The epidemiology, healthcare and societal burden and costs of asthma in the UK and its member nations: analyses of standalone ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Mome Mukherjee, Andrew Stoddart, Ramyani P. Gupta, Bright I. Nwaru, Angela Farr, Martin Heaven, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Chantelle Aftab, Colin R. Simpson, Ronan A. Lyons, Colin Fischbacher, Christopher Dibben, Michael D. Shields, Ceri J. Phillips, David P. Strachan, Gwyneth A. Davies, Brian McKinstry, Aziz Sheikh

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are a lack of reliable data on the epidemiology and associated burden and costs of asthma. We sought to provide the first UK-wide estimates of the epidemiology, healthcare utilisation and costs of asthma. METHODS: We obtained and analysed asthma-relevant data from 27 datasets: these comprised national health surveys for 2010-11, and routine administrative, health and social care datasets for 2011-12; 2011-12 costs were estimated in pounds sterling using economic modelling. RESULTS: The prevalence of asthma depended on the definition and data source used. The UK lifetime prevalence of patient-reported symptoms suggestive of asthma was 29.5 % (95 % CI, 27.7-31.3; n = 18.5 million (m) people) and 15.6 % (14.3-16.9, n = 9.8 m) for patient-reported clinician-diagnosed asthma. The annual prevalence of patient-reported clinician-diagnosed-and-treated asthma was 9.6 % (8.9-10.3, n = 6.0 m) and of clinician-reported, diagnosed-and-treated asthma 5.7 % (5.7-5.7; n = 3.6 m). Asthma resulted in at least 6.3 m primary care consultations, 93,000 hospital in-patient episodes, 1800 intensive-care unit episodes and 36,800 disability living allowance claims. The costs of asthma were estimated at least £1.1 billion: 74 % of these costs were for provision of primary care services (60 % prescribing, 14 % consultations), 13 % for disability claims, and 12 % for hospital care. There were 1160 asthma deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma is very common and is responsible for considerable morbidity, healthcare utilisation and financial costs to the UK public sector. Greater policy focus on primary care provision is needed to reduce the risk of asthma exacerbations, hospitalisations and deaths, and reduce costs. More... »

PAGES

113

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005687672

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27568881


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Asthma", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cost of Illness", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Databases, Factual", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health Care Costs", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health Surveys", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Prevalence", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "United Kingdom", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK", 
            "Edinburgh Clinical Trials Unit, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mukherjee", 
        "givenName": "Mome", 
        "id": "sg:person.01272007616.90", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272007616.90"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK", 
            "Edinburgh Clinical Trials Unit, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stoddart", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.01332052536.21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01332052536.21"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.83440.3b", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gupta", 
        "givenName": "Ramyani P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015603115544.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015603115544.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Tampere", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5509.9", 
          "name": [
            "Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK", 
            "School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, 33014, Tampere, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nwaru", 
        "givenName": "Bright I.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01226514277.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01226514277.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Swansea University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Swansea Centre for Health Economics (SCHE), College of Human and Health Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Farr", 
        "givenName": "Angela", 
        "id": "sg:person.0751017576.80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0751017576.80"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Farr Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Farr Institute, Swansea University Medical School, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Heaven", 
        "givenName": "Martin", 
        "id": "sg:person.01342117571.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01342117571.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Swansea University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Swansea Centre for Health Economics (SCHE), College of Human and Health Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fitzsimmons", 
        "givenName": "Deborah", 
        "id": "sg:person.01131025145.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01131025145.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Farr Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Farr Institute, Swansea University Medical School, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bandyopadhyay", 
        "givenName": "Amrita", 
        "id": "sg:person.01315723176.31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01315723176.31"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Edinburgh Royal Infirmary", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418716.d", 
          "name": [
            "The University of Edinburgh & The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Clinical Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aftab", 
        "givenName": "Chantelle", 
        "id": "sg:person.0726671127.95", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0726671127.95"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Simpson", 
        "givenName": "Colin R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01345537333.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01345537333.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Farr Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Farr Institute, Swansea University Medical School, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lyons", 
        "givenName": "Ronan A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01371504405.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01371504405.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Health Service Scotland", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422655.2", 
          "name": [
            "Information Services Division (ISD), NHS National Services Scotland, Room 111, Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, EH12 9EB, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fischbacher", 
        "givenName": "Colin", 
        "id": "sg:person.0732731446.58", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0732731446.58"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dibben", 
        "givenName": "Christopher", 
        "id": "sg:person.013054741544.94", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013054741544.94"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Queen's University Belfast", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4777.3", 
          "name": [
            "Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Wellcome Wolfson Institute Experimental Medicine, Queen\u2019s University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, BT9 7BL, Belfast, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shields", 
        "givenName": "Michael D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016152356617.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016152356617.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Swansea University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Swansea Centre for Health Economics (SCHE), College of Human and Health Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Phillips", 
        "givenName": "Ceri J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011645303102.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011645303102.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.83440.3b", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Strachan", 
        "givenName": "David P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01004625741.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01004625741.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Swansea University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9", 
          "name": [
            "Asthma & Allergy Group, Institute of Life Science, Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Davies", 
        "givenName": "Gwyneth A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01155433410.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155433410.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "Edinburgh Clinical Trials Unit, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "McKinstry", 
        "givenName": "Brian", 
        "id": "sg:person.01310144555.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01310144555.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sheikh", 
        "givenName": "Aziz", 
        "id": "sg:person.01125214207.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01125214207.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02244.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000504540"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02244.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000504540"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2012.03.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007199889"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.100.6.1619", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008929407"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2466-9-24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014164864", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-9-24"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2466-9-24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014164864", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-9-24"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.303.7.682", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015488727"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076815600909", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015723535"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076815600909", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015723535"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-1050(199707)6:4<327::aid-hec282>3.0.co;2-w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027432917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.1935.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027614457"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006647", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035704034"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/98.4.464a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035855628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1258/jrsm.2009.090027", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037975608"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1258/jrsm.2009.090027", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037975608"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1183/20734735.008914", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041535293"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1183/20734735.008914", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041535293"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1183/20734735.008914", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041535293"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030932", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042319283"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1476-069x-7-57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042563809", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069x-7-57"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2006.066407", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043543003"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2006.066407", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043543003"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077193947", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: There are a lack of reliable data on the epidemiology and associated burden and costs of asthma. We sought to provide the first UK-wide estimates of the epidemiology, healthcare utilisation and costs of asthma.\nMETHODS: We obtained and analysed asthma-relevant data from 27 datasets: these comprised national health surveys for 2010-11, and routine administrative, health and social care datasets for 2011-12; 2011-12 costs were estimated in pounds sterling using economic modelling.\nRESULTS: The prevalence of asthma depended on the definition and data source used. The UK lifetime prevalence of patient-reported symptoms suggestive of asthma was 29.5\u00a0% (95\u00a0% CI, 27.7-31.3; n\u2009=\u200918.5 million (m) people) and 15.6\u00a0% (14.3-16.9, n\u2009=\u20099.8\u00a0m) for patient-reported clinician-diagnosed asthma. The annual prevalence of patient-reported clinician-diagnosed-and-treated asthma was 9.6\u00a0% (8.9-10.3, n\u2009=\u20096.0\u00a0m) and of clinician-reported, diagnosed-and-treated asthma 5.7\u00a0% (5.7-5.7; n\u2009=\u20093.6\u00a0m). Asthma resulted in at least 6.3\u00a0m primary care consultations, 93,000 hospital in-patient episodes, 1800 intensive-care unit episodes and 36,800 disability living allowance claims. The costs of asthma were estimated at least \u00a31.1 billion: 74\u00a0% of these costs were for provision of primary care services (60\u00a0% prescribing, 14\u00a0% consultations), 13\u00a0% for disability claims, and 12\u00a0% for hospital care. There were 1160 asthma deaths.\nCONCLUSIONS: Asthma is very common and is responsible for considerable morbidity, healthcare utilisation and financial costs to the UK public sector. Greater policy focus on primary care provision is needed to reduce the risk of asthma exacerbations, hospitalisations and deaths, and reduce costs.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2754657", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2757699", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2771836", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5325610", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3560644", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2787176", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2771982", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1032885", 
        "issn": [
          "1741-7015"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Medicine", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "14"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The epidemiology, healthcare and societal burden and costs of asthma in the UK and its member nations: analyses of standalone and linked national databases", 
    "pagination": "113", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "1b192cab5f5160bbeb99dfda1c11b6ff601830ef87bf60a967120ad9282ceddb"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "27568881"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101190723"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1005687672"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005687672"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:25", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000362_0000000362/records_87104_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12916-016-0657-8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

314 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      53 URIs      29 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8 schema:about N069257b5253648038516e8ef6c8a990a
2 N0b7630c5afd64f6b983b10adfec07759
3 N4c72bc0169004840abe72021af1c7d9b
4 N87efa1d401204e45a15e783cfbc68e56
5 Na1c792570fad4a76934936c06e21ed02
6 Na44ee9f55d9142b3a7320fc094ff7671
7 Nc236c7387ebe4d9096b36ffeadfa2e5a
8 Nc63ebfc92f784ea3b9c43b165748aab9
9 anzsrc-for:11
10 anzsrc-for:1117
11 schema:author Nf7780b18db38440f98221c16e4ba95c6
12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2466-9-24
13 sg:pub.10.1186/1476-069x-7-57
14 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077193947
15 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.303.7.682
16 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-1050(199707)6:4<327::aid-hec282>3.0.co;2-w
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2012.03.001
18 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030932
19 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/98.4.464a
20 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.1935.x
21 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02244.x
22 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006647
23 https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2006.066407
24 https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076815600909
25 https://doi.org/10.1183/20734735.008914
26 https://doi.org/10.1258/jrsm.2009.090027
27 https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.100.6.1619
28 schema:datePublished 2016-12
29 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-12-01
30 schema:description BACKGROUND: There are a lack of reliable data on the epidemiology and associated burden and costs of asthma. We sought to provide the first UK-wide estimates of the epidemiology, healthcare utilisation and costs of asthma. METHODS: We obtained and analysed asthma-relevant data from 27 datasets: these comprised national health surveys for 2010-11, and routine administrative, health and social care datasets for 2011-12; 2011-12 costs were estimated in pounds sterling using economic modelling. RESULTS: The prevalence of asthma depended on the definition and data source used. The UK lifetime prevalence of patient-reported symptoms suggestive of asthma was 29.5 % (95 % CI, 27.7-31.3; n = 18.5 million (m) people) and 15.6 % (14.3-16.9, n = 9.8 m) for patient-reported clinician-diagnosed asthma. The annual prevalence of patient-reported clinician-diagnosed-and-treated asthma was 9.6 % (8.9-10.3, n = 6.0 m) and of clinician-reported, diagnosed-and-treated asthma 5.7 % (5.7-5.7; n = 3.6 m). Asthma resulted in at least 6.3 m primary care consultations, 93,000 hospital in-patient episodes, 1800 intensive-care unit episodes and 36,800 disability living allowance claims. The costs of asthma were estimated at least £1.1 billion: 74 % of these costs were for provision of primary care services (60 % prescribing, 14 % consultations), 13 % for disability claims, and 12 % for hospital care. There were 1160 asthma deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma is very common and is responsible for considerable morbidity, healthcare utilisation and financial costs to the UK public sector. Greater policy focus on primary care provision is needed to reduce the risk of asthma exacerbations, hospitalisations and deaths, and reduce costs.
31 schema:genre research_article
32 schema:inLanguage en
33 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
34 schema:isPartOf N1bba62cd369f4c2ca84fc56a6579cd71
35 N810abbb3a4a24c39b79758d04b57d280
36 sg:journal.1032885
37 schema:name The epidemiology, healthcare and societal burden and costs of asthma in the UK and its member nations: analyses of standalone and linked national databases
38 schema:pagination 113
39 schema:productId N073a4a9e3b8a4d5e9a171a1ef603edec
40 N0da3d1266286483ab762d36b545685d2
41 N134fd7b249bb4317be15980af1846eec
42 N7bb8411c9b8b43feac54d7567aee4f65
43 Nedb0d279a46b4e569d430d924978fabf
44 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005687672
45 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
46 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:25
47 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
48 schema:sdPublisher Nce3c518483d04b808e6dc5a7557d2740
49 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12916-016-0657-8
50 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
51 sgo:sdDataset articles
52 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
53 N06869c154de648ebbb5915b19b96ddae rdf:first sg:person.01332052536.21
54 rdf:rest N70411bda7c444f93b8b3be44da72d7b5
55 N069257b5253648038516e8ef6c8a990a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
56 schema:name Asthma
57 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
58 N073a4a9e3b8a4d5e9a171a1ef603edec schema:name readcube_id
59 schema:value 1b192cab5f5160bbeb99dfda1c11b6ff601830ef87bf60a967120ad9282ceddb
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 N0b7630c5afd64f6b983b10adfec07759 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
62 schema:name Databases, Factual
63 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
64 N0b95c633e89643449de1af29494b86f8 rdf:first sg:person.0732731446.58
65 rdf:rest N26d63b660b1b4880977c5561afa408ae
66 N0da3d1266286483ab762d36b545685d2 schema:name dimensions_id
67 schema:value pub.1005687672
68 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
69 N134fd7b249bb4317be15980af1846eec schema:name doi
70 schema:value 10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
71 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
72 N1b3b931c5548468b8b069761f9ed9e96 rdf:first sg:person.01125214207.48
73 rdf:rest rdf:nil
74 N1bba62cd369f4c2ca84fc56a6579cd71 schema:issueNumber 1
75 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
76 N26d63b660b1b4880977c5561afa408ae rdf:first sg:person.013054741544.94
77 rdf:rest N7164e846ec2d45d18453048c6853182e
78 N43cda4c215bc4170944d994c49f4f052 rdf:first sg:person.01315723176.31
79 rdf:rest Nf4e7050a0ca34fc3a586464492965ff5
80 N4c72bc0169004840abe72021af1c7d9b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
81 schema:name Humans
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 N573cfcdab46b4617932cce9500a8c221 rdf:first sg:person.011645303102.33
84 rdf:rest N7bd16790d83c4740abb25db9d9d926e3
85 N70411bda7c444f93b8b3be44da72d7b5 rdf:first sg:person.015603115544.29
86 rdf:rest N931640de96264237bf05fd62ec835abc
87 N7164e846ec2d45d18453048c6853182e rdf:first sg:person.016152356617.00
88 rdf:rest N573cfcdab46b4617932cce9500a8c221
89 N7bb8411c9b8b43feac54d7567aee4f65 schema:name nlm_unique_id
90 schema:value 101190723
91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
92 N7bd16790d83c4740abb25db9d9d926e3 rdf:first sg:person.01004625741.05
93 rdf:rest N95310e668c17468397afa662e8fdb9c1
94 N7f2afeaa302044d782a3f152978d4320 rdf:first sg:person.01371504405.32
95 rdf:rest N0b95c633e89643449de1af29494b86f8
96 N810abbb3a4a24c39b79758d04b57d280 schema:volumeNumber 14
97 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
98 N87efa1d401204e45a15e783cfbc68e56 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name United Kingdom
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N90d3de15678746d6ab45e5247f70e7d3 rdf:first sg:person.01131025145.92
102 rdf:rest N43cda4c215bc4170944d994c49f4f052
103 N931640de96264237bf05fd62ec835abc rdf:first sg:person.01226514277.27
104 rdf:rest Nbeaef51d3bb54a3f9fd98121acedf18f
105 N95310e668c17468397afa662e8fdb9c1 rdf:first sg:person.01155433410.24
106 rdf:rest Nefacc1852b8545ca80c845fc503d7656
107 Na1c792570fad4a76934936c06e21ed02 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
108 schema:name Prevalence
109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
110 Na44ee9f55d9142b3a7320fc094ff7671 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
111 schema:name Health Surveys
112 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
113 Nbeaef51d3bb54a3f9fd98121acedf18f rdf:first sg:person.0751017576.80
114 rdf:rest Nf6ec337a5a234a9cb25a8d4ea8002de5
115 Nc231c64f668b43eb89bed832644d0068 rdf:first sg:person.01345537333.12
116 rdf:rest N7f2afeaa302044d782a3f152978d4320
117 Nc236c7387ebe4d9096b36ffeadfa2e5a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name Cost of Illness
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 Nc63ebfc92f784ea3b9c43b165748aab9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
121 schema:name Health Care Costs
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 Nce3c518483d04b808e6dc5a7557d2740 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
124 rdf:type schema:Organization
125 Nedb0d279a46b4e569d430d924978fabf schema:name pubmed_id
126 schema:value 27568881
127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
128 Nefacc1852b8545ca80c845fc503d7656 rdf:first sg:person.01310144555.08
129 rdf:rest N1b3b931c5548468b8b069761f9ed9e96
130 Nf4e7050a0ca34fc3a586464492965ff5 rdf:first sg:person.0726671127.95
131 rdf:rest Nc231c64f668b43eb89bed832644d0068
132 Nf6ec337a5a234a9cb25a8d4ea8002de5 rdf:first sg:person.01342117571.32
133 rdf:rest N90d3de15678746d6ab45e5247f70e7d3
134 Nf7780b18db38440f98221c16e4ba95c6 rdf:first sg:person.01272007616.90
135 rdf:rest N06869c154de648ebbb5915b19b96ddae
136 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
137 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
140 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 sg:grant.2754657 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
143 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
144 sg:grant.2757699 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
145 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
146 sg:grant.2771836 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
147 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
148 sg:grant.2771982 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
149 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
150 sg:grant.2787176 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
151 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
152 sg:grant.3560644 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
153 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
154 sg:grant.5325610 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12916-016-0657-8
155 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
156 sg:journal.1032885 schema:issn 1741-7015
157 schema:name BMC Medicine
158 rdf:type schema:Periodical
159 sg:person.01004625741.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.83440.3b
160 schema:familyName Strachan
161 schema:givenName David P.
162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01004625741.05
163 rdf:type schema:Person
164 sg:person.01125214207.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
165 schema:familyName Sheikh
166 schema:givenName Aziz
167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01125214207.48
168 rdf:type schema:Person
169 sg:person.01131025145.92 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9
170 schema:familyName Fitzsimmons
171 schema:givenName Deborah
172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01131025145.92
173 rdf:type schema:Person
174 sg:person.01155433410.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9
175 schema:familyName Davies
176 schema:givenName Gwyneth A.
177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155433410.24
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 sg:person.011645303102.33 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9
180 schema:familyName Phillips
181 schema:givenName Ceri J.
182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011645303102.33
183 rdf:type schema:Person
184 sg:person.01226514277.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5509.9
185 schema:familyName Nwaru
186 schema:givenName Bright I.
187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01226514277.27
188 rdf:type schema:Person
189 sg:person.01272007616.90 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
190 schema:familyName Mukherjee
191 schema:givenName Mome
192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272007616.90
193 rdf:type schema:Person
194 sg:person.013054741544.94 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
195 schema:familyName Dibben
196 schema:givenName Christopher
197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013054741544.94
198 rdf:type schema:Person
199 sg:person.01310144555.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
200 schema:familyName McKinstry
201 schema:givenName Brian
202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01310144555.08
203 rdf:type schema:Person
204 sg:person.01315723176.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9
205 schema:familyName Bandyopadhyay
206 schema:givenName Amrita
207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01315723176.31
208 rdf:type schema:Person
209 sg:person.01332052536.21 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
210 schema:familyName Stoddart
211 schema:givenName Andrew
212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01332052536.21
213 rdf:type schema:Person
214 sg:person.01342117571.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9
215 schema:familyName Heaven
216 schema:givenName Martin
217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01342117571.32
218 rdf:type schema:Person
219 sg:person.01345537333.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
220 schema:familyName Simpson
221 schema:givenName Colin R.
222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01345537333.12
223 rdf:type schema:Person
224 sg:person.01371504405.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9
225 schema:familyName Lyons
226 schema:givenName Ronan A.
227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01371504405.32
228 rdf:type schema:Person
229 sg:person.015603115544.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.83440.3b
230 schema:familyName Gupta
231 schema:givenName Ramyani P.
232 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015603115544.29
233 rdf:type schema:Person
234 sg:person.016152356617.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4777.3
235 schema:familyName Shields
236 schema:givenName Michael D.
237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016152356617.00
238 rdf:type schema:Person
239 sg:person.0726671127.95 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418716.d
240 schema:familyName Aftab
241 schema:givenName Chantelle
242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0726671127.95
243 rdf:type schema:Person
244 sg:person.0732731446.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422655.2
245 schema:familyName Fischbacher
246 schema:givenName Colin
247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0732731446.58
248 rdf:type schema:Person
249 sg:person.0751017576.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9
250 schema:familyName Farr
251 schema:givenName Angela
252 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0751017576.80
253 rdf:type schema:Person
254 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2466-9-24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014164864
255 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-9-24
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 sg:pub.10.1186/1476-069x-7-57 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042563809
258 https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069x-7-57
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077193947 schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.303.7.682 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015488727
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-1050(199707)6:4<327::aid-hec282>3.0.co;2-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027432917
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2012.03.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007199889
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030932 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042319283
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/98.4.464a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035855628
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.1935.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027614457
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02244.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000504540
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006647 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035704034
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2006.066407 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043543003
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076815600909 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015723535
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1183/20734735.008914 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041535293
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1258/jrsm.2009.090027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037975608
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.100.6.1619 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008929407
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418716.d schema:alternateName Edinburgh Royal Infirmary
288 schema:name The University of Edinburgh & The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Clinical Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, Edinburgh, UK
289 rdf:type schema:Organization
290 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422655.2 schema:alternateName National Health Service Scotland
291 schema:name Information Services Division (ISD), NHS National Services Scotland, Room 111, Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, EH12 9EB, Edinburgh, UK
292 rdf:type schema:Organization
293 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2 schema:alternateName University of Edinburgh
294 schema:name Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK
295 Edinburgh Clinical Trials Unit, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK
296 School of Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK
297 rdf:type schema:Organization
298 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4777.3 schema:alternateName Queen's University Belfast
299 schema:name Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Wellcome Wolfson Institute Experimental Medicine, Queen’s University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, BT9 7BL, Belfast, UK
300 rdf:type schema:Organization
301 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4827.9 schema:alternateName Swansea University
302 schema:name Asthma & Allergy Group, Institute of Life Science, Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK
303 Swansea Centre for Health Economics (SCHE), College of Human and Health Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK
304 rdf:type schema:Organization
305 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.488827.9 schema:alternateName Farr Institute
306 schema:name Farr Institute, Swansea University Medical School, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, Swansea, UK
307 rdf:type schema:Organization
308 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5509.9 schema:alternateName University of Tampere
309 schema:name Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research, Centre for Medical Informatics, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, Edinburgh, UK
310 School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, 33014, Tampere, Finland
311 rdf:type schema:Organization
312 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.83440.3b schema:alternateName University College London
313 schema:name Population Health Research Institute, St George’s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK
314 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...