Infant fungal communities: current knowledge and research opportunities View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-02-13

AUTHORS

Tonya L. Ward, Dan Knights, Cheryl A. Gale

ABSTRACT

The microbes colonizing the infant gastrointestinal tract have been implicated in later-life disease states such as allergies and obesity. Recently, the medical research community has begun to realize that very early colonization events may be most impactful on future health, with the presence of key taxa required for proper immune and metabolic development. However, most studies to date have focused on bacterial colonization events and have left out fungi, a clinically important sub-population of the microbiota. A number of recent findings indicate the importance of host-associated fungi (the mycobiota) in adult and infant disease states, including acute infections, allergies, and metabolism, making characterization of early human mycobiota an important frontier of medical research. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge with a focus on factors influencing infant mycobiota development and associations between early fungal exposures and health outcomes. We also propose next steps for infant fungal mycobiome research, including longitudinal studies of mother-infant pairs while monitoring long-term health outcomes, further exploration of bacterium-fungus interactions, and improved methods and databases for mycobiome quantitation. More... »

PAGES

30

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-03-07. Developmental dynamics of the preterm infant gut microbiota and antibiotic resistome in NATURE MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2016-08-24. Skin fungal community and its correlation with bacterial community of urban Chinese individuals in MICROBIOME
  • 2013-05-22. Human Skin Fungal Diversity in NATURE
  • 2015-02-03. Using Bayesian modelling to investigate factors governing antibiotic-induced Candida albicans colonization of the GI tract in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2016-07-30. Altered gut microbiota in Rett syndrome in MICROBIOME
  • 2014-05-23. The mycobiota: interactions between commensal fungi and the host immune system in NATURE REVIEWS IMMUNOLOGY
  • 2016-07-07. The microbiome in early life: implications for health outcomes in NATURE MEDICINE
  • 2008-11-30. A core gut microbiome in obese and lean twins in NATURE
  • 2010-07-09. ITS as an environmental DNA barcode for fungi: an in silico approach reveals potential PCR biases in BMC MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2016-07-30. The mode of delivery affects the diversity and colonization pattern of the gut microbiota during the first year of infants' life: a systematic review in BMC GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • 2016-05-13. Mammary candidiasis: molecular-based detection of Candida species in human milk samples in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES
  • 2016-04-13. The effects of antibiotics on the microbiome throughout development and alternative approaches for therapeutic modulation in GENOME MEDICINE
  • 2015-10-12. Obesity changes the human gut mycobiome in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2012-04-19. Molecular typing of fecal eukaryotic microbiota of human infants and their respective mothers in JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-017-0802-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0802-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083644013

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28190400


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