Evaluation of medicines dispensing pattern of private pharmacies in Rajshahi, Bangladesh View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Shuvashis Saha, Md. Tawhid Hossain

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In developing country like BANGLADESH, people depend more on pharmacies due to expediency, shorter waiting time, cost reduction, availability of credit and flexible opening hours. The aim of this study was to investigate medicines dispensing patterns of the pharmacies in RAJSHAHI, BANGLADESH and to identify and analyze contribution of drugsellers and quacks in irrational drug use. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted during January 2016 - April, 2016 in 75 randomly selected private pharmacies including both licensed and unlicensed pharmacies of covering LAKSHMIPUR area. RESULT: During the whole study process, total 7944 clients visited the pharmacies under observation and 24,717 medicines were dispensed. 22.70% of all these drugs were sold without a prescription. Out of the 5610 items dispensed without prescription, 66.2% were dispensed on the request of clients themselves and 33.8% on the recommendation of a drug seller. Number of medicine in a prescription was highly variable ranging from 2 to 5 medicines per prescriptions (mean = 3.03). The average number of medicines dispensed from each of the pharmacies during the observation period was 392, varied pharmacy to pharmacy - ranging from 194 to 588. Lowest selling medicines were sedative and hypnotics and highest selling medicines were antimicrobials. The recommendation rate for antibiotics was highest for the quacks (26.48%) though the major amount of the antimicrobials (n = 3039, 65.83%) were dispensed on prescription. Macrolides, quinolones, metronidazoles and cephalosporins are most favourite drug of quacks, clients and pharmacists. CONCLUSION: Majority of medicines were dispensed irrationally without any prescription and over the counter dispensing of many low safety profile drugs was common. The results and discussion presented in this paper will be helpful to provide a baseline to redirect further studies in this area. More... »

PAGES

136

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083812321

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28193274


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1115", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Anti-Infective Agents", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Bangladesh", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Community Pharmacy Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Costs and Cost Analysis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Delivery of Health Care", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Drug Prescriptions", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Patients' Rooms", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pharmacies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pharmacists", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Private Sector", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Professional Practice", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Self Medication", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Rajshahi Medical College, University of Rajshahi, 6002, Rajshahi, Bangladesh"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saha", 
        "givenName": "Shuvashis", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rajshahi Medical College", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415637.2", 
          "name": [
            "Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hossain", 
        "givenName": "Md. Tawhid", 
        "id": "sg:person.014467075346.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014467075346.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1210.051471", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008272629"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/314079", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008785591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00422-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013979204"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00422-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013979204"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(92)90241-h", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021484918"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3329/bpj.v18i2.24312", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021564749"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3329/bpj.v18i2.24312", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021564749"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(87)90233-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025680410"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/487163a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027358026", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/487163a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677454", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677454", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4103/0976-0105.128253", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029906086"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030522109"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(98)00134-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031427284"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02398.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042203280"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02398.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042203280"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-847", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044424863", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-847"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2012.04.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044529353"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(94)90462-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049965699"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(11)70054-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050132998"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052776516", 
          "https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052776516", 
          "https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/376905", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053174378"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c5715", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062807507"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c5715", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062807507"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.09.070417", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070837527"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2017-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2017-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: In developing country like BANGLADESH, people depend more on pharmacies due to expediency, shorter waiting time, cost reduction, availability of credit and flexible opening hours. The aim of this study was to investigate medicines dispensing patterns of the pharmacies in RAJSHAHI, BANGLADESH and to identify and analyze contribution of drugsellers and quacks in irrational drug use.\nMETHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted during January 2016 - April, 2016 in 75 randomly selected private pharmacies including both licensed and unlicensed pharmacies of covering LAKSHMIPUR area.\nRESULT: During the whole study process, total 7944 clients visited the pharmacies under observation and 24,717 medicines were dispensed. 22.70% of all these drugs were sold without a prescription. Out of the 5610 items dispensed without prescription, 66.2% were dispensed on the request of clients themselves and 33.8% on the recommendation of a drug seller. Number of medicine in a prescription was highly variable ranging from 2 to 5 medicines per prescriptions (mean\u2009=\u20093.03). The average number of medicines dispensed from each of the pharmacies during the observation period was 392, varied pharmacy to pharmacy - ranging from 194 to 588. Lowest selling medicines were sedative and hypnotics and highest selling medicines were antimicrobials. The recommendation rate for antibiotics was highest for the quacks (26.48%) though the major amount of the antimicrobials (n\u2009=\u20093039, 65.83%) were dispensed on prescription. Macrolides, quinolones, metronidazoles and cephalosporins are most favourite drug of quacks, clients and pharmacists.\nCONCLUSION: Majority of medicines were dispensed irrationally without any prescription and over the counter dispensing of many low safety profile drugs was common. The results and discussion presented in this paper will be helpful to provide a baseline to redirect further studies in this area.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1327417", 
        "issn": [
          "1472-6963"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Health Services Research", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "17"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Evaluation of medicines dispensing pattern of private pharmacies in Rajshahi, Bangladesh", 
    "pagination": "136", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "152ec41a59c0bdc2e08c54519fa3bb6f57d9b930a5008446ef33e3afe0cefbbc"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28193274"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101088677"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1083812321"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083812321"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:59", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89814_00000002.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12913-017-2072-z"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

200 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      64 URIs      36 LITERALS      24 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z schema:about N04b6a30145d5455ca26348f2cb9f2da2
2 N2642dc245372444e8d5c8f2fdda52f50
3 N385f66d6e79c4d50826a91eb0f7222a6
4 N458a6d2647ac499dab2f2a8423e84e15
5 N492cb29e54c244439d2138c7b63b7c55
6 N4e188998897c48cda6a7865e12913321
7 N67d5912c4fe74b7da091c11a6e48283c
8 N6d09b84ad12d4f3283eee91d4d3d10ae
9 N880380e9566842a4a2d9cc5d2cb68c15
10 N8921d606c35a43359f0764e6a990ccaa
11 Na1ac8f73b6514ac5a8d4dc6ec0e44e0d
12 Nb456d0a9887345dd9533880889496455
13 Nd56f6cdfeff644bcb7d9a3d6854c9ecb
14 Nd8726c33b6174ad986dc5e6ff8437181
15 Nfd97c8b35a71482f874ac3096beaf0e6
16 anzsrc-for:11
17 anzsrc-for:1115
18 schema:author N7d7bc59b5dae4528997bddc37ae47a23
19 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/487163a
20 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-847
21 sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0
22 sg:pub.10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(87)90233-4
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(92)90241-h
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(94)90462-6
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2012.04.002
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.025
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00422-7
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(98)00134-8
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(11)70054-8
31 https://doi.org/10.1086/314079
32 https://doi.org/10.1086/376905
33 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02398.x
34 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c5715
35 https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.09.070417
36 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1210.051471
37 https://doi.org/10.3329/bpj.v18i2.24312
38 https://doi.org/10.4103/0976-0105.128253
39 schema:datePublished 2017-12
40 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-12-01
41 schema:description BACKGROUND: In developing country like BANGLADESH, people depend more on pharmacies due to expediency, shorter waiting time, cost reduction, availability of credit and flexible opening hours. The aim of this study was to investigate medicines dispensing patterns of the pharmacies in RAJSHAHI, BANGLADESH and to identify and analyze contribution of drugsellers and quacks in irrational drug use. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted during January 2016 - April, 2016 in 75 randomly selected private pharmacies including both licensed and unlicensed pharmacies of covering LAKSHMIPUR area. RESULT: During the whole study process, total 7944 clients visited the pharmacies under observation and 24,717 medicines were dispensed. 22.70% of all these drugs were sold without a prescription. Out of the 5610 items dispensed without prescription, 66.2% were dispensed on the request of clients themselves and 33.8% on the recommendation of a drug seller. Number of medicine in a prescription was highly variable ranging from 2 to 5 medicines per prescriptions (mean = 3.03). The average number of medicines dispensed from each of the pharmacies during the observation period was 392, varied pharmacy to pharmacy - ranging from 194 to 588. Lowest selling medicines were sedative and hypnotics and highest selling medicines were antimicrobials. The recommendation rate for antibiotics was highest for the quacks (26.48%) though the major amount of the antimicrobials (n = 3039, 65.83%) were dispensed on prescription. Macrolides, quinolones, metronidazoles and cephalosporins are most favourite drug of quacks, clients and pharmacists. CONCLUSION: Majority of medicines were dispensed irrationally without any prescription and over the counter dispensing of many low safety profile drugs was common. The results and discussion presented in this paper will be helpful to provide a baseline to redirect further studies in this area.
42 schema:genre research_article
43 schema:inLanguage en
44 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
45 schema:isPartOf N583010ef80604328887e4988c005a5f3
46 Nda83b449ad334084bfd788113da4bc40
47 sg:journal.1327417
48 schema:name Evaluation of medicines dispensing pattern of private pharmacies in Rajshahi, Bangladesh
49 schema:pagination 136
50 schema:productId N047f2c3a732841d9b3fd43b407a8caa7
51 N32ef6abc0d974702ae803d8138647f2e
52 N3bf8d4bc559e44d286c10dfef780b8c3
53 Na48074e3b6184ee7a8b4ae6eb2dae5dc
54 Nb0a0425237344d648b1d90d248d6a0da
55 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083812321
56 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z
57 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:59
58 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
59 schema:sdPublisher N5e13383440c2452695b3de0063bcd694
60 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12913-017-2072-z
61 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
62 sgo:sdDataset articles
63 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
64 N047f2c3a732841d9b3fd43b407a8caa7 schema:name pubmed_id
65 schema:value 28193274
66 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
67 N04b6a30145d5455ca26348f2cb9f2da2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
68 schema:name Costs and Cost Analysis
69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
70 N2642dc245372444e8d5c8f2fdda52f50 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
71 schema:name Pharmacists
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 N32ef6abc0d974702ae803d8138647f2e schema:name dimensions_id
74 schema:value pub.1083812321
75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
76 N385f66d6e79c4d50826a91eb0f7222a6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
77 schema:name Humans
78 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
79 N3bf8d4bc559e44d286c10dfef780b8c3 schema:name readcube_id
80 schema:value 152ec41a59c0bdc2e08c54519fa3bb6f57d9b930a5008446ef33e3afe0cefbbc
81 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
82 N3efd6df2dffe41269417b6863c1df5ca rdf:first sg:person.014467075346.49
83 rdf:rest rdf:nil
84 N458a6d2647ac499dab2f2a8423e84e15 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Self Medication
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 N492cb29e54c244439d2138c7b63b7c55 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
88 schema:name Delivery of Health Care
89 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
90 N4e188998897c48cda6a7865e12913321 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
91 schema:name Community Pharmacy Services
92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
93 N583010ef80604328887e4988c005a5f3 schema:issueNumber 1
94 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
95 N5e13383440c2452695b3de0063bcd694 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
96 rdf:type schema:Organization
97 N67d5912c4fe74b7da091c11a6e48283c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Private Sector
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N6d09b84ad12d4f3283eee91d4d3d10ae schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
101 schema:name Drug Prescriptions
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 N7d7bc59b5dae4528997bddc37ae47a23 rdf:first N82793efcf12440b9b26f9a60e4a092de
104 rdf:rest N3efd6df2dffe41269417b6863c1df5ca
105 N82793efcf12440b9b26f9a60e4a092de schema:affiliation Nde906e3d6e7e4a778c51dc9b68041531
106 schema:familyName Saha
107 schema:givenName Shuvashis
108 rdf:type schema:Person
109 N880380e9566842a4a2d9cc5d2cb68c15 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
110 schema:name Adult
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 N8921d606c35a43359f0764e6a990ccaa schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
113 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 Na1ac8f73b6514ac5a8d4dc6ec0e44e0d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Bangladesh
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 Na48074e3b6184ee7a8b4ae6eb2dae5dc schema:name nlm_unique_id
119 schema:value 101088677
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 Nb0a0425237344d648b1d90d248d6a0da schema:name doi
122 schema:value 10.1186/s12913-017-2072-z
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 Nb456d0a9887345dd9533880889496455 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
125 schema:name Patients' Rooms
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 Nd56f6cdfeff644bcb7d9a3d6854c9ecb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
128 schema:name Pharmacies
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 Nd8726c33b6174ad986dc5e6ff8437181 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
131 schema:name Anti-Infective Agents
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 Nda83b449ad334084bfd788113da4bc40 schema:volumeNumber 17
134 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
135 Nde906e3d6e7e4a778c51dc9b68041531 schema:name Rajshahi Medical College, University of Rajshahi, 6002, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
136 rdf:type schema:Organization
137 Nfd97c8b35a71482f874ac3096beaf0e6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
138 schema:name Professional Practice
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
141 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 anzsrc-for:1115 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
144 schema:name Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 sg:journal.1327417 schema:issn 1472-6963
147 schema:name BMC Health Services Research
148 rdf:type schema:Periodical
149 sg:person.014467075346.49 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415637.2
150 schema:familyName Hossain
151 schema:givenName Md. Tawhid
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014467075346.49
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:pub.10.1038/487163a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027358026
155 https://doi.org/10.1038/487163a
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-847 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044424863
158 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-847
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677454
161 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1737-0
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 sg:pub.10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052776516
164 https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v26i3.1894
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(87)90233-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025680410
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(92)90241-h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021484918
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(94)90462-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049965699
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2012.04.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044529353
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030522109
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00422-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013979204
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(98)00134-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031427284
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(11)70054-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050132998
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 https://doi.org/10.1086/314079 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008785591
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 https://doi.org/10.1086/376905 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053174378
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02398.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042203280
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c5715 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062807507
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.09.070417 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070837527
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1210.051471 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008272629
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 https://doi.org/10.3329/bpj.v18i2.24312 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021564749
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.4103/0976-0105.128253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029906086
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415637.2 schema:alternateName Rajshahi Medical College
199 schema:name Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
200 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...