A quantitative genome-wide RNAi screen in C. elegans for antifungal innate immunity genes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Olivier Zugasti, Nishant Thakur, Jérôme Belougne, Barbara Squiban, C. Léopold Kurz, Julien Soulé, Shizue Omi, Laurent Tichit, Nathalie Pujol, Jonathan J. Ewbank

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Caenorhabditis elegans has emerged over the last decade as a useful model for the study of innate immunity. Its infection with the pathogenic fungus Drechmeria coniospora leads to the rapid up-regulation in the epidermis of genes encoding antimicrobial peptides. The molecular basis of antimicrobial peptide gene regulation has been previously characterized through forward genetic screens. Reverse genetics, based on RNAi, provide a complementary approach to dissect the worm's immune defenses. RESULTS: We report here the full results of a quantitative whole-genome RNAi screen in C. elegans for genes involved in regulating antimicrobial peptide gene expression. The results will be a valuable resource for those contemplating similar RNAi-based screens and also reveal the limitations of such an approach. We present several strategies, including a comprehensive class clustering method, to overcome these limitations and which allowed us to characterize the different steps of the interaction between C. elegans and the fungus D. coniospora, leading to a complete description of the MAPK pathway central to innate immunity in C. elegans. The results further revealed a cross-tissue signaling, triggered by mitochondrial dysfunction in the intestine, that suppresses antimicrobial peptide gene expression in the nematode epidermis. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results provide an unprecedented system's level insight into the regulation of C. elegans innate immunity. They represent a significant contribution to our understanding of host defenses and will lead to a better comprehension of the function and evolution of animal innate immunity. More... »

PAGES

35

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12915-016-0256-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12915-016-0256-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034970431

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27129311


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