how best to characterize and analyze intersectional stigma, or on how to design interventions to address this complex phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to highlight existing intersectional stigma literature, identify gaps in our methods for studying and addressing intersectional stigma, provide examples illustrating promising analytical approaches, and elucidate priorities for future health research. DISCUSSION: Evidence from the existing scientific literature, as well as the examples presented here, suggest that people in diverse settings experience intersecting forms of stigma that influence their mental and physical health and corresponding health behaviors. As different stigmas are often correlated and interrelated, the health impact of intersectional stigma is complex, generating a broad range of vulnerabilities and risks. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches are required to reduce the significant knowledge gaps that remain in our understanding of intersectional stigma, shared identity, and their effects on health. CONCLUSIONS: Stigmatized identities, while often analyzed in isolation, do not exist in a vacuum. Intersecting forms of stigma are a common reality, yet they remain poorly understood. The development of instruments and methods to better characterize the mechanisms and effects of intersectional stigma in relation to various health conditions around the globe is vital. Only then will healthcare providers, public health officials, and advocates be able to design health interventions that capitalize on the positive aspects of shared identity, while reducing the burden of stigma. More... »

PAGES

7

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-12. Race, gender, class, and sexual orientation: intersecting axes of inequality and self-rated health in Canada in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH
  • 2008-09. When Black + Lesbian + Woman ≠ Black Lesbian Woman: The Methodological Challenges of Qualitative and Quantitative Intersectionality Research in SEX ROLES
  • 2010-12. The synergy between TB and HIV co-infection on perceived stigma in Ethiopia in BMC RESEARCH NOTES
  • 2015-12. Stigma, HIV and health: a qualitative synthesis in BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2014-08. The Intersectionality of Discrimination Attributes and Bullying Among Youth: An Applied Latent Class Analysis in JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE
  • 2014-07. Critical Consciousness, Racial and Gender Discrimination, and HIV Disease Markers in African American Women with HIV in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2010-10. Longitudinal Relationships Between Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence and Discrimination Due to HIV-Serostatus, Race, and Sexual Orientation Among African–American Men with HIV in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2017-03. “They Treat you a Different Way:” Public Insurance, Stigma, and the Challenge to Quality Health Care in CULTURE, MEDICINE, AND PSYCHIATRY
  • 2016-01. Internalized HIV and Drug Stigmas: Interacting Forces Threatening Health Status and Health Service Utilization Among People with HIV Who Inject Drugs in St. Petersburg, Russia in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2008-09. A Best Practices Guide to Intersectional Approaches in Psychological Research in SEX ROLES
  • 2007-12. Disentangling the stigma of HIV/AIDS from the stigmas of drugs use, commercial sex and commercial blood donation – a factorial survey of medical students in China in BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2014-12. Intersectionality of HIV stigma and masculinity in eastern Uganda: implications for involving men in HIV programmes in BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2014-02. Barriers and Facilitators to Engagement and Retention in Care among Transgender Women Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2008-12. Stigma, social reciprocity and exclusion of HIV/AIDS patients with illicit drug histories: A study of Thai nurses' attitudes in HARM REDUCTION JOURNAL
  • 2017-10. State of HIV in the US Deep South in JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111299347

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30764816


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alabama at Birmingham", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, 35294, Birmingham, AL, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Turan", 
            "givenName": "Janet M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01244514245.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01244514245.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Johns Hopkins Hospital", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Elafros", 
            "givenName": "Melissa A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07571347474.30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07571347474.30"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Women's College Hospital", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417199.3", 
              "name": [
                "Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, Toronto, ON, Canada", 
                "Women\u2019s College Research Institute, Women\u2019s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Logie", 
            "givenName": "Carmen H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01155372206.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155372206.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Baldwin\u2013Wallace College", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.252749.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Public Health & Prevention Sciences, Baldwin Wallace University, Berea, OH, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Banik", 
            "givenName": "Swagata", 
            "id": "sg:person.01033703656.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01033703656.91"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alabama at Birmingham", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Turan", 
            "givenName": "Bulent", 
            "id": "sg:person.01070734516.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01070734516.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alabama at Birmingham", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Crockett", 
            "givenName": "Kaylee B.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012741762277.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012741762277.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Indiana University Bloomington", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411377.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pescosolido", 
            "givenName": "Bernice", 
            "id": "sg:person.01057345016.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01057345016.24"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Johns Hopkins University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Murray", 
            "givenName": "Sarah M.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11199-008-9400-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003398117", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9400-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10964-013-0073-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003665468", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-0073-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-9276-10-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004493188", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-10-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2011.582076", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004862835"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.03.022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005358075"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ans.0000000000000046", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007856038"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ans.0000000000000046", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007856038"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2016.1223253", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008020829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117686", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009576481"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117686", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009576481"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-1061", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010478404", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1061"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2011.562278", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010656416"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1992.tb01538.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012296369"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)68189-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013306582"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000590", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015115207"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000590", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015115207"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2014.978211", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015543996"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732311405684", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019007748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732311405684", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019007748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.03.013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019070559"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020474417"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.05.032", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020581003"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/426800", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022003867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022059651"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2013.844762", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023186408"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-5-28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025653335", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-5-28"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.16.4.18749", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025924806"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2450010210", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026344165"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316672645", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026755368"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316672645", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026755368"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.110.2.203", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027354279"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028577413", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028577413", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.07.035", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028730427"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/trgh.2016.0018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035024182"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000093487.78664.3c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038028250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000093487.78664.3c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038028250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2012.0296", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040955877"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2014.935658", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041234920"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00116.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041301522"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-3632230", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042804279"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-3632230", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042804279"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00544.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043540798"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00544.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043540798"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2013.779738", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043876496"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1743923x07000074", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044293708"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/19452820903048894", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045379300"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00273171.2016.1167008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045843073"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.893", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046201957"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/15348431.2011.556519", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046597027"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047353530", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047353530", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-013-0621-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047472287", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0621-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-2197-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047588000", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2197-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11199-008-9504-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048560612", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9504-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-7-280", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048930668", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.027", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049149290"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a007098", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049299038"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120412331319769", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049308037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001124", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050932320"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2450010207", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051219881"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2016.1216604", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051472255"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014564", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051798928"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-015-1100-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051980818", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1100-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162826", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052220937"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-013-9565-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052227312", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9565-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1756-0500-3-249", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052448174", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-3-249"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1537592707070065", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054939439"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000458", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056436588"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000458", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056436588"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000051", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056437627"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1268673", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058348757"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/683225", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058864646"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2016.0013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059216351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2016.0013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059216351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059229750"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0145", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059229770"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0223", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059229782"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1168650", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062459266"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105313507964", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063993870"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105313507964", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063993870"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/135910539700200305", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063994442"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/135910539700200305", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063994442"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1464700108086364", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064006949"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1464700108086364", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064006949"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.300750", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068845929"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301069", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068846246"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301147", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068846324"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.91.6.927", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068878242"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2626958", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070041708"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.95.3.771-779", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070823175"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.95.3.771-779", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070823175"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7727/wimj.2011.207", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073892516"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084027851", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084027851", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2017.03.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084084883"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.20.1.21462", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084482812"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.20.1.21385", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084671911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2017.1312530", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084922385"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.303744", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085236924"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085745805"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001519", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091055959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001519", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091055959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001519", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091055959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.12619", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092086205"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.17.0062", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092191671"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092548009"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2017.1394908", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092620030"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2017.12.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099744062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2017.12.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099744062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2017.12.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099744062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2018.1439896", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101061250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198118760682", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101785994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198118760682", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101785994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198118760682", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101785994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.05.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103788865"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.05.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103788865"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: 'Intersectional stigma' is a concept that has emerged to characterize the convergence of multiple stigmatized identities within a person or group, and to address their joint effects on health and wellbeing. While enquiry into the intersections of race, class, and gender serves as the historical and theoretical basis for intersectional stigma, there is little consensus on how best to characterize and analyze intersectional stigma, or on how to design interventions to address this complex phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to highlight existing intersectional stigma literature, identify gaps in our methods for studying and addressing intersectional stigma, provide examples illustrating promising analytical approaches, and elucidate priorities for future health research.\nDISCUSSION: Evidence from the existing scientific literature, as well as the examples presented here, suggest that people in diverse settings experience intersecting forms of stigma that influence their mental and physical health and corresponding health behaviors. As different stigmas are often correlated and interrelated, the health impact of intersectional stigma is complex, generating a broad range of vulnerabilities and risks. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches are required to reduce the significant knowledge gaps that remain in our understanding of intersectional stigma, shared identity, and their effects on health.\nCONCLUSIONS: Stigmatized identities, while often analyzed in isolation, do not exist in a vacuum. Intersecting forms of stigma are a common reality, yet they remain poorly understood. The development of instruments and methods to better characterize the mechanisms and effects of intersectional stigma in relation to various health conditions around the globe is vital. Only then will healthcare providers, public health officials, and advocates be able to design health interventions that capitalize on the positive aspects of shared identity, while reducing the burden of stigma.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2685061", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2564742", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3867325", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2438689", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2607458", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1032885", 
            "issn": [
              "1741-7015"
            ], 
            "name": "BMC Medicine", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "17"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Challenges and opportunities in examining and addressing intersectional stigma and health", 
        "pagination": "7", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "610664e6c5f4683ac528d07f3257942acf8fc65d3e64665644b6d300ccaa2d39"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30764816"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101190723"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1111299347"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111299347"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:39", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000349_0000000349/records_113679_00000005.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12916-018-1246-9"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    440 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      123 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1117
    3 schema:author Ne0af1552e71d4a79ab0376be5150cf63
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-013-0621-y
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-015-1100-4
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s10964-013-0073-8
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11199-008-9400-z
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11199-008-9504-5
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-013-9565-8
    13 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-1061
    14 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-7-280
    15 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-9276-10-3
    16 sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-5-28
    17 sg:pub.10.1186/1756-0500-3-249
    18 sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-2197-0
    19 https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2450010207
    20 https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2450010210
    21 https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.893
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.003
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2017.12.001
    24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.005
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2017.03.003
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.03.013
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.05.032
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.029
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.008
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.027
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.07.035
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.03.022
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.05.001
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)68189-0
    35 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1537592707070065
    36 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1743923x07000074
    37 https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.110.2.203
    38 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014564
    39 https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000458
    40 https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000051
    41 https://doi.org/10.1080/00273171.2016.1167008
    42 https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2014.935658
    43 https://doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2014.978211
    44 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120412331319769
    45 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2011.582076
    46 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2013.844762
    47 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1268673
    48 https://doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2018.1439896
    49 https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2016.1216604
    50 https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2017.1312530
    51 https://doi.org/10.1080/15348431.2011.556519
    52 https://doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2017.1394908
    53 https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2013.779738
    54 https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2011.562278
    55 https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2016.1223253
    56 https://doi.org/10.1080/19452820903048894
    57 https://doi.org/10.1086/426800
    58 https://doi.org/10.1086/683225
    59 https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2016.0013
    60 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2012.0296
    61 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0026
    62 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0145
    63 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0223
    64 https://doi.org/10.1089/trgh.2016.0018
    65 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a007098
    66 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000093487.78664.3c
    67 https://doi.org/10.1097/ans.0000000000000046
    68 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000590
    69 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001519
    70 https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.12619
    71 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00544.x
    72 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1992.tb01538.x
    73 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00116.x
    74 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1168650
    75 https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313
    76 https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732311405684
    77 https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316672645
    78 https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198118760682
    79 https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105313507964
    80 https://doi.org/10.1177/135910539700200305
    81 https://doi.org/10.1177/1464700108086364
    82 https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-3632230
    83 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001124
    84 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117686
    85 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162826
    86 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.300750
    87 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301069
    88 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301147
    89 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.303744
    90 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.91.6.927
    91 https://doi.org/10.2307/2626958
    92 https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.95.3.771-779
    93 https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.17.0062
    94 https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.16.4.18749
    95 https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.20.1.21385
    96 https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.20.1.21462
    97 https://doi.org/10.7727/wimj.2011.207
    98 schema:datePublished 2019-12
    99 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
    100 schema:description BACKGROUND: 'Intersectional stigma' is a concept that has emerged to characterize the convergence of multiple stigmatized identities within a person or group, and to address their joint effects on health and wellbeing. While enquiry into the intersections of race, class, and gender serves as the historical and theoretical basis for intersectional stigma, there is little consensus on how best to characterize and analyze intersectional stigma, or on how to design interventions to address this complex phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to highlight existing intersectional stigma literature, identify gaps in our methods for studying and addressing intersectional stigma, provide examples illustrating promising analytical approaches, and elucidate priorities for future health research. DISCUSSION: Evidence from the existing scientific literature, as well as the examples presented here, suggest that people in diverse settings experience intersecting forms of stigma that influence their mental and physical health and corresponding health behaviors. As different stigmas are often correlated and interrelated, the health impact of intersectional stigma is complex, generating a broad range of vulnerabilities and risks. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches are required to reduce the significant knowledge gaps that remain in our understanding of intersectional stigma, shared identity, and their effects on health. CONCLUSIONS: Stigmatized identities, while often analyzed in isolation, do not exist in a vacuum. Intersecting forms of stigma are a common reality, yet they remain poorly understood. The development of instruments and methods to better characterize the mechanisms and effects of intersectional stigma in relation to various health conditions around the globe is vital. Only then will healthcare providers, public health officials, and advocates be able to design health interventions that capitalize on the positive aspects of shared identity, while reducing the burden of stigma.
    101 schema:genre research_article
    102 schema:inLanguage en
    103 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    104 schema:isPartOf N084ae6c3fe664241b2c82a04f0b5eb2f
    105 N4cdd8cacc2864e3e8b4366af603b4f67
    106 sg:journal.1032885
    107 schema:name Challenges and opportunities in examining and addressing intersectional stigma and health
    108 schema:pagination 7
    109 schema:productId N22f1b13490064b7b9f925533638b3261
    110 N659b0dc592804154b0280c44d3264b89
    111 N903624f1d700416d89354cad11c809b1
    112 N933253cb79784448aefdff8c47816a82
    113 Nf3e4029a3841472f9ab9a2ad7be2c934
    114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111299347
    115 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    116 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:39
    117 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    118 schema:sdPublisher N685394a55c414a98925ae95a8be66b4c
    119 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12916-018-1246-9
    120 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    121 sgo:sdDataset articles
    122 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    123 N02c7ce1223f8460889e80aec1088b9af rdf:first sg:person.012741762277.76
    124 rdf:rest N72cb8820c582455596aa779152dcab94
    125 N084ae6c3fe664241b2c82a04f0b5eb2f schema:volumeNumber 17
    126 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    127 N22f1b13490064b7b9f925533638b3261 schema:name dimensions_id
    128 schema:value pub.1111299347
    129 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    130 N4a1082eb668f4abd9f9819c980c25851 rdf:first sg:person.01033703656.91
    131 rdf:rest Nb3a59457273045e2a2836e80db107c70
    132 N4cdd8cacc2864e3e8b4366af603b4f67 schema:issueNumber 1
    133 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    134 N659b0dc592804154b0280c44d3264b89 schema:name pubmed_id
    135 schema:value 30764816
    136 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    137 N685394a55c414a98925ae95a8be66b4c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    138 rdf:type schema:Organization
    139 N72cb8820c582455596aa779152dcab94 rdf:first sg:person.01057345016.24
    140 rdf:rest Nce61dc1f6a9a4805a772e4211b90b73b
    141 N7493b3d3af0242058410773eee592e86 rdf:first sg:person.07571347474.30
    142 rdf:rest Nce1d153f6e3b4681aa87391ba2e8bc04
    143 N903624f1d700416d89354cad11c809b1 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    144 schema:value 101190723
    145 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    146 N933253cb79784448aefdff8c47816a82 schema:name doi
    147 schema:value 10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    148 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    149 N9ad318304bf644c2899bd35425311cfe schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35
    150 schema:familyName Murray
    151 schema:givenName Sarah M.
    152 rdf:type schema:Person
    153 Nb3a59457273045e2a2836e80db107c70 rdf:first sg:person.01070734516.89
    154 rdf:rest N02c7ce1223f8460889e80aec1088b9af
    155 Nce1d153f6e3b4681aa87391ba2e8bc04 rdf:first sg:person.01155372206.89
    156 rdf:rest N4a1082eb668f4abd9f9819c980c25851
    157 Nce61dc1f6a9a4805a772e4211b90b73b rdf:first N9ad318304bf644c2899bd35425311cfe
    158 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    159 Ne0af1552e71d4a79ab0376be5150cf63 rdf:first sg:person.01244514245.89
    160 rdf:rest N7493b3d3af0242058410773eee592e86
    161 Nf3e4029a3841472f9ab9a2ad7be2c934 schema:name readcube_id
    162 schema:value 610664e6c5f4683ac528d07f3257942acf8fc65d3e64665644b6d300ccaa2d39
    163 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    164 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    165 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    166 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    167 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    168 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    169 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    170 sg:grant.2438689 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    171 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    172 sg:grant.2564742 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    173 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    174 sg:grant.2607458 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    175 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    176 sg:grant.2685061 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    177 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    178 sg:grant.3867325 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-018-1246-9
    179 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    180 sg:journal.1032885 schema:issn 1741-7015
    181 schema:name BMC Medicine
    182 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    183 sg:person.01033703656.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.252749.f
    184 schema:familyName Banik
    185 schema:givenName Swagata
    186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01033703656.91
    187 rdf:type schema:Person
    188 sg:person.01057345016.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411377.7
    189 schema:familyName Pescosolido
    190 schema:givenName Bernice
    191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01057345016.24
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 sg:person.01070734516.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2
    194 schema:familyName Turan
    195 schema:givenName Bulent
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01070734516.89
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:person.01155372206.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417199.3
    199 schema:familyName Logie
    200 schema:givenName Carmen H.
    201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155372206.89
    202 rdf:type schema:Person
    203 sg:person.01244514245.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2
    204 schema:familyName Turan
    205 schema:givenName Janet M.
    206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01244514245.89
    207 rdf:type schema:Person
    208 sg:person.012741762277.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2
    209 schema:familyName Crockett
    210 schema:givenName Kaylee B.
    211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012741762277.76
    212 rdf:type schema:Person
    213 sg:person.07571347474.30 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b
    214 schema:familyName Elafros
    215 schema:givenName Melissa A.
    216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07571347474.30
    217 rdf:type schema:Person
    218 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-013-0621-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047472287
    219 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0621-y
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-015-1100-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051980818
    222 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1100-4
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084027851
    225 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-017-0325-8
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 sg:pub.10.1007/s10964-013-0073-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003665468
    228 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-0073-8
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 sg:pub.10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028577413
    231 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-016-9513-8
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 sg:pub.10.1007/s11199-008-9400-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003398117
    234 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9400-z
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 sg:pub.10.1007/s11199-008-9504-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048560612
    237 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9504-5
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047353530
    240 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-010-9200-x
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 sg:pub.10.1007/s12160-013-9565-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052227312
    243 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9565-8
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-1061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010478404
    246 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1061
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-7-280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048930668
    249 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-280
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-9276-10-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004493188
    252 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-10-3
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1186/1477-7517-5-28 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025653335
    255 https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-5-28
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 sg:pub.10.1186/1756-0500-3-249 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052448174
    258 https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-3-249
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-2197-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047588000
    261 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2197-0
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2450010207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051219881
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2450010210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026344165
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.893 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046201957
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085745805
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2017.12.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099744062
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092548009
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2017.03.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084084883
    276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.03.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019070559
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.05.032 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020581003
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022059651
    282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020474417
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049149290
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.07.035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028730427
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.03.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005358075
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.05.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103788865
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)68189-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013306582
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1537592707070065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054939439
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1743923x07000074 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044293708
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.110.2.203 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027354279
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014564 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051798928
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000458 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056436588
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056437627
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1080/00273171.2016.1167008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045843073
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2014.935658 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041234920
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2014.978211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015543996
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120412331319769 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049308037
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2011.582076 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004862835
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2013.844762 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023186408
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1268673 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058348757
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2018.1439896 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101061250
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2016.1216604 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051472255
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2017.1312530 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084922385
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1080/15348431.2011.556519 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046597027
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2017.1394908 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092620030
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2013.779738 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043876496
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2011.562278 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010656416
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2016.1223253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008020829
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1080/19452820903048894 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045379300
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1086/426800 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022003867
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1086/683225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058864646
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2016.0013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059216351
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2012.0296 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040955877
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059229750
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059229770
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0223 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059229782
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1089/trgh.2016.0018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035024182
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a007098 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049299038
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000093487.78664.3c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038028250
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1097/ans.0000000000000046 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007856038
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000590 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015115207
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001519 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091055959
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.12619 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092086205
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00544.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043540798
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1992.tb01538.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012296369
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00116.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041301522
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1168650 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062459266
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741313 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100169445
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732311405684 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019007748
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316672645 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026755368
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198118760682 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101785994
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105313507964 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063993870
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1177/135910539700200305 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063994442
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1177/1464700108086364 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064006949
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-3632230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042804279
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050932320
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117686 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009576481
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162826 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052220937
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.300750 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068845929
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068846246
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.301147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068846324
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.303744 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085236924
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.91.6.927 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068878242
    406 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    407 https://doi.org/10.2307/2626958 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070041708
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.95.3.771-779 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070823175
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.17.0062 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092191671
    412 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    413 https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.16.4.18749 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025924806
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.20.1.21385 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084671911
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 https://doi.org/10.7448/ias.20.1.21462 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084482812
    418 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    419 https://doi.org/10.7727/wimj.2011.207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073892516
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35 schema:alternateName Johns Hopkins University
    422 schema:name Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    423 rdf:type schema:Organization
    424 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.252749.f schema:alternateName Baldwin–Wallace College
    425 schema:name Department of Public Health & Prevention Sciences, Baldwin Wallace University, Berea, OH, USA
    426 rdf:type schema:Organization
    427 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2 schema:alternateName University of Alabama at Birmingham
    428 schema:name Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, 35294, Birmingham, AL, USA
    429 Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    430 rdf:type schema:Organization
    431 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411377.7 schema:alternateName Indiana University Bloomington
    432 schema:name Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
    433 rdf:type schema:Organization
    434 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b schema:alternateName Johns Hopkins Hospital
    435 schema:name Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
    436 rdf:type schema:Organization
    437 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417199.3 schema:alternateName Women's College Hospital
    438 schema:name Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, Toronto, ON, Canada
    439 Women’s College Research Institute, Women’s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    440 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...